MEG of Somatosensory Neocortex (Jones et al. 2007)

 Download zip file   Auto-launch 
Help downloading and running models
Accession:113732
"... To make a direct and principled connection between the SI (somatosensory primary neocortex magnetoencephalography) waveform and underlying neural dynamics, we developed a biophysically realistic computational SI model that contained excitatory and inhibitory neurons in supragranular and infragranular layers. ... our model provides a biophysically realistic solution to the MEG signal and can predict the electrophysiological correlates of human perception."
Reference:
1 . Jones SR, Pritchett DL, Stufflebeam SM, Hamalainen M, Moore CI (2007) Neural correlates of tactile detection: a combined magnetoencephalography and biophysically based computational modeling study. J Neurosci 27:10751-64 [PubMed]
Model Information (Click on a link to find other models with that property)
Model Type: Realistic Network;
Brain Region(s)/Organism:
Cell Type(s): Neocortex layer 5-6 pyramidal cell; Neocortex layer 2-3 pyramidal cell;
Channel(s): I T low threshold; I K; I M; I K,Ca; I Sodium; I Calcium; I R;
Gap Junctions:
Receptor(s): GabaA; GabaB; AMPA; NMDA;
Gene(s):
Transmitter(s): Gaba; Glutamate;
Simulation Environment: NEURON;
Model Concept(s): Magnetoencephalography;
Implementer(s): Sikora, Michael [Sikora at umn.edu];
Search NeuronDB for information about:  Neocortex layer 5-6 pyramidal cell; Neocortex layer 2-3 pyramidal cell; GabaA; GabaB; AMPA; NMDA; I T low threshold; I K; I M; I K,Ca; I Sodium; I Calcium; I R; Gaba; Glutamate;

Jones SR, Pritchett DL, Stufflebeam SM, Hamalainen M, Moore CI (2007) Neural correlates of tactile detection: a combined magnetoencephalography and biophysically based computational modeling study. J Neurosci 27:10751-64[PubMed]

References and models cited by this paper

References and models that cite this paper

Allison T, Goff WR, Williamson PD, Vangilder JC (1980) On the neural origin of early components of the human somatosensory evoked potential. Clinical uses of cerebral, brain-stem and spinal somatosensory evoked potentials. Progress in clinical neurophysiology, Desmedt JE, ed. pp.51

Arezzo J, Legatt AD, Vaughan HG (1979) Topography and intracranial sources of somatosensory evoked potentials in the monkey. I. Early components. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 46:155-72

Arezzo JC, Vaughan HG, Legatt AD (1981) Topography and intracranial sources of somatosensory evoked potentials in the monkey. II. Cortical components. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 51:1-18

Bannister AP (2005) Inter- and intra-laminar connections of pyramidal cells in the neocortex. Neurosci Res 53:95-103 [PubMed]

Barth DS, Di S (1991) Laminar excitability cycles in neocortex. J Neurophysiol 65:891-8 [PubMed]

Bauer M, Oostenveld R, Peeters M, Fries P (2006) Tactile spatial attention enhances gamma-band activity in somatosensory cortex and reduces low-frequency activity in parieto-occipital areas. J Neurosci 26:490-501 [PubMed]

Bekkers JM (2000) Properties of voltage-gated potassium currents in nucleated patches from large layer 5 cortical pyramidal neurons of the rat. J Physiol 525 Pt 3:593-609 [PubMed]

Bernardo KL, McCasland JS, Woolsey TA (1990) Local axonal trajectories in mouse barrel cortex. Exp Brain Res 82:247-53 [PubMed]

Bernardo KL, McCasland JS, Woolsey TA, Strominger RN (1990) Local intra- and interlaminar connections in mouse barrel cortex. J Comp Neurol 291:231-55 [PubMed]

Braun C, Haug M, Wiech K, Birbaumer N, Elbert T, Roberts LE (2002) Functional organization of primary somatosensory cortex depends on the focus of attention. Neuroimage 17:1451-8 [PubMed]

Brenner D, Lipton J, Kaufman L, Williamson SJ (1978) Somatically evoked magnetic fields of the human brain. Science 199:81-3 [PubMed]

