Hyperexcitability from Nav1.2 channel loss in neocortical pyramidal cells (Spratt et al accepted)

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Accession:267067
Based on the Layer 5 thick-tufted pyramidal cell from the Blue Brain Project, we modify the distribution of the sodium channel Nav1.2 to recapitulate an increase in excitability observed in ex vivo slice experiments.
Model Information (Click on a link to find other models with that property)
Model Type: Neuron or other electrically excitable cell;
Brain Region(s)/Organism: Prefrontal cortex (PFC);
Cell Type(s): Neocortex layer 5 pyramidal cell;
Channel(s): I h; I M; I Potassium; I Sodium; I L high threshold; I T low threshold;
Gap Junctions:
Receptor(s):
Gene(s): Nav1.2 SCN2A;
Transmitter(s):
Simulation Environment: NEURON; Python;
Model Concept(s):
Implementer(s): Ben-Shalom, Roy [bens.roy at gmail.com]; Kyoung, Henry [hkyoung at berkeley.edu];
Search NeuronDB for information about:  I L high threshold; I T low threshold; I M; I h; I Sodium; I Potassium;
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SprattEtAl2021
Na12 Analysis
mechanisms
branching.mod *
Ca_HVA.mod *
Ca_LVAst.mod *
CaDynamics_E2.mod *
Ih.mod *
Im.mod *
K_Pst.mod *
K_Tst.mod *
na12.mod
na12_mut.mod
na1216.mod *
na1216_mut.mod *
na16.mod
na8st.mod *
Nap_Et2.mod *
NaTa_t.mod *
NaTs2_t.mod *
nax8st.mod *
ProbAMPANMDA_EMS.mod *
ProbGABAAB_EMS.mod *
SK_E2.mod *
SKv3_1.mod *
vclmp_pl.mod *
26412.tmp *
                            
:Comment :
:Reference : :		Reuveni, Friedman, Amitai, and Gutnick, J.Neurosci. 1993

NEURON	{
	SUFFIX Ca_HVA
	USEION ca READ eca WRITE ica
	RANGE gCa_HVAbar, gCa_HVA, ica 
}

UNITS	{
	(S) = (siemens)
	(mV) = (millivolt)
	(mA) = (milliamp)
}

PARAMETER	{
	gCa_HVAbar = 0.00001 (S/cm2) 
}

ASSIGNED	{
	v	(mV)
	eca	(mV)
	ica	(mA/cm2)
	gCa	(S/cm2)
	mInf
	mTau
	mAlpha
	mBeta
	hInf
	hTau
	hAlpha
	hBeta
}

STATE	{ 
	m
	h
}

BREAKPOINT	{
	SOLVE states METHOD cnexp
	gCa = gCa_HVAbar*m*m*h
	ica = gCa*(v-eca)
}

DERIVATIVE states	{
	rates()
	m' = (mInf-m)/mTau
	h' = (hInf-h)/hTau
}

INITIAL{
	rates()
	m = mInf
	h = hInf
}

PROCEDURE rates(){
	UNITSOFF
        if((v == -27) ){        
            v = v+0.0001
        }
		mAlpha =  (0.055*(-27-v))/(exp((-27-v)/3.8) - 1)        
		mBeta  =  (0.94*exp((-75-v)/17))
		mInf = mAlpha/(mAlpha + mBeta)
		mTau = 1/(mAlpha + mBeta)
		hAlpha =  (0.000457*exp((-13-v)/50))
		hBeta  =  (0.0065/(exp((-v-15)/28)+1))
		hInf = hAlpha/(hAlpha + hBeta)
		hTau = 1/(hAlpha + hBeta)
	UNITSON
}