NAcc medium spiny neuron: effects of cannabinoid withdrawal (Spiga et al. 2010)

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Accession:126640
Cannabinoid withdrawal produces a hypofunction of dopaminergic neurons targeting medium spiny neurons (MSN) of the forebrain. Administration of a CB1 receptor antagonist to control rats provoked structural abnormalities, reminiscent of those observed in withdrawal conditions and support the regulatory role of cannabinoids in neurogenesis, axonal growth and synaptogenesis. Experimental observations were incorporated into a realistic computational model which predicts a strong reduction in the excitability of morphologically-altered MSN, yielding a significant reduction in action potential output. These paper provided direct morphological evidence for functional abnormalities associated with cannabinoid dependence at the level of dopaminergic neurons and their post synaptic counterpart, supporting a hypodopaminergic state as a distinctive feature of the “addicted brain”.
Reference:
1 . Spiga S, Lintas A, Migliore M, Diana M (2010) Altered architecture and functional consequences of the mesolimbic dopamine system in cannabis dependence Addiction Biology 15(3):266-76 [PubMed]
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Model Information (Click on a link to find other models with that property)
Model Type: Dendrite;
Brain Region(s)/Organism: Basal ganglia;
Cell Type(s): Nucleus accumbens spiny projection neuron;
Channel(s): I Na,t; I A; I Potassium; I A, slow; I Krp;
Gap Junctions:
Receptor(s): AMPA;
Gene(s):
Transmitter(s): Glutamate;
Simulation Environment: NEURON;
Model Concept(s): Action Potential Initiation; Activity Patterns; Active Dendrites; Detailed Neuronal Models; Action Potentials; Synaptic Integration; Addiction;
Implementer(s): Migliore, Michele [Michele.Migliore at Yale.edu];
Search NeuronDB for information about:  AMPA; I Na,t; I A; I Potassium; I A, slow; I Krp; Glutamate;
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