Bush PC, Sejnowski TJ (1993) Reduced compartmental models of neocortical pyramidal cells. J Neurosci Methods 46:159-66 [PubMed]

Castro-Alamancos MA, Connors BW (1996) Spatiotemporal properties of short-term plasticity sensorimotor thalamocortical pathways of the rat. J Neurosci 16:2767-79 [PubMed]

Cauller LJ, Clancy B, Connors BW (1998) Backward cortical projections to primary somatosensory cortex in rats extend long horizontal axons in layer I. J Comp Neurol 390:297-310 [PubMed]

Cauller LJ, Connors BW (1994) Synaptic physiology of horizontal afferents to layer I in slices of rat SI neocortex. J Neurosci 14:751-62 [PubMed]

Cauller LJ, Kulics AT (1991) The neural basis of the behaviorally relevant N1 component of the somatosensory-evoked potential in SI cortex of awake monkeys: evidence that backward cortical projections signal conscious touch sensation. Exp Brain Res 84:607-19 [PubMed]

Crick F, Koch C (2003) A framework for consciousness. Nat Neurosci 6:119-26 [PubMed]

Dai H (1995) On measuring psychometric functions: a comparison of the constant-stimulus and adaptive up-down methods. J Acoust Soc Am 98:3135-9 [PubMed]

Danckert J, Goodale MA (2000) A conscious route to unconscious vision. Curr Biol 10:R64-7 [PubMed]

David O, Harrison L, Friston KJ (2005) Modelling event-related responses in the brain. Neuroimage 25:756-70 [PubMed]

David O, Kiebel SJ, Harrison LM, Mattout J, Kilner JM, Friston KJ (2006) Dynamic causal modeling of evoked responses in EEG and MEG. Neuroimage 30:1255-72 [PubMed]

David O, Kilner JM, Friston KJ (2006) Mechanisms of evoked and induced responses in MEG-EEG. Neuroimage 31:1580-91 [PubMed]

de Lafuente V, Romo R (2005) Neuronal correlates of subjective sensory experience. Nat Neurosci 8:1698-703 [PubMed]

de Lafuente V, Romo R (2006) Neural correlate of subjective sensory experience gradually builds up across cortical areas. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:14266-71 [PubMed]

Desmedt JE (1988) Somatosensory evoked potentials. EEG handbook, Picton TW, ed. pp.245

Deuchars J, West DC, Thomson AM (1994) Relationships between morphology and physiology of pyramid-pyramid single axon connections in rat neocortex in vitro. J Physiol 478 Pt 3:423-35 [PubMed]

Di S, Baumgartner C, Barth DS (1990) Laminar analysis of extracellular field potentials in rat vibrissa-barrel cortex. J Neurophysiol 63:832-40 [PubMed]

Douglas RJ, Martin KA (2004) Neuronal circuits of the neocortex. Annu Rev Neurosci 27:419-51 [PubMed]

Douglas RJ, Martin KA, Whitteridge D (1991) An intracellular analysis of the visual responses of neurones in cat visual cortex. J Physiol 440:659-96 [PubMed]

Drevets WC, Burton H, Videen TO, Snyder AZ, Simpson JR, Raichle ME (1995) Blood flow changes in human somatosensory cortex during anticipated stimulation. Nature 373:249-52 [PubMed]

Druschky K, Kaltenhauser M, Hummel C, Druschky A, Huk WJ, Neundörfer B, Stefan H (2003) Somatosensory evoked magnetic fields following passive movement compared with tactile stimulation of the index finger. Exp Brain Res 148:186-95 [PubMed]

Eimer M, Forster B (2003) Modulations of early somatosensory ERP components by transient and sustained spatial attention. Exp Brain Res 151:24-31 [PubMed]

Elston GN, Benavides-Piccione R, DeFelipe J (2001) The pyramidal cell in cognition: a comparative study in human and monkey. J Neurosci 21:RC163-31 [PubMed]

Ergenoglu T, Demiralp T, Bayraktaroglu Z, Ergen M, Beydagi H, Uresin Y (2004) Alpha rhythm of the EEG modulates visual detection performance in humans. Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 20:376-83 [PubMed]

