CA1 pyramidal neuron: depolarization block (Bianchi et al. 2012)

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Accession:143719
NEURON files from the paper: On the mechanisms underlying the depolarization block in the spiking dynamics of CA1 pyramidal neurons by D.Bianchi, A. Marasco, A.Limongiello, C.Marchetti, H.Marie,B.Tirozzi, M.Migliore (2012). J Comput. Neurosci. In press. DOI: 10.1007/s10827-012-0383-y. Experimental findings shown that under sustained input current of increasing strength neurons eventually stop firing, entering a depolarization block. We analyze the spiking dynamics of CA1 pyramidal neuron models using the same set of ionic currents on both an accurate morphological reconstruction and on its reduction to a single-compartment. The results show the specic ion channel properties and kinetics that are needed to reproduce the experimental findings, and how their interplay can drastically modulate the neuronal dynamics and the input current range leading to depolarization block.
Reference:
1 . Bianchi D, Marasco A, Limongiello A, Marchetti C, Marie H, Tirozzi B, Migliore M (2012) On the mechanisms underlying the depolarization block in the spiking dynamics of CA1 pyramidal neurons. J Comput Neurosci 33:207-25 [PubMed]
Model Information (Click on a link to find other models with that property)
Model Type: Neuron or other electrically excitable cell;
Brain Region(s)/Organism: Hippocampus;
Cell Type(s): Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal GLU cell;
Channel(s): I Na,t; I A; I K; I M; I h; I K,Ca; I_AHP;
Gap Junctions:
Receptor(s): GabaA; AMPA; NMDA;
Gene(s):
Transmitter(s): Gaba; Glutamate;
Simulation Environment: NEURON; Mathematica;
Model Concept(s): Simplified Models; Depolarization block; Bifurcation;
Implementer(s): Bianchi, Daniela [danielabianchi12 -at- gmail.com]; Limongiello, Alessandro [alessandro.limongiello at unina.it];
Search NeuronDB for information about:  Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal GLU cell; GabaA; AMPA; NMDA; I Na,t; I A; I K; I M; I h; I K,Ca; I_AHP; Gaba; Glutamate;
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Ca1_Bianchi
morphology
n123
apical-non-trunk-list.hoc *
apical-tip-list.hoc *
apical-tip-list-addendum.hoc *
apical-trunk-list.hoc *
axon-sec-list.hoc *
basal-paths.hoc *
basal-tree-list.hoc *
cell.hoc *
cell-analysis.hoc *
n123.hoc *
oblique-paths.hoc *
peri-trunk-list.hoc *
soma-list.hoc *
                            
// This function loads all morphology-related files and templates that will 
// most probably be needed in the experiments to follow.
// written by Terrence Brannon, modified Yiota Poirazi, July 2001, poirazi@LNC.usc.edu

objref vRP, vAPEX

proc cell_analysis() {

  load_template("ObliquePath")
  load_template("BasalPath")

  forall insert d3   // mod file to enable 3-D mapping of each point along the cell

  $o1.defvar("Distance Calculation", "adjustment", "41.1", "This adjustment factor is supplied to the vector distance function so that distance calculations are measured at the cell body.")

  $o1.xopen_library("Terrence","vector-distance")

  vRP=new Vector()
  access  apical_dendrite[4]   // set point of reference (if adjustment=0). With adjustment factor = 41.1
  vcreate(vRP)                 // the point of reference is the soma

  vAPEX=new Vector()
  access apical_dendrite[92]  // set the apex point
  vcreate2(vAPEX,0.5)

  $o1.xopen_geometry_dependent("soma-list")
  $o1.xopen_geometry_dependent("axon-sec-list")
  $o1.xopen_geometry_dependent("basal-tree-list")
  $o1.xopen_geometry_dependent("apical-tip-list")
  $o1.xopen_geometry_dependent("apical-tip-list-addendum")
  $o1.xopen_geometry_dependent("apical-trunk-list")
  $o1.xopen_geometry_dependent("peri-trunk-list")
  $o1.xopen_geometry_dependent("apical-non-trunk-list")
  $o1.xopen_geometry_dependent("oblique-paths")
  $o1.xopen_geometry_dependent("basal-paths")
  //$o1.xopen_geometry_dependent("superlinear-apical-tip-list")
  
  //sprint($o1.syscmd, "mv soma-list.eps axon-sec-list.eps %s", $o1.generic_dir)
  //system($o1.syscmd)
  //sprint($o1.syscmd, "mv apical-tip-list.eps  %s", $o1.generic_dir)
  //system($o1.syscmd)
  //sprint($o1.syscmd, "mv apical-tip-list-addendum.eps  %s", $o1.generic_dir)
  //system($o1.syscmd)
  //sprint($o1.syscmd, "mv apical-trunk-list.eps %s", $o1.generic_dir)
  //system($o1.syscmd)
  //sprint($o1.syscmd, "mv apical-non-trunk-list.eps %s", $o1.generic_dir)
  //system($o1.syscmd)
  //sprint($o1.syscmd, "mv basal-tree-list.eps %s", $o1.generic_dir)
  //system($o1.syscmd)

}










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