Amyloid-beta effects on release probability and integration at CA3-CA1 synapses (Romani et al. 2013)

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Accession:147757
The role of amyloid beta (Aß) in brain function and in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease remains elusive. Recent publications reported that an increase in Aß concentration perturbs presynaptic release in hippocampal neurons, in particular by increasing release probability of CA3-CA1 synapses. The model predics how this alteration can affect synaptic plasticity and signal integration. The results suggest that the perturbation of release probability induced by increased Aß can significantly alter the spike probability of CA1 pyramidal neurons and thus contribute to abnormal hippocampal function during Alzheimer’s disease.
Reference:
1 . Romani A, Marchetti C, Bianchi D, Leinekugel X, Poirazi P, Migliore M, Marie H (2013) Computational modeling of the effects of amyloid-beta on release probability at hippocampal synapses. Front Comput Neurosci 7:1 [PubMed]
Citations  Citation Browser
Model Information (Click on a link to find other models with that property)
Model Type: Neuron or other electrically excitable cell; Synapse;
Brain Region(s)/Organism: Hippocampus;
Cell Type(s): Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal GLU cell;
Channel(s): I Na,t; I A; I K; I M; I h; I Calcium; I_AHP;
Gap Junctions:
Receptor(s): AMPA;
Gene(s):
Transmitter(s): Glutamate;
Simulation Environment: NEURON;
Model Concept(s): Synaptic Plasticity; Short-term Synaptic Plasticity; Facilitation; Depression; Synaptic Integration; Aging/Alzheimer`s;
Implementer(s): Bianchi, Daniela [danielabianchi12 -at- gmail.com]; Romani, Armando [romani.armando -at- gmail.com];
Search NeuronDB for information about:  Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal GLU cell; AMPA; I Na,t; I A; I K; I M; I h; I Calcium; I_AHP; Glutamate;
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RomaniEtAl2013
template
BasalPath.hoc *
ExperimentControl.hoc *
ObliquePath.hoc *
RangeRef.hoc *
                            
// This function centralizes parameters so that we won't confuse experimental variable bindings with 
// neurophysiological variable bindings
// written by Terrence Brannon, modified by Yiota Poirazi, July 2001, poirazi@LNC.usc.edu
 

begintemplate ExperimentControl

public morphology_dir, generic_dir, data_dir 
strdef morphology_dir, generic_dir, data_dir

public syscmd
strdef syscmd

public tmp_str, tmp_str2, tmp_str3
strdef tmp_str, tmp_str2, tmp_str3, tmp_str_internal

public defvar, self_define
public add_lib_dir, xopen_geometry_dependent, xopen_generic, xopen_library

public printfile, create_variable

objref this, filep

objref tmpo, tmpo2, tmpo3
public tmpo, tmpo2, tmpo3

objref grapho[20], fileo[20]
public grapho, fileo

proc init () {
  print "object ExperimentControl created.\n"
  sprint(tmp_str,"show_errmess_always(%d)",$1)
  execute1(tmp_str)

  verbose_level=$2

  variable_dump_cleared=0
}


proc clear_variable_dump() {
  sprint(tmp_str, "system(\"rm -rf %s/variable_dump\")", data_dir)
  execute1(tmp_str)
}

proc defvar() {
  if (!variable_dump_cleared) {
    clear_variable_dump()
    variable_dump_cleared=1
  }
    
  sprint(tmp_str,"%s = %s", $s2, $s3)
  execute1(tmp_str)
  dump_variable($s1,$s2,$s3,$s4)
}

proc dump_variable() {
/*
 if (unix_mac_pc()==1) {	// only the original unix platform currently is setup to write data files

    filep=new File()

    sprint(tmp_str,"%s/variable_dump",data_dir)
    filep.aopen(tmp_str)
    filep.printf("%s\n%s\n%s\n%s\n\n", $s1, $s2, $s3, $s4)
    filep.close()
  }*/
}

proc create_variable() {
  sprint(tmp_str_internal,"%s=%s",$s1,$s2)
  execute1(tmp_str_internal)
}


proc self_define() {
  this = $o1
}

proc xopen_geometry_dependent() {
  sprint(tmp_str,"xopen(\"%s/%s.hoc\")",morphology_dir,$s1)
  execute1(tmp_str)
}

proc xopen_generic() {
  sprint(tmp_str,"xopen(\"%s/%s.hoc\")",generic_dir,$s1)
  execute1(tmp_str)
}

proc xopen_library() {
  sprint(tmp_str, "%s.tmp_str2=lib_dir_%s",this,$s1)
  execute1(tmp_str)
  sprint(tmp_str3,"xopen(\"%s/%s.hoc\")",tmp_str2,$s2)
  print tmp_str3
  execute1(tmp_str3)
}

proc printfile() {
  sprint(tmp_str2, "%s/%s.ps", $s1,$s2)
  tmpo.printfile(tmp_str2)
}

proc add_lib_dir() {
  sprint(tmp_str,"strdef lib_dir_%s",$s1)
  execute1(tmp_str)
  sprint(tmp_str,"lib_dir_%s=\"%s\"",$s1,$s2)
  execute1(tmp_str)
}

endtemplate ExperimentControl