Feldmeyer D, bke J, Silver RA, Sakmann B (2002) Synaptic connections between layer 4 spiny neurone-layer 2-3 pyramidal cell pairs in juvenile rat barrel cortex: physiology and anatomy of interlaminar signalling within a cortical column. J Physiol 538:803-22 [PubMed]

Felleman DJ, Van Essen DC (2004) Distributed hierarchical processing in the primate cerebral cortex. Cereb Cortex 1:1-47 [PubMed]

Fischl B, Dale AM (2000) Measuring the thickness of the human cerebral cortex from magnetic resonance images. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 97:11050-5 [PubMed]

Forss N, Hari R, Salmelin R, Ahonen A, Hamalainen M, Kajola M, Knuutila J, Simola J (1994) Activation of the human posterior parietal cortex by median nerve stimulation. Exp Brain Res 99:309-15 [PubMed]

Forss N, Merlet I, Vanni S, Hamalainen M, Mauguière F, Hari R (1996) Activation of human mesial cortex during somatosensory target detection task. Brain Res 734:229-35 [PubMed]

Forss N, Salmelin R, Hari R (1994) Comparison of somatosensory evoked fields to airpuff and electric stimuli. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 92:510-7 [PubMed]

Freund TF, Magloczky Z, Soltesz I, Somogyi P (1986) Synaptic connections, axonal and dendritic patterns of neurons immunoreactive for cholecystokinin in the visual cortex of the cat. Neuroscience 19:1133-59 [PubMed]

Friedman DP, Jones EG (1980) Focal projection of electrophysiologically defined groupings of thalamic cells on the monkey somatic sensory cortex. Brain Res 191:249-52 [PubMed]

Friedman DP, Jones EG, Burton H (1980) Representation pattern in the second somatic sensory area of the monkey cerebral cortex. J Comp Neurol 192:21-41 [PubMed]

Garabedian CE, Jones SR, Merzenich MM, Dale A, Moore CI (2003) Band-pass response properties of rat SI neurons. J Neurophysiol 90:1379-91 [Journal] [PubMed]

García-Larrea L, Bastuji H, Mauguière F (2004) Mapping study of somatosensory evoked potentials during selective spatial attention. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 80:201-14 [PubMed]

Gardner EP, Hamalainen HA, Warren S, Davis J, Young W (1984) Somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) and cortical single unit responses elicited by mechanical tactile stimuli in awake monkeys. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 58:537-52 [PubMed]

Geyer S, Schleicher A, Zilles K (1997) The somatosensory cortex of human: cytoarchitecture and regional distributions of receptor-binding sites. Neuroimage 6:27-45 [PubMed]

Golmayo L, Nuñez A, Zaborszky L (2003) Electrophysiological evidence for the existence of a posterior cortical-prefrontal-basal forebrain circuitry in modulating sensory responses in visual and somatosensory rat cortical areas. Neuroscience 119:597-609 [PubMed]

Gonzalez Andino SL, Michel CM, Thut G, Landis T, Grave de Peralta R (2005) Prediction of response speed by anticipatory high-frequency (gamma band) oscillations in the human brain. Hum Brain Mapp 24:50-8 [PubMed]

Guillery RW, Sherman SM (2002) Thalamic relay functions and their role in corticocortical communication: generalizations from the visual system. Neuron 33:163-75 [PubMed]

Hamalainen M, Hari R, Ilmoniemi R, Knuutila J, Lounasmaa O (1993) Magnetoencephalography. Theory, instrumentation and applications to the noninvasive study of human brain function Rev Mod Phys 65:413-497

Hamalainen MS, Sarvas J (1989) Realistic conductivity geometry model of the human head for interpretation of neuromagnetic data. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 36:165-71 [PubMed]

Hari R, Aittoniemi K, Jarvinen ML, Katila T, Varpula T (1980) Auditory evoked transient and sustained magnetic fields of the human brain. Localization of neural generators. Exp Brain Res 40:237-40 [PubMed]

Hari R, Forss N (1999) Magnetoencephalography in the study of human somatosensory cortical processing. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 354:1145-54 [PubMed]

Hasselmo ME (1995) Neuromodulation and cortical function: modeling the physiological basis of behavior. Behav Brain Res 67:1-27 [PubMed]

