Synthesis of spatial tuning functions from theta cell spike trains (Welday et al., 2011)

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A single compartment model reproduces the firing rate maps of place, grid, and boundary cells by receiving inhibitory inputs from theta cells. The theta cell spike trains are modulated by the rat's movement velocity in such a way that phase interference among their burst pattern creates spatial envelope function which simulate the firing rate maps.
1 . Welday AC, Shlifer IG, Bloom ML, Zhang K, Blair HT (2011) Cosine directional tuning of theta cell burst frequencies: evidence for spatial coding by oscillatory interference. J Neurosci 31:16157-76 [PubMed]
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Model Information (Click on a link to find other models with that property)
Model Type: Neuron or other electrically excitable cell;
Brain Region(s)/Organism:
Cell Type(s): Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal GLU cell; Hippocampus CA3 pyramidal GLU cell; Entorhinal cortex stellate cell;
Channel(s): I Na,p;
Gap Junctions:
Receptor(s): GabaA; AMPA;
Transmitter(s): Gaba; Glutamate;
Simulation Environment: NEURON; MATLAB;
Model Concept(s): Synchronization; Envelope synthesis; Grid cell; Place cell/field;
Implementer(s): Blair, Hugh T.;
Search NeuronDB for information about:  Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal GLU cell; Hippocampus CA3 pyramidal GLU cell; GabaA; AMPA; I Na,p; Gaba; Glutamate;
// This hoc file reproduces the simulation of a place cell in a circular environment from Fig. 9C of Welday et al.
// Before running this simulation, the theta cell spike trains from which the place cell is formed must first be created
// and saved in files. This is done by running the MATLAB script 'place_thetaspikes.m' from within the simulation directory.
// Since we are modeling a 1 hour recording session (3600 seconds), the simulation runs for a long time. To maximize speed 
// and performance, you may wish to close the graph windows that plot the voltage trace (Graph[2]) and the spike raster
// (SpikePlot[0] for NetData[0]) before hitting the 'Init & Run' button to start the simulation.
// To save the glace cell's spike times when the simulation finishes, type:
//   >>load_file("savespikes.hoc")
// at the interpreter prompt after the simulation has finished running. Spikes will be saved in a file called 'SPIKOUT.dat',  
// and you can then create a path plot of the simulated grid cell's spike output by running the MATLAB script 'plotnrn.m'.
// The place cell is formed by a target neuron that receives inhibitory input from twelve theta cells.  


// -----------------------------------------------------------------
// read theta cell spike trains from disk files into NEURON vectors
// -----------------------------------------------------------------

load_file("") 	//create vecstim objects for delivering theta spike trains to the model neuron

numinputs = 12				//number of inhibitory theta inputs to the model neuron

objref evec[numinputs] 			//array of event vectors (VecStim.mod) for reading theta spike trains
objref spikefile       			//file object through which to read in theta cell spike times from disk
objref pplist          			//list of point processes containing theta spike trains
objref vmvec
objref vmfile

spikefile = new File()
pplist = new List()

vmfile = new File()

load_file("read_place_theta_spikes.hoc")  //read in theta cell spike timestamps from files

// --------------------------------------------------------------
// build a single-compartment postsynaptic cell
// --------------------------------------------------------------

ra        = 150 	// axial resistance through cytoplasm (ohms)
global_ra = ra		
rm        = 15000 	// passive membrane resistance (ohms) 
c_m       = 1   	// membrane capacitance (microFarads per centimeter squared, uF/cm^2)

create soma		//single somatic compartment
access soma

{L=10/PI  diam=10}
Ra = ra
cm = c_m 

vmvec = new Vector()

//Insert voltage-activated persistent sodium current (Nap.mod)
    insert nap
    gbar_nap=0.00005	//Nap conductance
    sh_nap=-16		//Nap voltage activation threshold shift parameter (mV)

//Insert Hodkin-Huxley kinetics (hh.mod, standard NEURON mechanism)
    insert hh
    gkbar_hh=0.005	//delayed rectifier K+ conductance
    gnabar_hh=0.05	//voltage-gated Na+ conductance
    el_hh=-65		//leak reversal potential 
    gl_hh=1/rm		//leak conductance

// --------------------------------------------------------------
// connect theta spike train inputs to the model neuron
// --------------------------------------------------------------

objref nclist          			//list of netcon objects for synaptic connections
nclist = new List()

load_file("") //GABA-A synapses are simulated by modifying an AMPA current (found in ampa.mod)
//Convert AMPA currents to GABA
Erev_AMPA_S=-80			//set reversal potential to -80 mV to convert the AMPA synapse to GABA
Beta_AMPA_S=.12			//slow down the decay time a little bit for GABA currents
synw=.001			//conductance of GABA synapses

for i=0,numinputs-1 {

nclist.append(new NetCon(pplist.o(i), AMPA_S[i], -20, 1, synw)) //make the input connections



// ------------------------------------------------------------------------
// store model neuron's spike times in a vector to be saved later if needed
// ------------------------------------------------------------------------

objref spiketimes	//vector in which to store timestamps of spikes generated by the model neuron
objref spikenc		//netcon object through which spikes are passed into the 'spiketimes' vector
objref null		//null object

spiketimes = new Vector()
spikenc = new NetCon(&v(0.5), null)
spikenc.threshold = -25    // store a spike timestamp if the postsynaptic membrane voltage exceeds -20 mV
spikenc.record(spiketimes) // record the spike times to the 'spiketimes' vector

//To save the postsynaptic neuron's spike times, type:
//   >>load_file("savespikes.hoc")
//at the interpreter prompt after the simulation has finished running.
//Spikes will be saved in a file called 'SPIKOUT.dat'.  MATLAB code 
//(plotnrn.m) is provided for generating a "path plot" of the model 
//neuron's spatial tuning function from the 'SPIKEOUT.dat' file.