Multicompartmental cerebellar granule cell model (Diwakar et al. 2009)

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Accession:116835
A detailed multicompartmental model was used to study neuronal electroresponsiveness of cerebellar granule cells in rats. Here we show that, in cerebellar granule cells, Na+ channels are enriched in the axon, especially in the hillock, but almost absent from soma and dendrites. Numerical simulations indicated that granule cells have a compact electrotonic structure allowing EPSPs to diffuse with little attenuation from dendrites to axon. The spike arose almost simultaneously along the whole axonal ascending branch and invaded the hillock, whose activation promoted spike back-propagation with marginal delay (<200 micros) and attenuation (<20 mV) into the somato-dendritic compartment. For details check the cited article.
Reference:
1 . Diwakar S, Magistretti J, Goldfarb M, Naldi G, D'Angelo E (2009) Axonal Na+ channels ensure fast spike activation and back-propagation in cerebellar granule cells J Neurophysiol 101(2):519-32 [PubMed]
Model Information (Click on a link to find other models with that property)
Model Type: Neuron or other electrically excitable cell;
Brain Region(s)/Organism: Cerebellum;
Cell Type(s): Cerebellum interneuron granule cell;
Channel(s): I A; I M; I h; I K,Ca; I Sodium; I Calcium; I Potassium; I A, slow;
Gap Junctions:
Receptor(s):
Gene(s):
Transmitter(s):
Simulation Environment: NEURON;
Model Concept(s): Action Potential Initiation; Active Dendrites; Detailed Neuronal Models; Axonal Action Potentials; Action Potentials; Intrinsic plasticity;
Implementer(s): Diwakar, Shyam [shyam at amrita.edu];
Search NeuronDB for information about:  Cerebellum interneuron granule cell; I A; I M; I h; I K,Ca; I Sodium; I Calcium; I Potassium; I A, slow;
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GrC
fig10
readme.html
AmpaCOD.mod *
GRC_CA.mod *
GRC_CALC.mod *
GRC_GABA.mod *
GRC_KA.mod *
GRC_KCA.mod *
GRC_KIR.mod *
GRC_KM.mod *
GRC_KV.mod *
GRC_LKG1.mod *
GRC_LKG2.mod *
GRC_NA.mod *
NmdaS.mod *
Pregen.mod *
ComPanel.hoc
Grc_Cell.hoc
mosinit.hoc
Parametri.hoc
screenshot.jpg
simple.ses
Start.hoc
                            
TITLE Cerebellum Granule Cell Model

COMMENT
        KDr channel
	Gutfreund parametrization
   
	Author: A. Fontana
	Last revised: 12.12.98
ENDCOMMENT

NEURON { 
	SUFFIX GRC_KV 
	USEION k READ ek WRITE ik 
	RANGE gkbar, ik, g, alpha_n, beta_n 
	RANGE Aalpha_n, Kalpha_n, V0alpha_n
	RANGE Abeta_n, Kbeta_n, V0beta_n
	RANGE n_inf, tau_n 
} 
 
UNITS { 
	(mA) = (milliamp) 
	(mV) = (millivolt) 
} 
 
PARAMETER { 
	:Kbeta_n = -0.0125 (/mV)
	
	Aalpha_n = -0.01 (/ms-mV)
	Kalpha_n = -10 (mV)
	V0alpha_n = -25 (mV)
	Abeta_n = 0.125 (/ms)
	
	Kbeta_n = -80 (mV)
	V0beta_n = -35 (mV)
	v (mV)  
	gkbar= 0.003 (mho/cm2) : 0.0015
	ek = -84.69 (mV) 
	celsius = 30 (degC) 
} 

STATE { 
	n 
} 

ASSIGNED { 
	ik (mA/cm2) 
	n_inf 
	tau_n (ms) 
	g (mho/cm2) 
	alpha_n (/ms) 
	beta_n (/ms) 
} 
 
INITIAL { 
	rate(v) 
	n = n_inf 
} 
 
BREAKPOINT { 
	SOLVE states METHOD derivimplicit 
	g = gkbar*n*n*n*n 
	ik = g*(v - ek) 
	alpha_n = alp_n(v) 
	beta_n = bet_n(v) 
} 
 
DERIVATIVE states { 
	rate(v) 
	n' =(n_inf - n)/tau_n 
} 
 
FUNCTION alp_n(v(mV))(/ms) { LOCAL Q10
	Q10 = 3^((celsius-6.3(degC))/10(degC)) 
	alp_n = Q10*Aalpha_n*linoid(v-V0alpha_n, Kalpha_n)
} 
 
FUNCTION bet_n(v(mV))(/ms) { LOCAL Q10
	Q10 = 3^((celsius-6.3(degC))/10(degC)) 
	bet_n = Q10*Abeta_n*exp((v-V0beta_n)/Kbeta_n) 
} 
 
PROCEDURE rate(v (mV)) {LOCAL a_n, b_n 
	TABLE n_inf, tau_n 
	DEPEND Aalpha_n, Kalpha_n, V0alpha_n, 
               Abeta_n, Kbeta_n, V0beta_n, celsius FROM -100 TO 30 WITH 13000 
	a_n = alp_n(v)  
	b_n = bet_n(v) 
	tau_n = 1/(a_n + b_n) 
	n_inf = a_n/(a_n + b_n) 
} 

FUNCTION linoid(x (mV),y (mV)) (mV) {
        if (fabs(x/y) < 1e-6) {
                linoid = y*(1 - x/y/2)
        }else{
                linoid = x/(exp(x/y) - 1)
        }
}

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