Status epilepticus (SE) leads to changes in dentate inhibitory neuronal networks and alters synaptic and tonic inhibition in granule cells. Recently, we identified that one week after pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus, dentate fast-spiking basket cells (FS-BCs), which underlie fast perisomatic inhibition, show two distinct changes in inhibition: (1) enhanced tonic currents (IGABA) and (2)depolarizing shift in GABA reversal (EGABA) following SE. These two changes can have opposing effects on neuronal inhibition with increases in tonic GABA conductance (gGABA) reducing excitability when the GABA currents are shunting (or hyperpolarizing) and potentially enhancing excitability when GABA currents are depolarizing. The following model is used to examine the post-SE changes in tonic GABA conductance, together with the depolarized GABA reversal potential modify FS-BC excitability and dentate network activity.
Yu J, Proddutur A, Elgammal FS, Ito T, Santhakumar V (2013) Status epilepticus enhances tonic GABA currents and depolarizes GABA reversal potential in dentate fast-spiking basket cells. J Neurophysiol 109:1746-63 [PubMed]