CA1 pyramidal neuron: schizophrenic behavior (Migliore et al. 2011)

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Accession:138205
NEURON files from the paper: A modeling study suggesting how a reduction in the context-dependent input on CA1 pyramidal neurons could generate schizophrenic behavior. by M. Migliore, I. De Blasi, D. Tegolo, R. Migliore, Neural Networks,(2011), doi:10.1016/j.neunet.2011.01.001. Starting from the experimentally supported assumption on hippocampal neurons we explore an experimentally testable prediction at the single neuron level. The model shows how and to what extent a pathological hypofunction of a contextdependent distal input on a CA1 neuron can generate hallucinations by altering the normal recall of objects on which the neuron has been previously tuned. The results suggest that a change in the context during the recall phase may cause an occasional but very significant change in the set of active dendrites used for features recognition, leading to a distorted perception of objects.
Reference:
1 . Migliore M, De Blasi I, Tegolo D, Migliore R (2011) A modeling study suggesting how a reduction in the context-dependent input on CA1 pyramidal neurons could generate schizophrenic behavior. Neural Netw 24(6):552-9 [PubMed]
Model Information (Click on a link to find other models with that property)
Model Type: Dendrite;
Brain Region(s)/Organism: Hippocampus;
Cell Type(s): Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal cell;
Channel(s): I Na,t; I A; I K; I h; I Potassium;
Gap Junctions:
Receptor(s): AMPA;
Gene(s):
Transmitter(s): Glutamate;
Simulation Environment: NEURON;
Model Concept(s): Dendritic Action Potentials; Coincidence Detection; Active Dendrites; Influence of Dendritic Geometry; Detailed Neuronal Models; Action Potentials; Synaptic Integration; Schizophrenia; Hallucinations;
Implementer(s): Migliore, Michele [Michele.Migliore at Yale.edu];
Search NeuronDB for information about:  Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal cell; AMPA; I Na,t; I A; I K; I h; I Potassium; Glutamate;
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Schizophr
readme.txt
distr.mod *
Gfluct.mod
h.mod *
kadist.mod *
kaprox.mod *
kdrca1.mod *
na3n.mod *
naxn.mod *
netstims.mod *
average.hoc
c033-all-seeds.txt
condu.txt
fixnseg.hoc *
geo9068802.hoc
mosinit.hoc
schizopr.ses
sim_9068802-test.hoc
                            
TITLE I-h channel from Magee 1998 for distal dendrites

UNITS {
	(mA) = (milliamp)
	(mV) = (millivolt)

}

PARAMETER {
	v 		(mV)
        ehd  		(mV)        
	celsius 	(degC)
	ghdbar=.0001 	(mho/cm2)
        vhalfl=-81   	(mV)
	kl=-8
        vhalft=-75   	(mV)
        a0t=0.011      	(/ms)
        zetat=2.2    	(1)
        gmt=.4   	(1)
	q10=4.5
	qtl=1
}


NEURON {
	SUFFIX hd
	NONSPECIFIC_CURRENT i
        RANGE ghdbar, vhalfl
        GLOBAL linf,taul
}

STATE {
        l
}

ASSIGNED {
	i (mA/cm2)
        linf      
        taul
        ghd
}

INITIAL {
	rate(v)
	l=linf
}


BREAKPOINT {
	SOLVE states METHOD cnexp
	ghd = ghdbar*l
	i = ghd*(v-ehd)

}


FUNCTION alpt(v(mV)) {
  alpt = exp(0.0378*zetat*(v-vhalft)) 
}

FUNCTION bett(v(mV)) {
  bett = exp(0.0378*zetat*gmt*(v-vhalft)) 
}

DERIVATIVE states {     : exact when v held constant; integrates over dt step
        rate(v)
        l' =  (linf - l)/taul
}

PROCEDURE rate(v (mV)) { :callable from hoc
        LOCAL a,qt
        qt=q10^((celsius-33)/10)
        a = alpt(v)
        linf = 1/(1 + exp(-(v-vhalfl)/kl))
:       linf = 1/(1+ alpl(v))
        taul = bett(v)/(qtl*qt*a0t*(1+a))
}















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