Calcium influx during striatal upstates (Evans et al. 2013)

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"... To investigate the mechanisms that underlie the relationship between calcium and AP timing, we have developed a realistic biophysical model of a medium spiny neuron (MSN). ... Using this model, we found that either the slow inactivation of dendritic sodium channels (NaSI) or the calcium inactivation of voltage-gated calcium channels (CDI) can cause high calcium corresponding to early APs and lower calcium corresponding to later APs. We found that only CDI can account for the experimental observation that sensitivity to AP timing is dependent on NMDA receptors. Additional simulations demonstrated a mechanism by which MSNs can dynamically modulate their sensitivity to AP timing and show that sensitivity to specifically timed pre- and postsynaptic pairings (as in spike timing-dependent plasticity protocols) is altered by the timing of the pairing within the upstate. …"
1 . Evans RC, Maniar YM, Blackwell KT (2013) Dynamic modulation of spike timing dependent calcium influx during cortico-striatal upstates. J Neurophysiol 110(7):1631-1645 [PubMed]
Model Information (Click on a link to find other models with that property)
Model Type: Neuron or other electrically excitable cell;
Brain Region(s)/Organism: Striatum;
Cell Type(s): Neostriatum spiny direct pathway neuron;
Channel(s): I Na,t; I L high threshold; I N; I A; I K; I K,Ca; I A, slow; I Krp; I R;
Gap Junctions:
Receptor(s): AMPA; NMDA; Gaba;
Gene(s): Cav1.3 CACNA1D; Cav1.2 CACNA1C; Cav2.2 CACNA1B;
Simulation Environment: GENESIS;
Model Concept(s): Oscillations; STDP; Calcium dynamics;
Implementer(s): Evans, Rebekah [Rebekah.Evans at];
Search NeuronDB for information about:  Neostriatum spiny direct pathway neuron; AMPA; NMDA; Gaba; I Na,t; I L high threshold; I N; I A; I K; I K,Ca; I A, slow; I Krp; I R;
//these two functions used to provide random spike synaptic input to neuron

function makeinputpre(rate, path)
    str rate
	str path
    create randomspike {path}/randomspike
    setfield ^ min_amp 1.0 max_amp 1.0 rate {rate} reset 1 reset_value 0	
function makeinputpost(pathspike, path) 
	str path
	int msgnum
	addmsg {pathspike} {path} SPIKE
    msgnum = {getfield {path} nsynapses} - 1
    setfield {path} \
    synapse[{msgnum}].weight 1 synapse[{msgnum}].delay 0

function stopinput(path)
str path
deletemsg {path} 2 -incoming

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