Hodgkin-Huxley model of persistent activity in prefrontal cortex neurons (Winograd et al. 2008)

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Accession:113997
The paper demonstrate a form of graded persistent activity activated by hyperpolarization. This phenomenon is modeled based on a slow calcium regulation of Ih, similar to that introduced earlier for thalamic neurons (see Destexhe et al., J Neurophysiol. 1996). The only difference is that the calcium signal is here provided by the high-threshold calcium current (instead of the low-threshold calcium current in thalamic neurons).
Reference:
1 . Winograd M, Destexhe A, Sanchez-Vives MV (2008) Hyperpolarization-activated graded persistent activity in the prefrontal cortex. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:7298-303 [PubMed]
Model Information (Click on a link to find other models with that property)
Model Type: Neuron or other electrically excitable cell; Channel/Receptor;
Brain Region(s)/Organism: Prefrontal cortex (PFC);
Cell Type(s):
Channel(s): I Na,t; I L high threshold; I K; I M; I h;
Gap Junctions:
Receptor(s):
Gene(s):
Transmitter(s):
Simulation Environment: NEURON;
Model Concept(s): Activity Patterns; Ion Channel Kinetics;
Implementer(s): Destexhe, Alain [Destexhe at iaf.cnrs-gif.fr];
Search NeuronDB for information about:  I Na,t; I L high threshold; I K; I M; I h;
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HAGPA
README.html
APCounter2.mod *
Cadynamics.mod *
HH2.mod *
ICaL.mod *
Ih.mod *
IKM.mod *
ipulse3.mod *
pasi.mod *
demo_HPGA_non-saturating.hoc
demo_HPGA_non-saturating_noIh.hoc
demo_HPGA_saturating.hoc
init.hoc
mosinit.hoc *
screenshot.jpg
                            
TITLE simple decay of internal calcium concentration

INDEPENDENT {t FROM 0 TO 1 WITH 1 (ms)}

NEURON {
	SUFFIX cada
	USEION ca READ ica, cai WRITE cai	
        RANGE ca
	GLOBAL depth,cainf,taur
}

UNITS {
	(molar) = (1/liter)			: moles do not appear in units
	(mM)	= (millimolar)
	(um)	= (micron)
	(mA)	= (milliamp)
	(msM)	= (ms mM)
	FARADAY = (faraday) (coulomb)
}


PARAMETER {
	depth	= 1	(um)		: depth of shell
        taur	= 20	(ms)		: rate of calcium removal
	cainf	= 100e-6(mM)		: equilibrium cai
	cai		(mM)
}

STATE {
	ca		(mM) 
}

INITIAL {
	ca = cainf
}

ASSIGNED {
	ica		(mA/cm2)
	drive_channel	(mM/ms)
}
	
BREAKPOINT {
	SOLVE state METHOD derivimplicit
}

DERIVATIVE state { 

	drive_channel =  - (10000) * ica / (2 * FARADAY * depth)
	if (drive_channel <= 0.) { drive_channel = 0.  }   : cannot pump inward 
         
	ca' = drive_channel + (cainf-ca)/taur
	cai = ca
}

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