Dentate gyrus (Morgan et al. 2007, 2008, Santhakumar et al. 2005, Dyhrfjeld-Johnsen et al. 2007)

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Accession:124513
This model was implemented by Rob Morgan in the Soltesz lab at UC Irvine. It is a scaleable model of the rat dentate gyrus including four cell types. This model runs in serial (on a single processor) and has been published at the size of 50,000 granule cells (with proportional numbers of the other cells).
References:
1 . Santhakumar V, Aradi I, Soltesz I (2005) Role of mossy fiber sprouting and mossy cell loss in hyperexcitability: a network model of the dentate gyrus incorporating cell types and axonal topography. J Neurophysiol 93:437-53 [PubMed]
2 . Dyhrfjeld-Johnsen J, Santhakumar V, Morgan RJ, Huerta R, Tsimring L, Soltesz I (2007) Topological determinants of epileptogenesis in large-scale structural and functional models of the dentate gyrus derived from experimental data. J Neurophysiol 97:1566-87 [PubMed]
3 . Morgan RJ, Soltesz I (2008) Nonrandom connectivity of the epileptic dentate gyrus predicts a major role for neuronal hubs in seizures. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:6179-84 [PubMed]
4 . Morgan RJ, Santhakumar V, Soltesz I (2007) Modeling the dentate gyrus. Prog Brain Res 163:639-58 [PubMed]
Model Information (Click on a link to find other models with that property)
Model Type: Realistic Network;
Brain Region(s)/Organism: Dentate gyrus;
Cell Type(s): Dentate gyrus granule cell; Dentate gyrus mossy cell; Dentate gyrus basket cell; Dentate gyrus hilar cell;
Channel(s):
Gap Junctions:
Receptor(s):
Gene(s):
Transmitter(s):
Simulation Environment: NEURON;
Model Concept(s): Epilepsy;
Implementer(s): Bezaire, Marianne [mariannejcase at gmail.com]; Morgan, Robert [polomav at gmail.com];
Search NeuronDB for information about:  Dentate gyrus granule cell;
Files displayed below are from the implementation
/
dentate_gyrus
500net
README.html
bgka.mod *
CaBK.mod
ccanl.mod *
Gfluct2.mod
gskch.mod *
hyperde3.mod *
ichan2.mod *
inhsyn.mod
LcaMig.mod *
nca.mod
ppsyn.mod
tca.mod *
50knet.hoc
bcdist.hoc
bcell.bcell
bcell.gcell
bcell.hcell *
bcell.mcell
gcdist.hoc
gcell.bcell
gcell.gcell
gcell.hcell
gcell.mcell
hcdist.hoc
hcell.bcell
hcell.gcell
hcell.hcell *
hcell.mcell
mcdist.hoc
mcell.bcell
mcell.gcell
mcell.hcell
mcell.mcell
mosinit.hoc
parameters.dat
pbc.hoc
pgc.hoc
phc.hoc
pmc.hoc
run50knet.bash
screenshot.jpg
                            
COMMENT
	calcium accumulation into a volume of area*depth next to the
	membrane with a decay (time constant tau) to resting level
	given by the global calcium variable cai0_ca_ion
ENDCOMMENT

NEURON {
	SUFFIX ccanl
USEION nca READ ncai, inca, enca WRITE enca, ncai VALENCE 2
USEION lca READ lcai, ilca, elca WRITE elca, lcai VALENCE 2
USEION tca READ tcai, itca, etca WRITE etca, tcai VALENCE 2
RANGE caiinf, catau, cai, ncai, lcai,tcai, eca, elca, enca, etca
}

UNITS {
        (mV) = (millivolt)
	(molar) = (1/liter)
	(mM) = (milli/liter)
	(mA) = (milliamp)
	FARADAY = 96520 (coul)
	R = 8.3134	(joule/degC)
}

INDEPENDENT {t FROM 0 TO 100 WITH 100 (ms)}

PARAMETER {
        celsius = 6.3 (degC)
	depth = 200 (nm)	: assume volume = area*depth
	catau = 9 (ms)
	caiinf = 50.e-6 (mM)	: takes precedence over cai0_ca_ion
			: Do not forget to initialize in hoc if different
			: from this default.
	cao = 2 (mM)
	ica (mA/cm2)
	inca (mA/cm2)
	ilca (mA/cm2)
	itca (mA/cm2)
	cai= 50.e-6 (mM)
}

ASSIGNED {
	enca (mV)
	elca (mV)
	etca (mV)
	eca (mV)
}

STATE {
	ncai (mM)
	lcai (mM)
	tcai (mM)
}

INITIAL {
	VERBATIM
	ncai = _ion_ncai;
	lcai = _ion_lcai;
	tcai = _ion_tcai; 
	ENDVERBATIM
	ncai=caiinf/3
	lcai=caiinf/3
	tcai=caiinf/3
	cai = caiinf	
	eca = ktf() * log(cao/caiinf)	
	enca = eca
	elca = eca
	etca = eca
}


BREAKPOINT {
	SOLVE integrate METHOD derivimplicit
	cai = ncai+lcai+tcai	
	eca = ktf() * log(cao/cai)	
	enca = eca
	elca = eca
	etca = eca
}

DERIVATIVE integrate {
ncai' = -(inca)/depth/FARADAY * (1e7) + (caiinf/3 - ncai)/catau
lcai' = -(ilca)/depth/FARADAY * (1e7) + (caiinf/3 - lcai)/catau
tcai' = -(itca)/depth/FARADAY * (1e7) + (caiinf/3 - tcai)/catau
}

FUNCTION ktf() (mV) {
	ktf = (1000)*R*(celsius +273.15)/(2*FARADAY)
} 

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