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CA1 pyramidal cell: reconstructed axonal arbor and failures at weak gap junctions (Vladimirov 2011)
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Accession:
144401
Model of pyramidal CA1 cells connected by gap junctions in their axons. Cell geometry is based on anatomical reconstruction of rat CA1 cell (NeuroMorpho.Org ID: NMO_00927) with long axonal arbor. Model init_2cells.hoc shows failures of second spike propagation in a spike doublet, depending on conductance of an axonal gap junction. Model init_ring.hoc shows that spike failure result in reentrant oscillations of a spike in a loop of axons connected by gap junctions, where one gap junction is weak. The paper shows that in random networks of axons connected by gap junctions, oscillations are driven by single pacemaker loop of axons. The shortest loop, around which a spike can travel, is the most likely pacemaker. This principle allows us to predict the frequency of oscillations from network connectivity and visa versa. We propose that this type of oscillations corresponds to so-called fast ripples in epileptic hippocampus.
Reference:
1 .
Vladimirov N, Tu Y, Traub RD (2012) Shortest Loops are Pacemakers in Random Networks of Electrically Coupled Axons.
Front Comput Neurosci
6
:17
[
PubMed
]
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Model Information
(Click on a link to find other models with that property)
Model Type:
Realistic Network;
Axon;
Brain Region(s)/Organism:
Hippocampus;
Cell Type(s):
Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal GLU cell;
Channel(s):
I Na,t;
I A;
I K;
I M;
I K,Ca;
I Calcium;
I Potassium;
Gap Junctions:
Gap junctions;
Receptor(s):
Gene(s):
Transmitter(s):
Simulation Environment:
NEURON;
Model Concept(s):
Oscillations;
Axonal Action Potentials;
Epilepsy;
Conduction failure;
Implementer(s):
Vladimirov, Nikita ;
Search NeuronDB
for information about:
Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal GLU cell
;
I Na,t
;
I A
;
I K
;
I M
;
I K,Ca
;
I Calcium
;
I Potassium
;
/
VladimirovTuTraub2012
readme.html
bias.mod
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cal.mod
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gap.mod
*
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Synaptic gating at axonal branches, and sharp-wave ripples with replay (Vladimirov et al. 2013)
ipulse1.mod
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ka.mod
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kahp.mod
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kc.mod
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A single column thalamocortical network model (Traub et al 2005)
Cell splitting in neural networks extends strong scaling (Hines et al. 2008)
Deconstruction of cortical evoked potentials generated by subthalamic DBS (Kumaravelu et al 2018)
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kdr.mod
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Cell splitting in neural networks extends strong scaling (Hines et al. 2008)
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km.mod
*
Other models using km.mod:
A single column thalamocortical network model (Traub et al 2005)
Cell splitting in neural networks extends strong scaling (Hines et al. 2008)
Deconstruction of cortical evoked potentials generated by subthalamic DBS (Kumaravelu et al 2018)
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naf.mod
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Other models using naf.mod:
A single column thalamocortical network model (Traub et al 2005)
Cell splitting in neural networks extends strong scaling (Hines et al. 2008)
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2cellsGUI.ses
cellTemplate.hoc
gapjunction.hoc
init_2cells.hoc
init_ring.hoc
mosinit.hoc
ringGUI.ses
screenshot1.jpg
screenshot2.jpg
screenshot3.jpg
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