Modulation of hippocampal rhythms by electric fields and network topology (Berzhanskaya et al. 2013)

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Accession:144589
“… Here we present experimental and computational evidence of the interplay among hippocampal synaptic circuitry, neuronal morphology, external electric fields, and network activity. Electrophysiological data are used to constrain and validate an anatomically and biophysically realistic model of area CA1 containing pyramidal cells and two interneuron types: dendritic- and perisomatic-targeting. We report two lines of results: addressing the network structure capable of generating theta-modulated gamma rhythms, and demonstrating electric field effects on those rhythms. First, theta-modulated gamma rhythms require specific inhibitory connectivity. … The second major finding is that subthreshold electric fields robustly alter the balance between different rhythms. …”
Reference:
1 . Berzhanskaya J, Chernyy N, Gluckman BJ, Schiff SJ, Ascoli GA (2013) Modulation of hippocampal rhythms by subthreshold electric fields and network topology. J Comput Neurosci 34(3):369-389 [PubMed]
Model Information (Click on a link to find other models with that property)
Model Type: Realistic Network; Extracellular;
Brain Region(s)/Organism:
Cell Type(s): Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal cell;
Channel(s):
Gap Junctions:
Receptor(s):
Gene(s):
Transmitter(s):
Simulation Environment: NEURON;
Model Concept(s): Brain Rhythms;
Implementer(s):
Search NeuronDB for information about:  Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal cell;
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BerzThetaGamm2013
readme.txt
h.mod
kadist.mod *
kaprox.mod *
kdrca1.mod *
na3.mod *
nax.mod *
xtra.mod
CurRun.ses
GraphandElf.ses
HipNetStart.hoc
interpxyz.hoc
mosinit.hoc
netwOPb.hoc
setpointers.hoc
                            
TITLE K-DR channel
: from Klee Ficker and Heinemann
: modified to account for Dax et al.
: M.Migliore 1997

UNITS {
	(mA) = (milliamp)
	(mV) = (millivolt)

}

PARAMETER {
	v (mV)
        ek (mV)		: must be explicitely def. in hoc
	celsius		(degC)
	gkdrbar=.003 (mho/cm2)
        vhalfn=13   (mV)
        a0n=0.02      (/ms)
        zetan=-3    (1)
        gmn=0.7  (1)
	nmax=2  (1)
	q10=1
}


NEURON {
	SUFFIX kdr
	USEION k READ ek WRITE ik
        RANGE gkdr,gkdrbar
	GLOBAL ninf,taun
}

STATE {
	n
}

ASSIGNED {
	ik (mA/cm2)
        ninf
        gkdr
        taun
}

BREAKPOINT {
	SOLVE states METHOD cnexp
	gkdr = gkdrbar*n
	ik = gkdr*(v-ek)

}

INITIAL {
	rates(v)
	n=ninf
}


FUNCTION alpn(v(mV)) {
  alpn = exp(1.e-3*zetan*(v-vhalfn)*9.648e4/(8.315*(273.16+celsius))) 
}

FUNCTION betn(v(mV)) {
  betn = exp(1.e-3*zetan*gmn*(v-vhalfn)*9.648e4/(8.315*(273.16+celsius))) 
}

DERIVATIVE states {     : exact when v held constant; integrates over dt step
        rates(v)
        n' = (ninf - n)/taun
}

PROCEDURE rates(v (mV)) { :callable from hoc
        LOCAL a,qt
        qt=q10^((celsius-24)/10)
        a = alpn(v)
        ninf = 1/(1+a)
        taun = betn(v)/(qt*a0n*(1+a))
	if (taun<nmax) {taun=nmax}
}















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