Hierarchical Gaussian Filter (HGF) model of conditioned hallucinations task (Powers et al 2017)

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Accession:229278
This is an instantiation of the Hierarchical Gaussian Filter (HGF) model for use with the Conditioned Hallucinations Task.
Reference:
1 . Powers AR, Mathys C, Corlett PR (2017) Pavlovian conditioning-induced hallucinations result from overweighting of perceptual priors. Science 357:596-600 [PubMed]
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Model Information (Click on a link to find other models with that property)
Model Type:
Brain Region(s)/Organism:
Cell Type(s):
Channel(s):
Gap Junctions:
Receptor(s):
Gene(s):
Transmitter(s):
Simulation Environment: MATLAB;
Model Concept(s): Hallucinations;
Implementer(s): Powers, Al [albert.powers at yale.edu]; Mathys, Chris H ;
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HGF
analysis
hgfToolBox_condhalluc1.4
README
COPYING *
example_binary_input.txt
example_categorical_input.mat
example_usdchf.txt
Manual.pdf
tapas_autocorr.m
tapas_bayes_optimal.m
tapas_bayes_optimal_binary.m
tapas_bayes_optimal_binary_config.m
tapas_bayes_optimal_binary_transp.m
tapas_bayes_optimal_categorical.m
tapas_bayes_optimal_categorical_config.m
tapas_bayes_optimal_categorical_transp.m
tapas_bayes_optimal_config.m
tapas_bayes_optimal_transp.m
tapas_bayes_optimal_whatworld.m
tapas_bayes_optimal_whatworld_config.m
tapas_bayes_optimal_whatworld_transp.m
tapas_bayes_optimal_whichworld.m
tapas_bayes_optimal_whichworld_config.m
tapas_bayes_optimal_whichworld_transp.m
tapas_bayesian_parameter_average.m
tapas_beta_obs.m
tapas_beta_obs_config.m
tapas_beta_obs_namep.m
tapas_beta_obs_sim.m
tapas_beta_obs_transp.m
tapas_boltzmann.m
tapas_cdfgaussian_obs.m
tapas_cdfgaussian_obs_config.m
tapas_cdfgaussian_obs_transp.m
tapas_condhalluc_obs.m
tapas_condhalluc_obs_config.m
tapas_condhalluc_obs_namep.m
tapas_condhalluc_obs_sim.m
tapas_condhalluc_obs_transp.m
tapas_condhalluc_obs2.m
tapas_condhalluc_obs2_config.m
tapas_condhalluc_obs2_namep.m
tapas_condhalluc_obs2_sim.m
tapas_condhalluc_obs2_transp.m
tapas_Cov2Corr.m
tapas_datagen_categorical.m
tapas_fit_plotCorr.m
tapas_fit_plotResidualDiagnostics.m
tapas_fitModel.m
tapas_gaussian_obs.m
tapas_gaussian_obs_config.m
tapas_gaussian_obs_namep.m
tapas_gaussian_obs_sim.m
tapas_gaussian_obs_transp.m
tapas_hgf.m
tapas_hgf_ar1.m
tapas_hgf_ar1_binary.m
tapas_hgf_ar1_binary_config.m
tapas_hgf_ar1_binary_namep.m
tapas_hgf_ar1_binary_plotTraj.m
tapas_hgf_ar1_binary_transp.m
tapas_hgf_ar1_config.m
tapas_hgf_ar1_mab.m
tapas_hgf_ar1_mab_config.m
tapas_hgf_ar1_mab_plotTraj.m
tapas_hgf_ar1_mab_transp.m
tapas_hgf_ar1_namep.m
tapas_hgf_ar1_plotTraj.m
tapas_hgf_ar1_transp.m
tapas_hgf_binary.m
tapas_hgf_binary_condhalluc_plotTraj.m
tapas_hgf_binary_config.m
tapas_hgf_binary_config_startpoints.m
tapas_hgf_binary_mab.m
tapas_hgf_binary_mab_config.m
tapas_hgf_binary_mab_plotTraj.m
tapas_hgf_binary_mab_transp.m
tapas_hgf_binary_namep.m
tapas_hgf_binary_plotTraj.m
tapas_hgf_binary_pu.m
tapas_hgf_binary_pu_config.m
tapas_hgf_binary_pu_namep.m
tapas_hgf_binary_pu_tbt.m
