A spatial model of the intermediate superior colliculus (Moren et. al. 2013)

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A spatial model of the intermediate superior colliculus. It reproduces the collicular saccade-generating output profile from NMDA receptor-driven burst neurons, shaped by integrative inhibitory feedback from spreading buildup neuron activity. The model is consistent with the view that collicular activity directly shapes the temporal profile of saccadic eye movements. We use the Adaptive exponential integrate and fire neuron model, augmented with an NMDA-like membrane potential-dependent receptor. In addition, we use a synthetic spike integrator model as a stand-in for a spike-integrator circuit in the reticular formation. NOTE: We use a couple of custom neuron models, so the supplied model file includes an entire version of NEST. I also include a patch that applies to a clean version of the simulator (see the doc/README).
1 . Morén J, Shibata T, Doya K (2013) The mechanism of saccade motor pattern generation investigated by a large-scale spiking neuron model of the superior colliculus. PLoS One 8:e57134 [PubMed]
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Model Information (Click on a link to find other models with that property)
Model Type: Realistic Network; Connectionist Network;
Brain Region(s)/Organism: Superior colliculus;
Cell Type(s): Abstract integrate-and-fire adaptive exponential (AdEx) neuron;
Gap Junctions:
Receptor(s): NMDA;
Simulation Environment: NEST; Python;
Model Concept(s): Activity Patterns; Bursting; Spatio-temporal Activity Patterns; Action Selection/Decision Making;
Search NeuronDB for information about:  NMDA;
dld_link.c *
dlopen.c *
dyld.c *
load_add_on.c *
loadlibrary.c *
preopen.c *
shl_load.c *
/* loader-dld_link.c -- dynamic linking with dld

   Copyright (C) 1998, 1999, 2000, 2004, 2006,
                 2007, 2008 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
   Written by Thomas Tanner, 1998

   NOTE: The canonical source of this file is maintained with the
   GNU Libtool package.  Report bugs to bug-libtool@gnu.org.

GNU Libltdl is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

As a special exception to the GNU Lesser General Public License,
if you distribute this file as part of a program or library that
is built using GNU Libtool, you may include this file under the
same distribution terms that you use for the rest of that program.

GNU Libltdl is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
GNU Lesser General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
License along with GNU Libltdl; see the file COPYING.LIB.  If not, a
copy can be downloaded from  http://www.gnu.org/licenses/lgpl.html,
or obtained by writing to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA.

#include "lt__private.h"
#include "lt_dlloader.h"

/* Use the preprocessor to rename non-static symbols to avoid namespace
   collisions when the loader code is statically linked into libltdl.
   Use the "<module_name>_LTX_" prefix so that the symbol addresses can
   be fetched from the preloaded symbol list by lt_dlsym():  */
#define get_vtable	dld_link_LTX_get_vtable

LT_SCOPE lt_dlvtable *get_vtable (lt_user_data loader_data);

/* Boilerplate code to set up the vtable for hooking this loader into
   libltdl's loader list:  */
static int	 vl_exit  (lt_user_data loader_data);
static lt_module vm_open  (lt_user_data loader_data, const char *filename,
                           lt_dladvise advise);
static int	 vm_close (lt_user_data loader_data, lt_module module);
static void *	 vm_sym   (lt_user_data loader_data, lt_module module,
			  const char *symbolname);

static lt_dlvtable *vtable = 0;

/* Return the vtable for this loader, only the name and sym_prefix
   attributes (plus the virtual function implementations, obviously)
   change between loaders.  */
lt_dlvtable *
get_vtable (lt_user_data loader_data)
  if (!vtable)
      vtable = lt__zalloc (sizeof *vtable);

  if (vtable && !vtable->name)
      vtable->name		= "lt_dld_link";
      vtable->module_open	= vm_open;
      vtable->module_close	= vm_close;
      vtable->find_sym		= vm_sym;
      vtable->dlloader_exit	= vl_exit;
      vtable->dlloader_data	= loader_data;
      vtable->priority		= LT_DLLOADER_APPEND;

  if (vtable && (vtable->dlloader_data != loader_data))
      return 0;

  return vtable;

/* --- IMPLEMENTATION --- */

#if defined(HAVE_DLD_H)
#  include <dld.h>

/* A function called through the vtable when this loader is no
   longer needed by the application.  */
static int
vl_exit (lt_user_data LT__UNUSED loader_data)
  vtable = NULL;
  return 0;

/* A function called through the vtable to open a module with this
   loader.  Returns an opaque representation of the newly opened
   module for processing with this loader's other vtable functions.  */
static lt_module
vm_open (lt_user_data LT__UNUSED loader_data, const char *filename,
         lt_dladvise LT__UNUSED advise)
  lt_module module = lt__strdup (filename);

  if (dld_link (filename) != 0)
      FREE (module);

  return module;

/* A function called through the vtable when a particular module
   should be unloaded.  */
static int
vm_close (lt_user_data LT__UNUSED loader_data, lt_module module)
  int errors = 0;

  if (dld_unlink_by_file ((char*)(module), 1) != 0)
      FREE (module);

  return errors;

/* A function called through the vtable to get the address of
   a symbol loaded from a particular module.  */
static void *
vm_sym (lt_user_data LT__UNUSED loader_data, lt_module LT__UNUSED module,
	const char *name)
  void *address = dld_get_func (name);

  if (!address)

  return address;