Hoechstetter K, Rupp A, Meinck HM, Weckesser D, Bornfleth H, Stippich C, Berg P, Scherg M (2000) Magnetic source imaging of tactile input shows task-independent attention effects in SII. Neuroreport 11:2461-5 [PubMed]

Hoechstetter K, Rupp A, Stancak A, Meinck HM, Stippich C, Berg P, Scherg M (2001) Interaction of tactile input in the human primary and secondary somatosensory cortex--a magnetoencephalographic study. Neuroimage 14:759-67 [PubMed]

Hsiao SS, O'Shaughnessy DM, Johnson KO (1993) Effects of selective attention on spatial form processing in monkey primary and secondary somatosensory cortex. J Neurophysiol 70:444-7 [Journal] [PubMed]

Iguchi Y, Hoshi Y, Tanosaki M, Taira M, Hashimoto I (2005) Attention induces reciprocal activity in the human somatosensory cortex enhancing relevant- and suppressing irrelevant inputs from fingers. Clin Neurophysiol 116:1077-87 [PubMed]

Ikeda H, Wang Y, Okada YC (2005) Origins of the somatic N20 and high-frequency oscillations evoked by trigeminal stimulation in the piglets. Clin Neurophysiol 116:827-41 [PubMed]

Jackson ME, Cauller LJ (1998) Neural activity in SII modifies sensory evoked potentials in SI in awake rats. Neuroreport 9:3379-82 [PubMed]

Jones EG (1986) Connectivity of the primary sensory-motor cortex. Cerebral cortex. Sensory-motor areas and aspects of cortical connectivity, Ed 2 :113-183

Jones EG (1998) Viewpoint: the core and matrix of thalamic organization. Neuroscience 85:331-45 [PubMed]

Jones EG (2001) The thalamic matrix and thalamocortical synchrony. Trends Neurosci 24:595-601 [PubMed]

Jones SR, Pinto DJ, Kaper TJ, Kopell N (2001) Alpha-frequency rhythms desynchronize over long cortical distances: a modeling study. J Comput Neurosci 9:271-91 [Journal] [PubMed]

Kaas JH, Garraghty PE (1991) Hierarchical, parallel, and serial arrangements of sensory cortical areas: connection patterns and functional aspects. Curr Opin Neurobiol 1:248-51 [PubMed]

Kakigi R, Hoshiyama M, Shimojo M, Naka D, Yamasaki H, Watanabe S, Xiang J, Maeda K, Lam K, It (2000) The somatosensory evoked magnetic fields. Prog Neurobiol 61:495-523 [PubMed]

Kandel A, Buzsaki G (1997) Cellular-synaptic generation of sleep spindles, spike-and-wave discharges, and evoked thalamocortical responses in the neocortex of the rat. J Neurosci 17:6783-97 [PubMed]

Karhu J, Tesche CD (1999) Simultaneous early processing of sensory input in human primary (SI) and secondary (SII) somatosensory cortices. J Neurophysiol 81:2017-25 [PubMed]

Kisvarday ZF, Martin KA, Whitteridge D, Somogyi P (1985) Synaptic connections of intracellularly filled clutch cells: a type of small basket cell in the visual cortex of the cat. J Comp Neurol 241:111-37 [PubMed]

Koch C, Douglas R, Wehmeier U (1990) Visibility of synaptically induced conductance changes: theory and simulations of anatomically characterized cortical pyramidal cells. J Neurosci 10:1728-44 [PubMed]

Korngreen A, Sakmann B (2000) Voltage-gated K+ channels in layer 5 neocortical pyramidal neurones from young rats: subtypes and gradients. J Physiol 525 Pt 3:621-39 [PubMed]

   Pyramidal Neuron Deep: K+ kinetics (Korngreen, Sakmann 2000) [Model]

Krupa DJ, Wiest MC, Shuler MG, Laubach M, Nicolelis MA (2004) Layer-specific somatosensory cortical activation during active tactile discrimination. Science 304:1989-92 [PubMed]

Kulics AT (1982) Cortical neural evoked correlates of somatosensory stimulus detection in the rhesus monkey. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 53:78-93 [PubMed]