tapas_hgf_binary_pu_tbt_config.m
tapas_hgf_binary_pu_tbt_namep.m
tapas_hgf_binary_pu_tbt_transp.m
tapas_hgf_binary_pu_transp.m
tapas_hgf_binary_transp.m
tapas_hgf_categorical.m
tapas_hgf_categorical_config.m
tapas_hgf_categorical_namep.m
tapas_hgf_categorical_norm.m
tapas_hgf_categorical_norm_config.m
tapas_hgf_categorical_norm_transp.m
tapas_hgf_categorical_plotTraj.m
tapas_hgf_categorical_transp.m
tapas_hgf_config.m
tapas_hgf_demo.m
tapas_hgf_demo_commands.m
tapas_hgf_jget.m
tapas_hgf_jget_config.m
tapas_hgf_jget_plotTraj.m
tapas_hgf_jget_transp.m
tapas_hgf_namep.m
tapas_hgf_plotTraj.m
tapas_hgf_transp.m
tapas_hgf_whatworld.m
tapas_hgf_whatworld_config.m
tapas_hgf_whatworld_namep.m
tapas_hgf_whatworld_plotTraj.m
tapas_hgf_whatworld_transp.m
tapas_hgf_whichworld.m
tapas_hgf_whichworld_config.m
tapas_hgf_whichworld_namep.m
tapas_hgf_whichworld_plotTraj.m
tapas_hgf_whichworld_transp.m
tapas_hhmm.m
tapas_hhmm_binary_displayResults.m
tapas_hhmm_config.m
tapas_hhmm_transp.m
tapas_hmm.m
tapas_hmm_binary_displayResults.m
tapas_hmm_config.m
tapas_hmm_transp.m
tapas_kf.m
tapas_kf_config.m
tapas_kf_namep.m
tapas_kf_plotTraj.m
tapas_kf_transp.m
tapas_logit.m
tapas_logrt_linear_binary.m
tapas_logrt_linear_binary_config.m
tapas_logrt_linear_binary_minimal.m
tapas_logrt_linear_binary_minimal_config.m
tapas_logrt_linear_binary_minimal_transp.m
tapas_logrt_linear_binary_namep.m
tapas_logrt_linear_binary_sim.m
tapas_logrt_linear_binary_transp.m
tapas_logrt_linear_whatworld.m
tapas_logrt_linear_whatworld_config.m
tapas_logrt_linear_whatworld_transp.m
tapas_ph_binary.m
tapas_ph_binary_config.m
tapas_ph_binary_namep.m
tapas_ph_binary_plotTraj.m
tapas_ph_binary_transp.m
tapas_quasinewton_optim.m
tapas_quasinewton_optim_config.m
tapas_riddersdiff.m
tapas_riddersdiff2.m
tapas_riddersdiffcross.m
tapas_riddersgradient.m
tapas_riddershessian.m
tapas_rs_belief.m
tapas_rs_belief_config.m
tapas_rs_precision.m
tapas_rs_precision_config.m
tapas_rs_precision_whatworld.m
tapas_rs_precision_whatworld_config.m
tapas_rs_surprise.m
tapas_rs_surprise_config.m
tapas_rs_transp.m
tapas_rs_whatworld_transp.m
tapas_rw_binary.m
tapas_rw_binary_config.m
tapas_rw_binary_dual.m
tapas_rw_binary_dual_config.m
tapas_rw_binary_dual_plotTraj.m
tapas_rw_binary_dual_transp.m
tapas_rw_binary_namep.m
tapas_rw_binary_plotTraj.m
tapas_rw_binary_transp.m
tapas_sgm.m
tapas_simModel.m
tapas_softmax.m
tapas_softmax_2beta.m
tapas_softmax_2beta_config.m
tapas_softmax_2beta_transp.m
tapas_softmax_binary.m
tapas_softmax_binary_config.m
tapas_softmax_binary_namep.m
tapas_softmax_binary_sim.m
tapas_softmax_binary_transp.m
tapas_softmax_config.m
tapas_softmax_namep.m
tapas_softmax_sim.m
tapas_softmax_transp.m
tapas_squared_pe.m
tapas_squared_pe_config.m
tapas_squared_pe_transp.m
tapas_sutton_k1_binary.m
tapas_sutton_k1_binary_config.m
tapas_sutton_k1_binary_plotTraj.m
tapas_sutton_k1_binary_transp.m
tapas_unitsq_sgm.m
tapas_unitsq_sgm_config.m
tapas_unitsq_sgm_mu3.m
tapas_unitsq_sgm_mu3_config.m
tapas_unitsq_sgm_mu3_transp.m
tapas_unitsq_sgm_namep.m
tapas_unitsq_sgm_sim.m
tapas_unitsq_sgm_transp.m
                            
