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161 and can activate Ca action potentials
162 and inside-out membrane patches
163 and it has been shown that nimodipine (an L-channel antagonist) prevents certain mossy fiber LTP-types from taking place
164 and nicotinergic
165 and Shepherd GM ed. Synaptic Organization of the Brain, 1998. p182) GABA release onto mitral: spontaneous and gltamate-evoked. Moreover, activation of muscarinic receptors modulates GABAergic synaptic inputs onto mitral cell.
166 and Shepherd GM ed. Synaptic Organization of the Brain, 1998. p182)GABA release onto mitral: spontaneous and gltamate-evoked. Moreover, activation of muscarinic receptors modulates GABAergic synaptic inputs onto mitral cell.
167 and stain for postsynaptic GLYR
168 Another study suggested that adult neostriatal projection neurons do not express significant levels of LVA Ca2+ current
169 Another study using bath application of 1S,3R-ACPD in rat slice cultures during single electrode voltage clamp recording showed that depolarizing current steps revealed a suppression of K currents leading to a negative slope conductance at potential between -55mV and -40 mV
170 AP propagation was studied in the somas and dendrites of intact retinal ganglion cells exposed by enzymatic removal of the overlying endfeet of the Muller glia. Simultaneous somatic and dendritic whole cell patch recordings suggested that the dendrites of retinal ganglion cells support Na+ AP.
171 Apical dendrites of L6 pyramidal neurons in somatosensory cortex are similar to L5 and L2/3 in that they includeNMDA-dependent electrogenesis
172 Application of acetylcholine (ACh) evoked concentration-dependent whole-cell currents
173 Assumed.
174 At least 40% of choline acetyltransferase-immunopositive cholinergic interneurons were immunopositive for GluR1 or GluR4
175 At parallel fiber (PF) -Purkinje cell synapses, NMDA reversibly depresses postsynaptic currents, through a trans-synaptic mechanism that involves release from PFs nitric oxide that decreases the glutamate sensitivity of the Purkinje cell
176 At the subcellular level in the substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNr), GlyRs show a localized distribution on the soma and dendrites that partially complements but does not overlap with the distribution of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)A receptors."
177 Autaptic self-innervation of basket cells
178 Auto-activation from glutamate released by mitral cell secondary dendrites
179 Auto-activation from glutamate released by mitral cell soma
180 Baclofen suppresses field potentials at the intrinsic fiber synapses proximal to the pyramidal cell bodies (layer Ib) but not field potential at distal dendrites (layer Ia). afferent and intrinsic synaptic inputs may be differentially modulated by the activation of GABAB receptors and that this selective suppression is at least partially mediated via a presynaptic mechanism (at the interneuron terminals?)
181 Basal dendrites receive flattened (FL) and pleiomorphic (PL) synapses (90% of total synapses on proximal dendrites, 62% on distal dendrites) (SOBiv p131). Vertical cells stain for glycine
182 Basket cell activation elicits IPSPs in Purkinje cells
183 Basket cells make synaptic contact with pyramidal and spiny stellate cells preferentially on the somata (50%) and dendritic shaft (45%), but synapses on dendritic spines are also present (4.9%). IPSPs elicited in the postsynaptic cells have short latency, fast rising time and short duration, similar to those mediated by GABAA receptors
184 Bath application of omega-conotoxin MVIIC (an antagonist of N and P channels) blocked (with slow kinetics) approximately 30% of the high-voltage activated Ca2+ current measured in whole-cell recordings
185 Bath application of omega-conotoxin MVIIC blocked (with rapid kinetics) approximately 20% of the high-voltage activated Ca2+ current, suggesting the presence of N-channels measured in whole-cell recordings
186 Bath application of Pb2+ shifted the neurons curent-voltage relation in patch-clamp recording from acutely isolated pyramidal neurons. These results were interpreted to "demonstrate that Pb2+ in micromolar concentration is a voltage-dependent, reversible blocker of delayed-rectifier potassium currents of hippocampal neurons"
187 Bath application of Pb2+ shifted the neurons'' current-voltage relation in patch-clamp recording from acutely isolated pyramidal neurons. These results were interpreted to "demonstrate that Pb2+ in micromolar concentration is a voltage-dependent, reversible blocker of delayed-rectifier potassium currents of hippocampal neurons"
188 Benardo et al 1982;
189 Bicuculline disrupts timing of odor_evoked responses
190 Blockade of fast spike by TTX
191 blocked by strychnine. Ia IPSPs are located near the cell soma
192 Both HVA and LVA calcium currents were present in cell bodies of identified neurons. P/Q-type channels accounted for only 6 % of HVA, while L-, N- and R-type Ca2+ channels each accounted for around one-third of the somatic calcium current.
193 Both ionotropic NMDA and non-NMDA autoreceptors are activated by glutamate released from primary and secondary dendrites. In contrast to non-NMDA autoreceptors, NMDA autoreceptors are almost exclusively located on secondary dendrites and their activation generates a large and sustained self-excitation. Both intracellularly evoked and miniature NMDA-R mediated synaptic potentials are blocked by intracellular BAPTA and result from a calcium-dependent release of glutamate
194 Both X and Y relay neurons receive inputs from TRN axons. The X neurons are innervated both within the glomerulus and above the glomerulus on the middle of the denritic tree (SOBIV p301, 305).
195 but not LTP or LTD (SOBiv p90).
196 but not LTP or LTD (SOBiv p90).Motoneurons have a high density of AMPA receptors (Vandenberghe et al, JNS 20: 7158, 2000). There is evidence that "glutamate receptor-mediated Ca2+ influx, intracellular Ca2+ accumulation, and subsequent cell death" may be involved in the mechanism of selective motoneuron degeneration in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
197 but not LTP or LTD (SOBiv p90).Postnatal development and properties of these receptors were studied with whole-cell and outside-out patch-clamp. The conductance and relative distribution were independent of age from postnatal day 4 to 14. The results also suggested that their properties differ from those in spinal cord interneurons
198 but the postsynaptic target is most likely amacrine cells (SOBiv p238).
199 By combining intracellular recordings and two-photon microscopy imaging of [Ca]i in rat it was shown that APs backpropagate at full amplitude up to the tuft
200 By combining intracellular recordings and two-photon microscopy imaging of [Ca]i it was shown that AP propagate at full amplitude up to the most distal branches