Kulics AT, Cauller LJ (1986) Cerebral cortical somatosensory evoked responses, multiple unit activity and current source-densities: their interrelationships and significance to somatic sensation as revealed by stimulation of the awake monkey's hand. Exp Brain Res 62:46-60 [PubMed]

LaMotte RH, Mountcastle VB (1975) Capacities of humans and monkeys to discriminate vibratory stimuli of different frequency and amplitude: a correlation between neural events and psychological measurements. J Neurophysiol 38:539-59 [PubMed]

LaMotte RH, Mountcastle VB (1979) Disorders in somesthesis following lesions of parietal lobe. J Neurophysiol 42:400-19 [PubMed]

Lee L, Friston K, Horwitz B (2006) Large-scale neural models and dynamic causal modelling. Neuroimage 30:1243-54 [PubMed]

Leek MR (2001) Adaptive procedures in psychophysical research. Percept Psychophys 63:1279-92 [PubMed]

Linkenkaer-Hansen K, Nikulin VV, Palva S, Ilmoniemi RJ, Palva JM (2004) Prestimulus oscillations enhance psychophysical performance in humans. J Neurosci 24:10186-90 [PubMed]

Lipton ML, Fu KM, Branch CA, Schroeder CE (2006) Ipsilateral hand input to area 3b revealed by converging hemodynamic and electrophysiological analyses in macaque monkeys. J Neurosci 26:180-5 [PubMed]

Lubke J, Markram H, Frotscher M, Sakmann B (1996) Frequency and dendritic distribution of autapses established by layer 5 pyramidal neurons in the developing rat neocortex: comparison with synaptic innervation of adjacent neurons of the same class. J Neurosci 16:3209-18 [PubMed]

Mainen ZF, Sejnowski TJ (1996) Influence of dendritic structure on firing pattern in model neocortical neurons. Nature 382:363-6 [Journal] [PubMed]

   [2 reconstructed morphologies on NeuroMorpho.Org]
   Pyramidal Neuron Deep, Superficial; Aspiny, Stellate (Mainen and Sejnowski 1996) [Model]

Martin T, Houck JM, Bish JP, Kicić D, Woodruff CC, Moses SN, Lee DC, Tesche CD (2006) MEG reveals different contributions of somatomotor cortex and cerebellum to simple reaction time after temporally structured cues. Hum Brain Mapp 27:552-61 [PubMed]

Mauguière F, Merlet I, Forss N, Vanni S, Jousmaki V, Adeleine P, Hari R (1997) Activation of a distributed somatosensory cortical network in the human brain. A dipole modelling study of magnetic fields evoked by median nerve stimulation. Part I: Location and activation timing of SEF sources. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 104:281-9 [PubMed]

Mauguière F, Merlet I, Forss N, Vanni S, Jousmaki V, Adeleine P, Hari R (1997) Activation of a distributed somatosensory cortical network in the human brain: a dipole modelling study of magnetic fields evoked by median nerve stimulation. Part II: Effects of stimulus rate, attention and stimulus detection. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 104:290-5 [PubMed]

McCormick DA (1992) Neurotransmitter actions in the thalamus and cerebral cortex and their role in neuromodulation of thalamocortical activity. Prog Neurobiol 39:337-88 [PubMed]

Meador KJ, Ray PG, Echauz JR, Loring DW, Vachtsevanos GJ (2002) Gamma coherence and conscious perception. Neurology 59:847-54 [PubMed]

Migliore M, Shepherd GM (2002) Emerging rules for the distributions of active dendritic conductances. Nature Review Neuroscience 3:362-70 [Journal] [PubMed]

   Modulation of temporal integration window (Migliore, Shepherd 2002) [Model]

Moore CI, Crosier E, Greve DN, Savoy R, Merzenich MM, Dale AM (2007) Cortical correlates of vibrotactile detection in humans Cereb Cortex (in press)

Moore CI, Nelson SB (1998) Spatio-temporal subthreshold receptive fields in the vibrissa representation of rat primary somatosensory cortex. J Neurophysiol 80:2882-92 [Journal] [PubMed]

Moore CI, Stern CE, Corkin S, Fischl B, Gray AC, Rosen BR, Dale AM (2000) Segregation of somatosensory activation in the human rolandic cortex using fMRI. J Neurophysiol 84:558-69 [PubMed]