function c = tapas_condhalluc_obs_config
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%
% Contains the configuration for the response model used to analyze data from conditioned
% hallucination paradigm by Powers & Corlett
%
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%
% The rationale for this model is as follows:
%
% We apply decision noise (i.e., a logistic sigmoid, see below) to the probability that the subject
% says “yes” on a given trial:
%
% p( yes | belief ) = sigmoid( belief ),
%
% where belief = p( tone | percept, light ),
%
% and where in turn “percept” is the subjective experience of hearing (or not hearing) a tone, while
% “tone” is the objective presentation of a tone, and “light” is the presentation of a light.
%
% In trial where there is a tone, we may use Bayes’ theorem to get the belief:
%
% belief = p( tone | percept, light ) = p( percept | tone )*p( tone | light ) / (p( percept |
%                 tone )*p( tone | light ) + p( percept | no tone )*p( no tone | light ))
%
% Unpacking the various ingredients, we have
%
% - p( percept | tone ) is given by experimental design: the true positive rate of the tone
%   presented without light at each trial - 1/4, 1/2, or 3/4
%
% - p( tone | light ) is the prior from learning using the HGF: mu1hat
%
% - p( percept | no tone ) is the false positive rate, which we can take to be 1 - mu1hat
%
% - p( no tone | light ) is the other half of the prior: 1 - mu1hat
%
% In trials where there is no tone, the belief is mu1hat.
%
% The logistic sigmoid is
%
% f(x) = 1/(1+exp(-beta*(v1-v0))),
%
% where v1 and v0 are the values of options 1 and 0, respectively, and beta > 0 is a parameter that
% determines the slope of the sigmoid. Beta is sometimes referred to as the (inverse) decision
% temperature. In the formulation above, it represents the probability of choosing option 1.
% Reversing the roles of v1 and v0 yields the probability of choosing option 0.
%
% Beta can be interpreted as inverse decision noise. To have a shrinkage prior on this, choose a
% high value. It is estimated log-space since it has a natural lower bound at zero. In general, v1
% and v0 can be any real numbers.
%
% This observation model expects the first column of the input matrix to contain the outcomes
% (corresponding in this case to the choices of the subject): 1 or 0 for each trial. The SECOND
% COLUMN of the input matrix is expected to contain the true-positive rate of the stimulus for
% each trial. The response matrix only contains one column consisting of the choices of the
% subject. This means that it will be identical to the first column of the input matrix.
%
% --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
% Copyright (C) 2015 Christoph Mathys, TNU, UZH & ETHZ
%
% This file is part of the HGF toolbox, which is released under the terms of the GNU General Public
% Licence (GPL), version 3. You can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GPL
% (either version 3 or, at your option, any later version). For further details, see the file
% COPYING or <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.

% Config structure
c = struct;

% Model name
c.model = 'tapas_condhalluc_obs';

% Sufficient statistics of Gaussian parameter priors

% Beta
c.logbemu = log(48);
c.logbesa = 1;

% Gather prior settings in vectors
c.priormus = [
    c.logbemu,...
         ];

c.priorsas = [
    c.logbesa,...
         ];

% Model filehandle
c.obs_fun = @tapas_condhalluc_obs;

% Handle to function that transforms observation parameters to their native space
% from the space they are estimated in
c.transp_obs_fun = @tapas_condhalluc_obs_transp;

return;