Modelling reduced excitability in aged CA1 neurons as a Ca-dependent process (Markaki et al. 2005)

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Accession:119266
"We use a multi-compartmental model of a CA1 pyramidal cell to study changes in hippocampal excitability that result from aging-induced alterations in calcium-dependent membrane mechanisms. The model incorporates N- and L-type calcium channels which are respectively coupled to fast and slow afterhyperpolarization potassium channels. Model parameters are calibrated using physiological data. Computer simulations reproduce the decreased excitability of aged CA1 cells, which results from increased internal calcium accumulation, subsequently larger postburst slow afterhyperpolarization, and enhanced spike frequency adaptation. We find that aging-induced alterations in CA1 excitability can be modelled with simple coupling mechanisms that selectively link specific types of calcium channels to specific calcium-dependent potassium channels."
Reference:
1 . Markaki M, Orphanoudakis S, Poirazi P (2005) Modelling reduced excitability in aged CA1 neurons as a calcium-dependent process Neurocomputing 65-66:305-314
Model Information (Click on a link to find other models with that property)
Model Type: Neuron or other electrically excitable cell;
Brain Region(s)/Organism: Hippocampus;
Cell Type(s): Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal GLU cell;
Channel(s): I Na,p; I Na,t; I L high threshold; I N; I A; I K; I M; I K,Ca; I R;
Gap Junctions:
Receptor(s):
Gene(s):
Transmitter(s):
Simulation Environment: NEURON;
Model Concept(s): Activity Patterns; Aging/Alzheimer`s;
Implementer(s):
Search NeuronDB for information about:  Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal GLU cell; I Na,p; I Na,t; I L high threshold; I N; I A; I K; I M; I K,Ca; I R;
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CA1_Aged
lib
basic_graphics.hoc *
basic-graphics.hoc *
choose-secs.hoc *
current-balance.hoc
cut-sections.hoc *
deduce-ratio.hoc *
find-gmax.hoc *
GABA_shiftsyn.hoc *
GABA_shiftsyn_bg.hoc *
ken.h *
map-segments-to-3d.hoc *
maxmin.hoc *
mod_func.c *
newshiftsyn *
newshiftsyn.c *
num-rec.h *
salloc.hoc *
shiftsyn-init_bg.hoc *
shiftsyn-initA.hoc *
spikecount.hoc *
tune-epsps.hoc *
vector-distance.hoc *
verbose-system.hoc *
                            
/*

This file contains all Numerical Recipes that I use.

*/


/********* Begin of Numerical Recipes routines **********/


#define M1 259200
#define IA1 7141
#define IC1 54773
#define RM1 (1.0/M1)
#define M2 134456
#define IA2 8121
#define IC2 28411
#define RM2 (1.0/M2)
#define M3 243000
#define IA3 4561
#define IC3 51349


/*
 *  numerical recipes random gaussian number generator
 */

float gasdev(idum)
     int *idum;
{
  static int iset=0;
  static float gset;
  float fac,r,v1,v2;
  float ran1();
  
  if  (iset == 0) {
    do {
      v1=2.0*ran1(idum)-1.0;
      v2=2.0*ran1(idum)-1.0;
      r=v1*v1+v2*v2;
    } while (r >= 1.0);
    fac=sqrt(-2.0*log(r)/r);
    gset=v1*fac;
    iset=1;
    return v2*fac;
  } else {
    iset=0;
    return gset;
  }
}

/*
 *	gaussian - return a gaussian random number of
 *		   variance 1 and mean 0
 */

float gaussian ()
{
	int seed = 0;

	return ( gasdev(&seed) );
}


/*
 *  numerical recipes random number generator
 */

float ran1(idum)
     int *idum;
{
  static long ix1,ix2,ix3;
  static float r[98];
  float temp;
  static int iff=0;
  int j;
  void nrerror();
  
  if (*idum < 0 || iff == 0) {
    iff=1;
    ix1=(IC1-(*idum)) % M1;
    ix1=(IA1*ix1+IC1) % M1;
    ix2=ix1 % M2;
    ix1=(IA1*ix1+IC1) % M1;
    ix3=ix1 % M3;
    for (j=1;j<=97;j++) {
      ix1=(IA1*ix1+IC1) % M1;
      ix2=(IA2*ix2+IC2) % M2;
      r[j]=(ix1+ix2*RM2)*RM1;
    }
    *idum=1;
  }
  ix1=(IA1*ix1+IC1) % M1;
  ix2=(IA2*ix2+IC2) % M2;
  ix3=(IA3*ix3+IC3) % M3;
  j=1 + ((97*ix3)/M3);
  if (j > 97 || j < 1) nrerror("RAN1: This cannot happen.");
  temp=r[j];
  r[j]=(ix1+ix2*RM2)*RM1;
  return temp;
}


/*
 *  numerical recipes error routine
 */

void nrerror(error_text)
     char error_text[];
{
  /*	void exit();
   */
  fprintf(stderr,"Numerical Recipes run-time error...\n");
  fprintf(stderr,"%s\n",error_text);
  fprintf(stderr,"...now exiting to system...\n");
  exit(1);
}

#undef M1
#undef IA1
#undef IC1
#undef RM1
#undef M2
#undef IA2
#undef IC2
#undef RM2
#undef M3
#undef IA3
#undef IC3

/********* End of Numerical Recipes routines **********/





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