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Interaural time difference detection by slowly integrating neurons (Vasilkov Tikidji-Hamburyan 2012)
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For localization of a sound source, animals and humans process the microsecond interaural time differences of arriving sound waves. How nervous systems, consisting of elements with time constants of about and more than 1 ms, can reach such high precision is still an open question. This model shows that population of 10000 slowly integrating Hodgkin-Huxley neurons with inhibitory and excitatory inputs (EI neurons) can detect minute temporal disparities in input signals which are significantly less than any time constant in the system.
Vasilkov VA, Tikidji-Hamburyan RA (2012) Accurate detection of interaural time differences by a population of slowly integrating neurons.
Phys Rev Lett
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Tikidji-Hamburyan, Ruben [ruben.tikidji.hamburyan at gmail.com] ;
Vasilkov, Viacheslav [vasilkov.va at gmail.com];
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