Excitability of PFC Basal Dendrites (Acker and Antic 2009)

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Accession:117207
".. We carried out multi-site voltage-sensitive dye imaging of membrane potential transients from thin basal branches of prefrontal cortical pyramidal neurons before and after application of channel blockers. We found that backpropagating action potentials (bAPs) are predominantly controlled by voltage-gated sodium and A-type potassium channels. In contrast, pharmacologically blocking the delayed rectifier potassium, voltage-gated calcium or Ih, conductance had little effect on dendritic action potential propagation. Optically recorded bAP waveforms were quantified and multicompartmental modeling (NEURON) was used to link the observed behavior with the underlying biophysical properties. The best-fit model included a non-uniform sodium channel distribution with decreasing conductance with distance from the soma, together with a non-uniform (increasing) A-type potassium conductance. AP amplitudes decline with distance in this model, but to a lesser extent than previously thought. We used this model to explore the mechanisms underlying two sets of published data involving high frequency trains of action potentials, and the local generation of sodium spikelets. ..."
Reference:
1 . Acker CD, Antic SD (2009) Quantitative Assessment of the Distributions of Membrane Conductances Involved in Action Potential Backpropagation Along Basal Dendrites. J Neurophysiol 101:1524-1541 [PubMed]
Model Information (Click on a link to find other models with that property)
Model Type: Neuron or other electrically excitable cell;
Brain Region(s)/Organism: Neocortex;
Cell Type(s): Neocortex V1 pyramidal corticothalamic L6 cell;
Channel(s): I Na,t; I L high threshold; I T low threshold; I A; I K; I h; I Potassium;
Gap Junctions:
Receptor(s):
Gene(s):
Transmitter(s):
Simulation Environment: NEURON;
Model Concept(s): Activity Patterns; Dendritic Action Potentials; Parameter Fitting; Active Dendrites; Detailed Neuronal Models; Calcium dynamics;
Implementer(s): Acker, Corey [acker at uchc.edu];
Search NeuronDB for information about:  Neocortex V1 pyramidal corticothalamic L6 cell; I Na,t; I L high threshold; I T low threshold; I A; I K; I h; I Potassium;
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acker_antic
Model
ca.mod *
Cad.mod
CaT.mod
IL.mod
kadist.mod
kaprox.mod *
kv.mod
na.mod
PlateauConductance.mod
vmax.mod
CA 229.hoc
CA+229.hoc
PFC_L5Pyramid_AckerAntic06.hoc
                            
TITLE K-A channel from Klee Ficker and Heinemann
: modified to account for Dax A Current --- M.Migliore Jun 1997
: modified to be used with cvode  M.Migliore 2001

UNITS {
	(mA) = (milliamp)
	(mV) = (millivolt)

}

PARAMETER {
	v (mV)
	celsius		(degC)
	gkabar=.008 (mho/cm2)
        vhalfn=11   (mV)
        vhalfl=-56   (mV)
        a0l=0.05      (/ms)
        a0n=0.05    (/ms)
        zetan=-1.5    (1)
        zetal=3    (1)
        gmn=0.55   (1)
        gml=1   (1)
	lmin=2  (mS)
	nmin=0.1  (mS)
	pw=-1    (1)
	tq=-40
	qq=5
	q10=5
	qtl=1
	ek
}


NEURON {
	SUFFIX kap
	USEION k READ ek WRITE ik
        RANGE gkabar,gka
        GLOBAL ninf,linf,taul,taun,lmin
}

STATE {
	n
        l
}

ASSIGNED {
	ik (mA/cm2)
        ninf
        linf      
        taul
        taun
        gka
}

INITIAL {
	rates(v)
	n=ninf
	l=linf
}


BREAKPOINT {
	SOLVE states METHOD cnexp
	gka = gkabar*n*l
	ik = gka*(v-ek)

}


FUNCTION alpn(v(mV)) {
LOCAL zeta
  zeta=zetan+pw/(1+exp((v-tq)/qq))
  alpn = exp(1.e-3*zeta*(v-vhalfn)*9.648e4/(8.315*(273.16+celsius))) 
}

FUNCTION betn(v(mV)) {
LOCAL zeta
  zeta=zetan+pw/(1+exp((v-tq)/qq))
  betn = exp(1.e-3*zeta*gmn*(v-vhalfn)*9.648e4/(8.315*(273.16+celsius))) 
}

FUNCTION alpl(v(mV)) {
  alpl = exp(1.e-3*zetal*(v-vhalfl)*9.648e4/(8.315*(273.16+celsius))) 
}

FUNCTION betl(v(mV)) {
  betl = exp(1.e-3*zetal*gml*(v-vhalfl)*9.648e4/(8.315*(273.16+celsius))) 
}

DERIVATIVE states {     : exact when v held constant; integrates over dt step
        rates(v)
        n' = (ninf - n)/taun
        l' =  (linf - l)/taul
}

PROCEDURE rates(v (mV)) { :callable from hoc
        LOCAL a,qt
        qt=q10^((celsius-24)/10)
        a = alpn(v)
        ninf = 1/(1 + a)
        taun = betn(v)/(qt*a0n*(1+a))
	if (taun<nmin) {taun=nmin}
        a = alpl(v)
        linf = 1/(1+ a)
	taul = 0.26*(v+50)/qtl
	if (taul<lmin/qtl) {taul=lmin/qtl}
}















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