Ketamine disrupts theta modulation of gamma in a computer model of hippocampus (Neymotin et al 2011)

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Accession:139421
"Abnormalities in oscillations have been suggested to play a role in schizophrenia. We studied theta-modulated gamma oscillations in a computer model of hippocampal CA3 in vivo with and without simulated application of ketamine, an NMDA receptor antagonist and psychotomimetic. Networks of 1200 multi-compartment neurons (pyramidal, basket and oriens-lacunosum moleculare, OLM, cells) generated theta and gamma oscillations from intrinsic network dynamics: basket cells primarily generated gamma and amplified theta, while OLM cells strongly contributed to theta. ..."
Reference:
1 . Neymotin SA, Lazarewicz MT, Sherif M, Contreras D, Finkel LH, Lytton WW (2011) Ketamine disrupts theta modulation of gamma in a computer model of hippocampus Journal of Neuroscience 31(32):11733-11743 [PubMed]
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Model Information (Click on a link to find other models with that property)
Model Type: Realistic Network;
Brain Region(s)/Organism: Hippocampus;
Cell Type(s): Hippocampus CA3 pyramidal cell; Hippocampus CA3 interneuron basket cell; Hippocampus CA3 stratum oriens lacunosum-moleculare interneuron;
Channel(s): I L high threshold; I A; I K; I K,Ca;
Gap Junctions:
Receptor(s): GabaA; NMDA; Glutamate;
Gene(s): HCN1; HCN2;
Transmitter(s): Gaba; Glutamate;
Simulation Environment: NEURON; Python;
Model Concept(s): Oscillations; Synchronization; Therapeutics; Pathophysiology; Schizophrenia; Information transfer; Brain Rhythms;
Implementer(s): Lazarewicz, Maciej [mlazarew at gmu.edu]; Neymotin, Sam [samn at neurosim.downstate.edu];
Search NeuronDB for information about:  Hippocampus CA3 pyramidal cell; Hippocampus CA3 interneuron basket cell; GabaA; NMDA; Glutamate; I L high threshold; I A; I K; I K,Ca; Gaba; Glutamate;
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hpcdemo
readme.html
CA1ih.mod *
CA1ika.mod *
CA1ikdr.mod *
CA1ina.mod *
caolmw.mod *
capr.mod *
icaolmw.mod *
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MyExp2Syn.mod *
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MyExp2SynNMDA.mod *
MyExp2SynNMDABB.mod *
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: $Id: iholmw.mod,v 1.2 2010/11/30 16:34:22 samn Exp $ 
COMMENT

//%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
//
// NOTICE OF COPYRIGHT AND OWNERSHIP OF SOFTWARE
//
// Copyright 2007, The University Of Pennsylvania
// 	School of Engineering & Applied Science.
//   All rights reserved.
//   For research use only; commercial use prohibited.
//   Distribution without permission of Maciej T. Lazarewicz not permitted.
//   mlazarew@seas.upenn.edu
//
//%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%

ENDCOMMENT

UNITS {
  (mA) = (milliamp)
  (mV) = (millivolt)
  (mS) = (millisiemens)
}

NEURON {
  SUFFIX Iholmw
  NONSPECIFIC_CURRENT i
  RANGE gh,eh
}
	
PARAMETER {
  gh = 0.15 (mS/cm2)
  eh = -40  (mV)
}
    
ASSIGNED { 
  v (mV)
  i (mA/cm2)
}

STATE { q }

PROCEDURE iassign () { i = (1e-3) * gh * q * (v-eh) }

INITIAL { 
  q  = qinf(v) 
  iassign()
}

BREAKPOINT {
  SOLVE states METHOD cnexp
  iassign()
}

DERIVATIVE states { q' = (qinf(v)-q)/qtau(v) }

FUNCTION qinf(v(mV))     { qinf = fun2(v, -80, 1, 10)*1(ms) }
FUNCTION qtau(v(mV))(ms) { qtau = 200(ms)/(exp((v+70(mV))/20(mV))+exp(-(v+70(mV))/20(mV))) + 5(ms) }

INCLUDE "aux_fun.inc"