Dentate gyrus (Morgan et al. 2007, 2008, Santhakumar et al. 2005, Dyhrfjeld-Johnsen et al. 2007)

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Accession:124513
This model was implemented by Rob Morgan in the Soltesz lab at UC Irvine. It is a scaleable model of the rat dentate gyrus including four cell types. This model runs in serial (on a single processor) and has been published at the size of 50,000 granule cells (with proportional numbers of the other cells).
Reference:
1 . Santhakumar V, Aradi I, Soltesz I (2005) Role of mossy fiber sprouting and mossy cell loss in hyperexcitability: a network model of the dentate gyrus incorporating cell types and axonal topography. J Neurophysiol 93:437-53 [PubMed]
2 . Dyhrfjeld-Johnsen J, Santhakumar V, Morgan RJ, Huerta R, Tsimring L, Soltesz I (2007) Topological determinants of epileptogenesis in large-scale structural and functional models of the dentate gyrus derived from experimental data. J Neurophysiol 97:1566-87 [PubMed]
3 . Morgan RJ, Soltesz I (2008) Nonrandom connectivity of the epileptic dentate gyrus predicts a major role for neuronal hubs in seizures. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:6179-84 [PubMed]
4 . Morgan RJ, Santhakumar V, Soltesz I (2007) Modeling the dentate gyrus. Prog Brain Res 163:639-58 [PubMed]
Citations  Citation Browser
Model Information (Click on a link to find other models with that property)
Model Type: Realistic Network;
Brain Region(s)/Organism: Dentate gyrus;
Cell Type(s): Dentate gyrus granule cell; Dentate gyrus mossy cell; Dentate gyrus basket cell; Dentate gyrus hilar cell;
Channel(s):
Gap Junctions:
Receptor(s):
Gene(s):
Transmitter(s):
Simulation Environment: NEURON;
Model Concept(s): Epilepsy;
Implementer(s): Bezaire, Marianne [mariannejcase at gmail.com]; Morgan, Robert [polomav at gmail.com];
Search NeuronDB for information about:  Dentate gyrus granule cell;
Files displayed below are from the implementation
/
dentate_gyrus
500net
README.html
bgka.mod *
CaBK.mod
ccanl.mod *
Gfluct2.mod
gskch.mod *
hyperde3.mod *
ichan2.mod *
inhsyn.mod
LcaMig.mod *
nca.mod
ppsyn.mod
tca.mod *
50knet.hoc
bcdist.hoc
bcell.bcell
bcell.gcell
bcell.hcell *
bcell.mcell
gcdist.hoc
gcell.bcell
gcell.gcell
gcell.hcell
gcell.mcell
hcdist.hoc
hcell.bcell
hcell.gcell
hcell.hcell *
hcell.mcell
mcdist.hoc
mcell.bcell
mcell.gcell
mcell.hcell
mcell.mcell
mosinit.hoc
parameters.dat
pbc.hoc
pgc.hoc
phc.hoc
pmc.hoc
run50knet.bash
screenshot.jpg
                            
TITLE nca.mod  
 
COMMENT
konduktivitas valtozas hatasa- somaban 
ENDCOMMENT
 
UNITS {
        (mA) =(milliamp)
        (mV) =(millivolt)
        (uF) = (microfarad)
	(molar) = (1/liter)
	(nA) = (nanoamp)
	(mM) = (millimolar)
	(um) = (micron)
	FARADAY = 96520 (coul)
	R = 8.3134	(joule/degC)
}
 
? interface 
NEURON { 
SUFFIX nca
USEION nca READ enca WRITE inca VALENCE 2 
RANGE  gnca
RANGE gncabar
RANGE cinf, ctau, dinf, dtau, inca
}
 
INDEPENDENT {t FROM 0 TO 100 WITH 100 (ms)}
 
PARAMETER {
        v (mV) 
        celsius = 6.3 (degC)
        dt (ms) 
	gncabar (mho/cm2)
}
 
STATE {
	c d
}
 
ASSIGNED {
	  gnca (mho/cm2)
	inca (mA/cm2)
	enca (mV)

	cinf dinf
	ctau (ms) dtau (ms) 
	cexp dexp      
} 

? currents
BREAKPOINT {
	SOLVE states
        gnca = gncabar*c*c*d
	inca = gnca*(v-enca)
}
 
UNITSOFF
 
INITIAL {
	trates(v)
	c = cinf
	d = dinf
}

? states
PROCEDURE states() {	:Computes state variables m, h, and n 
        trates(v)	:      at the current v and dt.
	c = c + cexp*(cinf-c)
	d = d + dexp*(dinf-d)
        VERBATIM
        return 0;
        ENDVERBATIM
}
 
LOCAL q10

? rates
PROCEDURE rates(v) {  :Computes rate and other constants at current v.
                      :Call once from HOC to initialize inf at resting v.
        LOCAL  alpha, beta, sum
       q10 = 3^((celsius - 6.3)/10)
                :"c" NCa activation system
        alpha = -0.19*vtrap(v-19.88,-10)
	beta = 0.046*exp(-v/20.73)
	sum = alpha+beta        
	ctau = 1/sum      cinf = alpha/sum
                :"d" NCa inactivation system
	alpha = 0.00016*exp(-v/48.4) : this line was corrected to match the equation in Aradi and Holmes (1999, page 6)
	beta = 1/(exp((-v+39)/10)+1)
	sum = alpha+beta        
	dtau = 1/sum      dinf = alpha/sum
}
 
PROCEDURE trates(v) {  :Computes rate and other constants at current v.
                      :Call once from HOC to initialize inf at resting v.
	LOCAL tinc
        TABLE  cinf, cexp, dinf, dexp, ctau, dtau
	DEPEND dt, celsius FROM -100 TO 100 WITH 200
                           
	rates(v)	: not consistently executed from here if usetable_hh == 1
		: so don't expect the tau values to be tracking along with
		: the inf values in hoc

	       tinc = -dt * q10
	cexp = 1 - exp(tinc/ctau)
	dexp = 1 - exp(tinc/dtau)
}
 
FUNCTION vtrap(x,y) {  :Traps for 0 in denominator of rate eqns.
        if (fabs(x/y) < 1e-6) {
                vtrap = y*(1 - x/y/2)
        }else{  
                vtrap = x/(exp(x/y) - 1)
        }
}
 
UNITSON