Synaptic scaling balances learning in a spiking model of neocortex (Rowan & Neymotin 2013)

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Accession:147141
Learning in the brain requires complementary mechanisms: potentiation and activity-dependent homeostatic scaling. We introduce synaptic scaling to a biologically-realistic spiking model of neocortex which can learn changes in oscillatory rhythms using STDP, and show that scaling is necessary to balance both positive and negative changes in input from potentiation and atrophy. We discuss some of the issues that arise when considering synaptic scaling in such a model, and show that scaling regulates activity whilst allowing learning to remain unaltered.
Reference:
1 . Rowan MS,Neymotin SA (2013) Synaptic Scaling Balances Learning in a Spiking Model of Neocortex Adaptive and Natural Computing Algorithms, Tomassini M, Antonioni A, Daolio F, Buesser P, ed. pp.20
Model Information (Click on a link to find other models with that property)
Model Type: Realistic Network;
Brain Region(s)/Organism: Neocortex;
Cell Type(s): Neocortex V1 pyramidal corticothalamic L6 cell; Neocortex V1 pyramidal intratelencephalic L2-5 cell; Neocortex V1 interneuron basket PV cell; Neocortex fast spiking (FS) interneuron; Neocortex spiny stellate cell; Neocortex spiking regular (RS) neuron; Neocortex spiking low threshold (LTS) neuron; Abstract integrate-and-fire adaptive exponential (AdEx) neuron;
Channel(s):
Gap Junctions:
Receptor(s): GabaA; AMPA; NMDA;
Gene(s):
Transmitter(s): Gaba; Glutamate;
Simulation Environment: NEURON; Python;
Model Concept(s): Synaptic Plasticity; Long-term Synaptic Plasticity; Learning; STDP; Homeostasis;
Implementer(s): Lytton, William [billl at neurosim.downstate.edu]; Neymotin, Sam [samn at neurosim.downstate.edu]; Rowan, Mark [m.s.rowan at cs.bham.ac.uk];
Search NeuronDB for information about:  Neocortex V1 pyramidal corticothalamic L6 cell; Neocortex V1 pyramidal intratelencephalic L2-5 cell; Neocortex V1 interneuron basket PV cell; GabaA; AMPA; NMDA; Gaba; Glutamate;
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stdpscalingpaper
batchscripts
mod
README
alz.hoc
autotune.hoc *
basestdp.hoc *
batch.hoc *
batch2.hoc *
batchcommon
checkirreg.hoc *
clusterrun.sh
col.dot *
col.hoc *
comppowspec.hoc *
condisconcellfig.hoc *
condisconpowfig.hoc *
declist.hoc *
decmat.hoc *
decnqs.hoc *
decvec.hoc *
default.hoc *
drline.hoc *
e2hubsdisconpow.hoc *
e2incconpow.hoc *
filtutils.hoc *
geom.hoc *
graphplug.hoc *
grvec.hoc *
init.hoc *
labels.hoc *
load.hoc *
local.hoc *
makepopspikenq.hoc *
matfftpowplug.hoc *
matpmtmplug.hoc *
matpmtmsubpopplug.hoc *
matspecplug.hoc *
network.hoc *
nload.hoc *
nqpplug.hoc *
nqs.hoc *
nqsnet.hoc *
nrnoc.hoc *
params.hoc
plot.py
plotbatch.sh
plotbatchcluster.sh
powchgtest.hoc *
python.hoc *
pywrap.hoc *
redE2.hoc *
run.hoc
runsim.sh
setup.hoc *
shufmua.hoc *
sim.hoc
simctrl.hoc *
spkts.hoc *
stats.hoc *
stdpscaling.hoc
syncode.hoc *
vsampenplug.hoc *
writedata.hoc
xgetargs.hoc *
                            
// $Id: simctrl.hoc,v 1.14 2000/11/27 21:59:33 billl Exp $
// Graphic routines for neuremacs simulation control

proc sim_panel () {
  xpanel(simname)
        xvarlabel(output_file)
	xbutton("Init", "stdinit()")
	xbutton("Init & Run", "run()")
	xbutton("Stop", "stoprun=1")
	xbutton("Continue till Tstop", "continueRun(tstop)")
	xvalue("Continue till", "runStopAt", 1, "{continueRun(runStopAt) stoprun=1}", 1, 1)
	xvalue("Continue for", "runStopIn", 1, "{continueRun(t + runStopIn) stoprun=1}", 1,1)
	xbutton("Single Step", "steprun()")
	xvalue("Tstop", "tstop", 1, "tstop_changed()", 0, 1)
	graphmenu()
	sim_menu_bar()
	misc_menu_bar()
  xpanel()
}

proc misc_menu_bar() {
  xmenu("Miscellaneous")
    xbutton("Label Graphs", "labelgrs()")
    xbutton("Label With String", "labelwith()")
    xbutton("Label Panel", "labelpanel()")
	xbutton("Parameterized Function", "load_template(\"FunctionFitter\") makefitter()")
  xmenu()
}

proc sim_menu_bar() {
  xmenu("Simulation Control")
    xbutton("File Vers", "elisp(\"sim-current-files\")")
    xbutton("File Status...", "elisp(\"sim-rcs-status\")")
    xbutton("Sim Status", "elisp(\"sim-portrait\")")
    xbutton("Load Current Files", "elisp(\"sim-load-sim\")")
    xbutton("Load Templates", "elisp(\"sim-load-templates\")") 
    xbutton("Load File...", "elisp(\"sim-load-file\")") 
    xbutton("Save Sim...", "elisp(\"sim-save-sim\")")
    xbutton("Set File Vers...", "elisp(\"sim-set-file-ver\")")
    xbutton("Read Current Vers From Index", "elisp(\"sim-read-index-file\")")
    xbutton("Read Last Saved Vers", "elisp(\"sim-read-recent-versions\")")
    xbutton("Output to sim buffer", "elisp(\"sim-direct-output\")")
  xmenu()
}

proc labelpanel() {
  xpanel(simname,1)
	xvarlabel(output_file)
  xpanel()
}

proc labels () {
  labelwith($s1)
  labelgrs()
}

proc labelgrs () { local i, j, cnt
  for j=0,n_graph_lists-1 {
    cnt = graphList[j].count() - 1
    for i=0,cnt labelgr(graphList[j].object(i))
  }
}

proc labelwith () { local i, j, cnt
  temp_string_ = user_string_  // save the old one
  if (numarg() == 1) { /* interactive mode */  
    user_string_ = $s1
  } else {
    string_dialog("write what?", user_string_)
  }
  for j=0,n_graph_lists-1 {
    cnt = graphList[j].count() - 1
    for i=0,cnt {
      graphList[j].object(i).color(0)
      graphList[j].object(i).label(0.5,0.9,temp_string_)
      graphList[j].object(i).color(1)
      graphList[j].object(i).label(0.5,0.9,user_string_)
    }
  }
}

proc labelgr () { local i
  $o1.color(0)  // white overwrite
  for (i=0;i<10;i=i+1) { // erase every possible runnum for this date
    sprint(temp_string_,"%s %d%d",datestr,i,i)
    $o1.label(0.1,0.7,temp_string_) }
  $o1.color(1) // back to basic black
  sprint(temp_string_,"%s %02d",datestr,runnum)
  $o1.label(0.1,0.7,temp_string_)
}


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