Murakami S, Hirose A, Okada YC (2003) Contribution of ionic currents to magnetoencephalography (MEG) and electroencephalography (EEG) signals generated by guinea-pig CA3 slices. J Physiol 553:975-85 [PubMed]

Murakami S, Okada Y (2006) Contributions of principal neocortical neurons to magnetoencephalography and electroencephalography signals. J Physiol 575:925-36 [Journal] [PubMed]

Murakami S, Zhang T, Hirose A, Okada YC (2002) Physiological origins of evoked magnetic fields and extracellular field potentials produced by guinea-pig CA3 hippocampal slices. J Physiol 544:237-51 [PubMed]

Nicolelis MA, Fanselow EE (2002) Thalamocortical [correction of Thalamcortical] optimization of tactile processing according to behavioral state. Nat Neurosci 5:517-23

Nishitani N, Hari R (2000) Temporal dynamics of cortical representation for action. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 97:913-8 [PubMed]

Okada YC, Wu J, Kyuhou S (1997) Genesis of MEG signals in a mammalian CNS structure. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 103:474-85 [PubMed]

Palva S, Linkenkaer-Hansen K, Naatanen R, Palva JM (2005) Early neural correlates of conscious somatosensory perception. J Neurosci 25:5248-58 [PubMed]

Penfield W, Rasmussen T (1950) The cerebral cortex of man: a clinical study of localization of function

Peterson NN, Schroeder CE, Arezzo JC (1995) Neural generators of early cortical somatosensory evoked potentials in the awake monkey. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 96:248-60 [PubMed]

Pinto DJ, Jones SR, Kaper TJ, Kopell N (2004) Analysis of state-dependent transitions in frequency and long-distance coordination in a model oscillatory cortical circuit. J Comput Neurosci 15:283-98 [Journal] [PubMed]

Ress D, Backus BT, Heeger DJ (2000) Activity in primary visual cortex predicts performance in a visual detection task. Nat Neurosci 3:940-5 [PubMed]

Riera JJ, Jimenez JC, Wan X, Kawashima R, Ozaki T (2007) Nonlinear local electrovascular coupling. II: From data to neuronal masses. Hum Brain Mapp 28:335-54 [PubMed]

Riera JJ, Wan X, Jimenez JC, Kawashima R (2006) Nonlinear local electrovascular coupling. I: A theoretical model. Hum Brain Mapp 27:896-914 [PubMed]

Rockland KS, Pandya DN (1979) Laminar origins and terminations of cortical connections of the occipital lobe in the rhesus monkey. Brain Res 179:3-20 [PubMed]

Sarter M, Parikh V (2005) Choline transporters, cholinergic transmission and cognition. Nat Rev Neurosci 6:48-56 [PubMed]

Sarvas J (1987) Basic mathematical and electromagnetic concepts of the biomagnetic inverse problem. Phys Med Biol 32:11-22 [PubMed]

Sastre-Janer FA, Regis J, Belin P, Mangin JF, Dormont D, Masure MC, Remy P, Frouin V, Samson (2006) Three-dimensional reconstruction of the human central sulcus reveals a morphological correlate of the hand area. Cereb Cortex 8:641-7 [PubMed]

Segev I, Rapp M, Manor Y, Yarom Y (1992) Analog and digital processing in single nerve cells: dendritic integration and axonal propagation Single Neuron Computation, Mckenna T:Davis J:Zornetzer SF, ed. pp.173

Sherman SM, Guillery RW (2002) The role of the thalamus in the flow of information to the cortex. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 357:1695-708 [PubMed]

Silva LR, Gutnick MJ, Connors BW (1991) Laminar distribution of neuronal membrane properties in neocortex of normal and reeler mouse. J Neurophysiol 66:2034-40 [PubMed]

Somogyi P, Kisvarday ZF, Martin KA, Whitteridge D (1983) Synaptic connections of morphologically identified and physiologically characterized large basket cells in the striate cortex of cat. Neuroscience 10:261-94 [PubMed]

Staines WR, Graham SJ, Black SE, McIlroy WE (2002) Task-relevant modulation of contralateral and ipsilateral primary somatosensory cortex and the role of a prefrontal-cortical sensory gating system. Neuroimage 15:190-9 [PubMed]

