Models that contain the Implementer : Costa, Rui Ponte [ruipontecosta at]

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    Models   Description
1.  Memory savings through unified pre- and postsynaptic STDP (Costa et al 2015)
Although it is well known that long-term synaptic plasticity can be expressed both pre- and postsynaptically, the functional consequences of this arrangement have remained elusive. We show that spike-timing-dependent plasticity with both pre- and postsynaptic expression develops receptive fields with reduced variability and improved discriminability compared to postsynaptic plasticity alone. These long-term modifications in receptive field statistics match recent sensory perception experiments. In these simulations we demonstrate that learning with this form of plasticity leaves a hidden postsynaptic memory trace that enables fast relearning of previously stored information, providing a cellular substrate for memory savings. Our results reveal essential roles for presynaptic plasticity that are missed when only postsynaptic expression of long-term plasticity is considered, and suggest an experience-dependent distribution of pre- and postsynaptic strength changes.
2.  Prob. Inference of Short-Term Synaptic Plasticity in Neocort. Microcircuits (Costa et al. 2013)
" ... As a solution (for Short Term Plasticity (STP) inference), we introduce a Bayesian formulation, which yields the posterior distribution over the model parameters given the data. First, we show that common STP protocols yield broad distributions over some model parameters. Using our result we propose a experimental protocol to more accurately determine synaptic dynamics parameters. Next, we infer the model parameters using experimental data from three different neocortical excitatory connection types. This reveals connection-specific distributions, which we use to classify synaptic dynamics. Our approach to demarcate connection-specific synaptic dynamics is an important improvement on the state of the art and reveals novel features from existing data."
3.  Statistical Long-term Synaptic Plasticity (statLTSP) (Costa et al 2017)
In this paper we introduce a new statistical view of long-term synaptic plasticity, in which the postsynaptic responses are optimised towards a bound (or target). This in turn explains a wide range of experimental data.

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