An oscillatory neural model of multiple object tracking (Kazanovich and Borisyuk 2006)

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Accession:79145
An oscillatory neural network model of multiple object tracking is described. The model works with a set of identical visual objects moving around the screen. At the initial stage, the model selects into the focus of attention a subset of objects initially marked as targets. Other objects are used as distractors. The model aims to preserve the initial separation between targets and distractors while objects are moving. This is achieved by a proper interplay of synchronizing and desynchronizing interactions in a multilayer network, where each layer is responsible for tracking a single target. The results of the model simulation are presented and compared with experimental data. In agreement with experimental evidence, simulations with a larger number of targets have shown higher error rates. Also, the functioning of the model in the case of temporarily overlapping objects is presented.
Reference:
1 . Kazanovich Y, Borisyuk R (2006) An oscillatory neural model of multiple object tracking. Neural Comput 18:1413-40 [PubMed]
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Model Information (Click on a link to find other models with that property)
Model Type: Connectionist Network;
Brain Region(s)/Organism:
Cell Type(s):
Channel(s):
Gap Junctions:
Receptor(s):
Gene(s):
Transmitter(s):
Simulation Environment: C or C++ program;
Model Concept(s): Oscillations; Spatio-temporal Activity Patterns; Simplified Models;
Implementer(s): Kazanovich, Yakov [yakov_k at impb.psn.ru]; Borisyuk, Roman [rborisyuk at plymouth.ac.uk];
// Attention.cpp : Defines the class behaviors for the application.
//

#include "stdafx.h"
#include "Attention.h"

#include "MainFrm.h"
#include "AttentionDoc.h"
#include "AttentionView.h"

#ifdef _DEBUG
#define new DEBUG_NEW
#undef THIS_FILE
static char THIS_FILE[] = __FILE__;
#endif

/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// CAttentionApp

BEGIN_MESSAGE_MAP(CAttentionApp, CWinApp)
	//{{AFX_MSG_MAP(CAttentionApp)
	ON_COMMAND(ID_APP_ABOUT, OnAppAbout)
		// NOTE - the ClassWizard will add and remove mapping macros here.
		//    DO NOT EDIT what you see in these blocks of generated code!
	//}}AFX_MSG_MAP
	// Standard file based document commands
	ON_COMMAND(ID_FILE_NEW, CWinApp::OnFileNew)
	ON_COMMAND(ID_FILE_OPEN, CWinApp::OnFileOpen)
	// Standard print setup command
	ON_COMMAND(ID_FILE_PRINT_SETUP, CWinApp::OnFilePrintSetup)
END_MESSAGE_MAP()

/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// CAttentionApp construction

CAttentionApp::CAttentionApp()
{
	// TODO: add construction code here,
	// Place all significant initialization in InitInstance
}

/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// The one and only CAttentionApp object

CAttentionApp theApp;

/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// CAttentionApp initialization

BOOL CAttentionApp::InitInstance()
{
	// Standard initialization
	// If you are not using these features and wish to reduce the size
	//  of your final executable, you should remove from the following
	//  the specific initialization routines you do not need.

#ifdef _AFXDLL
	Enable3dControls();			// Call this when using MFC in a shared DLL
#else
	Enable3dControlsStatic();	// Call this when linking to MFC statically
#endif

	// Change the registry key under which our settings are stored.
	// TODO: You should modify this string to be something appropriate
	// such as the name of your company or organization.
	SetRegistryKey(_T("Local AppWizard-Generated Applications"));

	LoadStdProfileSettings();  // Load standard INI file options (including MRU)

	// Register the application's document templates.  Document templates
	//  serve as the connection between documents, frame windows and views.

	CSingleDocTemplate* pDocTemplate;
	pDocTemplate = new CSingleDocTemplate(
		IDR_MAINFRAME,
		RUNTIME_CLASS(CAttentionDoc),
		RUNTIME_CLASS(CMainFrame),       // main SDI frame window
		RUNTIME_CLASS(CAttentionView));
	AddDocTemplate(pDocTemplate);

	// Parse command line for standard shell commands, DDE, file open
	CCommandLineInfo cmdInfo;
	ParseCommandLine(cmdInfo);

	// Dispatch commands specified on the command line
	if (!ProcessShellCommand(cmdInfo))
		return FALSE;

	// The one and only window has been initialized, so show and update it.
	m_pMainWnd->ShowWindow(SW_SHOW);
	m_pMainWnd->UpdateWindow();

	return TRUE;
}


/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// CAboutDlg dialog used for App About

class CAboutDlg : public CDialog
{
public:
	CAboutDlg();

// Dialog Data
	//{{AFX_DATA(CAboutDlg)
	enum { IDD = IDD_ABOUTBOX };
	//}}AFX_DATA

	// ClassWizard generated virtual function overrides
	//{{AFX_VIRTUAL(CAboutDlg)
	protected:
	virtual void DoDataExchange(CDataExchange* pDX);    // DDX/DDV support
	//}}AFX_VIRTUAL

// Implementation
protected:
	//{{AFX_MSG(CAboutDlg)
		// No message handlers
	//}}AFX_MSG
	DECLARE_MESSAGE_MAP()
};

CAboutDlg::CAboutDlg() : CDialog(CAboutDlg::IDD)
{
	//{{AFX_DATA_INIT(CAboutDlg)
	//}}AFX_DATA_INIT
}

void CAboutDlg::DoDataExchange(CDataExchange* pDX)
{
	CDialog::DoDataExchange(pDX);
	//{{AFX_DATA_MAP(CAboutDlg)
	//}}AFX_DATA_MAP
}

BEGIN_MESSAGE_MAP(CAboutDlg, CDialog)
	//{{AFX_MSG_MAP(CAboutDlg)
		// No message handlers
	//}}AFX_MSG_MAP
END_MESSAGE_MAP()

// App command to run the dialog
void CAttentionApp::OnAppAbout()
{
	CAboutDlg aboutDlg;
	aboutDlg.DoModal();
}

/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// CAttentionApp message handlers