Olfactory bulb network model of gamma oscillations (Bathellier et al. 2006; Lagier et al. 2007)

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This model implements a network of 100 mitral cells connected with asynchronous inhibitory "synapses" that is meant to reproduce the GABAergic transmission of ensembles of connected granule cells. For appropriate parameters of this special synapse the model generates gamma oscillations with properties very similar to what is observed in olfactory bulb slices (See Bathellier et al. 2006, Lagier et al. 2007). Mitral cells are modeled as single compartment neurons with a small number of different voltage gated channels. Parameters were tuned to reproduce the fast subthreshold oscillation of the membrane potential observed experimentally (see Desmaisons et al. 1999).
1 . Bathellier B, Lagier S, Faure P, Lledo PM (2006) Circuit properties generating gamma oscillations in a network model of the olfactory bulb. J Neurophysiol 95:2678-91 [PubMed]
2 . Lagier S, Panzanelli P, Russo RE, Nissant A, Bathellier B, Sassoè-Pognetto M, Fritschy JM, Lledo PM (2007) GABAergic inhibition at dendrodendritic synapses tunes gamma oscillations in the olfactory bulb. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:7259-64 [PubMed]
3 . Bathellier B, Lagier S, Faure P, Lledo PM (2006) Corrigendum for Bathellier et al., J Neurophysiol 95 (4) 2678-2691. J Neurophysiol 95:3961-3962
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Model Information (Click on a link to find other models with that property)
Model Type: Realistic Network;
Brain Region(s)/Organism: Olfactory bulb;
Cell Type(s): Olfactory bulb main mitral GLU cell;
Channel(s): I Na,p; I Na,t; I A; I K;
Gap Junctions:
Receptor(s): GabaA;
Simulation Environment: C or C++ program;
Model Concept(s): Oscillations; Delay; Olfaction;
Search NeuronDB for information about:  Olfactory bulb main mitral GLU cell; GabaA; I Na,p; I Na,t; I A; I K;

	Synapse.h												   JJS 10/01/95
		part of CONICAL, the Computational Neuroscience Class Library
	A synapse is a channel whose conductance in  Vsink depends on spiking 
    events from VSource.  

	This class also defines a Vthresh variable, which may be used (by
	derived classes) as the threshold voltage for neurotransmitter release,
	and pulseTime, which defines the duration of a transmitter pulse.  The
	exact use and meaning of these variables may vary.

		Channel			-- base class

#ifndef SYNAPSE_H
#define SYNAPSE_H

#include "ChannelRk4.h"

class Synapse : public Channel

	Synapse( VSink *pTo, VSource *pComp, real pMaxG=0 )		// constructor
	: Channel( pTo, pComp, pMaxG ), t(0), Vthresh(0), pulseTime(1) {}
	virtual void Step( const real dt ){ NULL;}		// Null method

	// public variables
	real Vthresh;		// presynaptic V threshold for transmitter release
	real pulseTime;		// duration of a transmitter pulse


	real t;				// time since itsComp->GetV() > Vthresh