Hodgkin-Huxley models of different classes of cortical neurons (Pospischil et al. 2008)

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Accession:123623
"We review here the development of Hodgkin- Huxley (HH) type models of cerebral cortex and thalamic neurons for network simulations. The intrinsic electrophysiological properties of cortical neurons were analyzed from several preparations, and we selected the four most prominent electrophysiological classes of neurons. These four classes are 'fast spiking', 'regular spiking', 'intrinsically bursting' and 'low-threshold spike' cells. For each class, we fit 'minimal' HH type models to experimental data. ..."
Reference:
1 . Pospischil M, Toledo-Rodriguez M, Monier C, Piwkowska Z, Bal T, Frégnac Y, Markram H, Destexhe A (2008) Minimal Hodgkin-Huxley type models for different classes of cortical and thalamic neurons. Biol Cybern 99:427-41 [PubMed]
Model Information (Click on a link to find other models with that property)
Model Type: Neuron or other electrically excitable cell; Channel/Receptor;
Brain Region(s)/Organism: Neocortex;
Cell Type(s): Neocortex L5/6 pyramidal GLU cell; Neocortex L2/3 pyramidal GLU cell; Neocortex fast spiking (FS) interneuron; Neocortex spiking regular (RS) neuron; Neocortex spiking low threshold (LTS) neuron;
Channel(s): I Na,t; I L high threshold; I T low threshold; I K; I M;
Gap Junctions:
Receptor(s):
Gene(s):
Transmitter(s):
Simulation Environment: NEURON;
Model Concept(s): Parameter Fitting; Simplified Models;
Implementer(s): Destexhe, Alain [Destexhe at iaf.cnrs-gif.fr];
Search NeuronDB for information about:  Neocortex L5/6 pyramidal GLU cell; Neocortex L2/3 pyramidal GLU cell; I Na,t; I L high threshold; I T low threshold; I K; I M;
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PospischilEtAl2008
README.html *
cadecay_destexhe.mod *
HH_traub.mod *
IL_gutnick.mod
IM_cortex.mod *
IT_huguenard.mod *
demo_IN_FS.hoc *
demo_PY_IB.hoc *
demo_PY_IBR.hoc *
demo_PY_LTS.hoc *
demo_PY_RS.hoc *
fig5b.jpg *
mosinit.hoc *
rundemo.hoc *
sIN_template *
sPY_template *
sPYb_template *
sPYbr_template *
sPYr_template *
                            
/*--------------------------------------------------------------
	TEMPLATE FILE FOR LTS CORTICAL PYRAMIDAL CELL
	---------------------------------------------

	One compartment model and currents derived from:

   Pospischil, M., Toledo-Rodriguez, M., Monier, C., Piwkowska, Z., 
   Bal, T., Fregnac, Y., Markram, H. and Destexhe, A.
   Minimal Hodgkin-Huxley type models for different classes of
   cortical and thalamic neurons.
   Biological Cybernetics 99: 427-441, 2008.

	Model taken from:

   Destexhe, A. Contreras, D. and Steriade, M.  LTS cells in cerebral
   cortex and their role in generating spike-and-wave oscillations.   
   Neurocomputing 38: 555-563 (2001).

	- one compartment model
	- passive
	- HH Traub
	- IM
	- T-type calcium current


	Alain Destexhe, CNRS, 2008

--------------------------------------------------------------*/


print " "
print " << defining template for one-compartment sPYr cell >> "
print " "


begintemplate sPYr		// create a new template object
public soma

create soma[1]

proc init() { local v_potassium, v_sodium

  v_potassium = -100		// potassium reversal potential 
  v_sodium = 50			// sodium reversal potential 

  soma {
	Ra = 100		// geometry 
	nseg = 1
	diam = 96
	L = 96			// so that area is about 29000 um2
	cm = 1

	insert pas		// leak current 
	e_pas = -70
	g_pas = 1e-5		// idem TC cell

	// conversion with McC units: 
	// g(S/cm2) = g(nS)*1e-9/29000e-8
	//	    = g(nS) * 3.45e-6

	insert hh2		// Hodgin-Huxley INa and IK 
	ek = v_potassium
	ena = v_sodium
	vtraub_hh2 = -55	// Resting Vm, BJ was -55
	gnabar_hh2 = 0.05	// McCormick=15 muS, thal was 0.09
	gkbar_hh2 = 0.005	// spike duration of pyr cells

	insert im		// M current 
	taumax_im = 1000
	gkbar_im = 3e-5		// specific to LTS pyr cell

	insert cad		// calcium decay
	depth_cad = 1		// McCormick= 0.1 um
	taur_cad = 5		// McCormick=1 ms !!!
	cainf_cad = 2.4e-4	// McCormick=0
	kt_cad = 0		// no pump

	insert it		// IT current 
	cai = 2.4e-4 
	cao = 2 
	eca = 120 
	gcabar_it = 0.001	// specific to LTS pyr cell


  }

  print " "
  print "<< sPYr: passive, INa, IK, Ca++, IT inserted >>"
  print " "

}
endtemplate sPYr




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