Pyramidal neuron conductances state and STDP (Delgado et al. 2010)

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Neocortical neurons in vivo process each of their individual inputs in the context of ongoing synaptic background activity, produced by the thousands of presynaptic partners a typical neuron has. That background activity affects multiple aspects of neuronal and network function. However, its effect on the induction of spike-timing dependent plasticity (STDP) is not clear. Using the present biophysically-detailed computational model, it is not only able to replicate the conductance-dependent shunting of dendritic potentials (Delgado et al,2010), but show that synaptic background can truncate calcium dynamics within dendritic spines, in a way that affects potentiation more strongly than depression. This program uses a simplified layer 2/3 pyramidal neuron constructed in NEURON. It was similar to the model of Traub et al., J Neurophysiol. (2003), and consisted of a soma, an apical shaft, distal dendrites, five basal dendrites, an axon, and a single spine. The spine’s location was variable along the apical shaft (initial 50 μm) and apical. The axon contained an axon hillock region, an initial segment, segments with myelin, and nodes of Ranvier, in order to have realistic action potential generation. For more information about the model see supplemental material, Delgado et al 2010.
1 . Delgado JY, Gómez-González JF, Desai NS (2010) Pyramidal neuron conductance state gates spike-timing-dependent plasticity. J Neurosci 30:15713-25 [PubMed]
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Model Information (Click on a link to find other models with that property)
Model Type: Neuron or other electrically excitable cell;
Brain Region(s)/Organism: Auditory cortex;
Cell Type(s): Neocortex L2/3 pyramidal GLU cell;
Channel(s): I Na,p; I Sodium; I Calcium; I Potassium; I_AHP;
Gap Junctions:
Receptor(s): AMPA; NMDA;
Simulation Environment: NEURON;
Model Concept(s): Action Potentials; STDP; Calcium dynamics; Conductance distributions; Audition;
Implementer(s): Gomez-Gonzalez, JF [jfcgomez at]; Delgado JY, [jyamir at];
Search NeuronDB for information about:  Neocortex L2/3 pyramidal GLU cell; AMPA; NMDA; I Na,p; I Sodium; I Calcium; I Potassium; I_AHP;
TITLE minimal model of AMPA receptors


        Minimal kinetic model for glutamate AMPA receptors

  Model of Destexhe, Mainen & Sejnowski, 1994:

        (closed) + T <-> (open)

  The simplest kinetics are considered for the binding of transmitter (T)
  to open postsynaptic receptors.   The corresponding equations are in
  similar form as the Hodgkin-Huxley model:

        dr/dt = alpha * [T] * (1-r) - beta * r

        I = gmax * [open] * (V-Erev)

  where [T] is the transmitter concentration and r is the fraction of 
  receptors in the open form.

  If the time course of transmitter occurs as a pulse of fixed duration,
  then this first-order model can be solved analytically, leading to a very
  fast mechanism for simulating synaptic currents, since no differential
  equation must be solved (see Destexhe, Mainen & Sejnowski, 1994).


  Based on voltage-clamp recordings of AMPA receptor-mediated currents in rat
  hippocampal slices (Xiang et al., J. Neurophysiol. 71: 2552-2556, 1994), this
  model was fit directly to experimental recordings in order to obtain the
  optimal values for the parameters (see Destexhe, Mainen and Sejnowski, 1996).


  This mod file includes a mechanism to describe the time course of transmitter
  on the receptors.  The time course is approximated here as a brief pulse
  triggered when the presynaptic compartment produces an action potential.
  The pointer "pre" represents the voltage of the presynaptic compartment and
  must be connected to the appropriate variable in oc.


  See details in:

  Destexhe, A., Mainen, Z.F. and Sejnowski, T.J.  An efficient method for
  computing synaptic conductances based on a kinetic model of receptor binding
  Neural Computation 6: 10-14, 1994.  

  Destexhe, A., Mainen, Z.F. and Sejnowski, T.J.  Kinetic models of 
  synaptic transmission.  In: Methods in Neuronal Modeling (2nd edition; 
  edited by Koch, C. and Segev, I.), MIT press, Cambridge, 1998, pp. 1-25.

    (electronic copy available at

  Written by Alain Destexhe, Laval University, 1995

Modified by M. Badoual, 2004



	  RANGE onset,periodpre, periodpost, delta,nbrepre, nbrepost, change, tau0, tau1, g,gmax, e, i,C
	  RANGE Cmax
      GLOBAL Erev,Cdur
    (celsius) = (degC)        
	(nA) = (nanoamp)
    (mV) = (millivolt)
    (umho) = (micromho)
    (mM) = (milli/liter)

	onset = 100  (ms)
	periodpre = 0 (ms)	:periode
	delta= 10 (ms)		:temps entre pre et post
	nbrepre=1			:nbre de repetitions
	tau0 = 1	 (ms)		: 0.34
	tau1 = 3	 (ms)		: 2.0
    Erev = 0    (mV)            : reversal potential
	Cmax = 1	(mM)		: max transmitter concentration
	Cdur	= 1	(ms)		: transmitter duration (rising phase)
    gmax = 0.001 (umho)          : maximum conductance (original value 0.002)

        v               (mV)            : postsynaptic voltage
        i               (nA)            : current = g*(v - Erev)
        g               (umho)          : conductance
        C		(mM)		: transmitter concentration

LOCAL   a[2]
LOCAL   tpeak
LOCAL   adjust
LOCAL   amp

	C = 0

    g = cond(t,onset)
	C = trans(t,onset)
	if (nbrepre>1) {
	  FROM j=1 TO (nbrepre-1) {
	    g = g+cond(t,onset+j*periodpre)
		C = C+trans(t,onset+j*periodpre)
        i = g*(v - Erev)

FUNCTION myexp(x) {
	if (x < -100) {
	myexp = 0
	myexp = exp(x)

FUNCTION cond(x (ms), onset1 (ms)) (umho) {
	if (x < onset1) {
		cond = 0
		cond = amp*(a[0]-a[1])

FUNCTION trans(x (ms), onset1 (ms)) (mM) {
	if ((x>onset1) && (x-onset1<=Cdur)) {
	} else {