Steinmetz PN, Roy A, Fitzgerald PJ, Hsiao SS, Johnson KO, Niebur E (2000) Attention modulates synchronized neuronal firing in primate somatosensory cortex. Nature 404:187-90 [PubMed]

Stoerig P (2006) Blindsight, conscious vision, and the role of primary visual cortex. Prog Brain Res 155:217-34 [PubMed]

Stuart GJ, Sakmann B (1994) Active propagation of somatic action potentials into neocortical pyramidal cell dendrites. Nature 367:69-72 [PubMed]

Tesche CD, Uusitalo MA, Ilmoniemi RJ, Huotilainen M, Kajola M, Salonen O (1995) Signal-space projections of MEG data characterize both distributed and well-localized neuronal sources. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 95:189-200 [PubMed]

Thomson AM, Bannister AP (1998) Postsynaptic pyramidal target selection by descending layer III pyramidal axons: dual intracellular recordings and biocytin filling in slices of rat neocortex. Neuroscience 84:669-83 [PubMed]

Thomson AM, Bannister AP (2003) Interlaminar connections in the neocortex. Cereb Cortex 13:5-14 [PubMed]

Thomson AM, West DC, Wang Y, Bannister AP (2002) Synaptic connections and small circuits involving excitatory and inhibitory neurons in layers 2-5 of adult rat and cat neocortex: triple intracellular recordings and biocytin labelling in vitro. Cereb Cortex 12:936-53 [PubMed]

Towe AL (1966) On the nature of the primary evoked response. Exp Neurol 15:113-39 [PubMed]

Uematsu S, Lesser RP, Gordon B (1992) Localization of sensorimotor cortex: the influence of Sherrington and Cushing on the modern concept. Neurosurgery 30:904-12; discussion 912-3 [PubMed]

Uusitalo MA, Ilmoniemi RJ (1997) Signal-space projection method for separating MEG or EEG into components. Med Biol Eng Comput 35:135-40 [PubMed]

White LE, Andrews TJ, Hulette C, Richards A, Groelle M, Paydarfar J, Purves D (2006) Structure of the human sensorimotor system. I: Morphology and cytoarchitecture of the central sulcus. Cereb Cortex 7:18-30 [PubMed]

Worden MS, Foxe JJ, Wang N, Simpson GV (2000) Anticipatory biasing of visuospatial attention indexed by retinotopically specific alpha-band electroencephalography increases over occipital cortex. J Neurosci 20:RC63-30 [PubMed]

Yousry TA, Schmid UD, Alkadhi H, Schmidt D, Peraud A, Buettner A, Winkler P (1997) Localization of the motor hand area to a knob on the precentral gyrus. A new landmark. Brain 120 ( Pt 1):141-57 [PubMed]

Yu AJ, Dayan P (2005) Uncertainty, neuromodulation, and attention. Neuron 46:681-92

Zhu JJ, Connors BW (1999) Intrinsic firing patterns and whisker-evoked synaptic responses of neurons in the rat barrel cortex. J Neurophysiol 81:1171-83 [Journal] [PubMed]

Carnevale NT, Morse TM (1996-2009) Research reports that have used NEURON Web published citations at the NEURON website [Journal]

Jones SR, Pritchett DL, Sikora MA, Stufflebeam SM, Hamalainen M, Moore CI (2009) Quantitative Analysis and Biophysically Realistic Neural Modeling of the MEG Mu Rhythm: Rhythmogenesis and Modulation of Sensory-Evoked Responses. J Neurophysiol 102:3554-72 [Journal] [PubMed]

   Biophysically realistic neural modeling of the MEG mu rhythm (Jones et al. 2009) [Model]

Vierling-Claassen D, Cardin JA, Moore CI, Jones SR (2010) Computational modeling of distinct neocortical oscillations driven by cell-type selective optogenetic drive: separable resonant circuits controlled by low-threshold spiking and fast-spiking interneurons. Front Hum Neurosci 4:198 [Journal] [PubMed]

   Engaging distinct oscillatory neocortical circuits (Vierling-Claassen et al. 2010) [Model]

(132 refs)