Long time windows from theta modulated inhib. in entorhinal–hippo. loop (Cutsuridis & Poirazi 2015)

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Accession:181967
"A recent experimental study (Mizuseki et al., 2009) has shown that the temporal delays between population activities in successive entorhinal and hippocampal anatomical stages are longer (about 70–80 ms) than expected from axon conduction velocities and passive synaptic integration of feed-forward excitatory inputs. We investigate via computer simulations the mechanisms that give rise to such long temporal delays in the hippocampus structures. ... The model shows that the experimentally reported long temporal delays in the DG, CA3 and CA1 hippocampal regions are due to theta modulated somatic and axonic inhibition..."
Reference:
1 . Cutsuridis V, Poirazi P (2015) A computational study on how theta modulated inhibition can account for the long temporal windows in the entorhinal-hippocampal loop. Neurobiol Learn Mem 120:69-83 [PubMed]
Model Information (Click on a link to find other models with that property)
Model Type: Realistic Network;
Brain Region(s)/Organism:
Cell Type(s): Dentate gyrus granule cell; Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal cell; Hippocampus CA3 pyramidal cell; Hippocampus CA3 interneuron basket cell; Dentate gyrus mossy cell; Dentate gyrus basket cell; Dentate gyrus hilar cell; Hippocampus CA1 basket cell; Hippocampus CA3 stratum oriens lacunosum-moleculare interneuron; Hippocampus CA1 bistratified cell; Hippocampus CA1 axo-axonic cell; Hippocampus CA3 axo-axonic cells;
Channel(s): I Na,t; I L high threshold; I N; I T low threshold; I A; I K; I M; I h; I K,Ca; I_AHP;
Gap Junctions:
Receptor(s): GabaA; AMPA; NMDA;
Gene(s):
Transmitter(s):
Simulation Environment: NEURON;
Model Concept(s): Pattern Recognition; Temporal Pattern Generation; Spatio-temporal Activity Patterns; Brain Rhythms; Storage/recall;
Implementer(s): Cutsuridis, Vassilis [vcutsuridis at gmail.com];
Search NeuronDB for information about:  Dentate gyrus granule cell; Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal cell; Hippocampus CA3 pyramidal cell; Hippocampus CA3 interneuron basket cell; GabaA; AMPA; NMDA; I Na,t; I L high threshold; I N; I T low threshold; I A; I K; I M; I h; I K,Ca; I_AHP;
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CutsuridisPoirazi2015
Results
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readme.html
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TITLE Ca R-type channel with medium threshold for activation
: used in somatic regions. It has lower threshold for activation/inactivation
: and slower activation time constant
: than the same mechanism in dendritic regions
: uses channel conductance (not permeability)
: written by Yiota Poirazi on 3/12/01 poirazi@LNC.usc.edu

NEURON {
	SUFFIX somacar
	USEION ca READ eca WRITE ica
        RANGE gcabar, m, h
	RANGE inf, fac, tau
}

UNITS {
	(mA) = (milliamp)
	(mV) = (millivolt)
}

INDEPENDENT {t FROM 0 TO 1 WITH 1 (ms)}

PARAMETER {      : parameters that can be entered when function is called in cell-setup
        v               (mV)
	dt              (ms)
 	celsius = 34	(degC)
        gcabar = 0      (mho/cm2) : initialized conductance
	eca = 140       (mV)      : Ca++ reversal potential
        }

STATE {	m h }   : unknown activation and inactivation parameters to be solved in the DEs

ASSIGNED {      : parameters needed to solve DE
	ica (mA/cm2)
        inf[2]
	fac[2]
	tau[2]
}

BREAKPOINT {
	SOLVE states
	ica = gcabar*m*m*m*h*(v - eca)
	}

INITIAL {
	m = 0    : initial activation parameter value
	h = 1    : initial inactivation parameter value
	states()
	ica = gcabar*m*m*m*h*(v - eca)  : initial Ca++ current value
        }

PROCEDURE calcg() {
	mhn(v*1(/mV))
	m = m + fac[0]*(inf[0] - m)
	h = h + fac[1]*(inf[1] - h)
	}	

PROCEDURE states() {	: exact when v held constant
	calcg()
	VERBATIM
	return 0;
	ENDVERBATIM
}

FUNCTION varss(v, i) {
	if (i==0) {
	   varss = 1 / (1 + exp((v+60)/(-3))) :Ca activation
	}
	else if (i==1) {
           varss = 1/ (1 + exp((v+62)/(1)))   :Ca inactivation
	}
}

FUNCTION vartau(v, i) {
	if (i==0) {
           vartau = 100  : activation variable time constant
        }
	else if (i==1) {
           vartau = 5    : inactivation variable time constant
       }
	
}	

PROCEDURE mhn(v) {LOCAL a, b :rest = -70
:	TABLE inf, fac DEPEND dt, celsius FROM -100 TO 100 WITH 200
	FROM i=0 TO 1 {
		tau[i] = vartau(v,i)
		inf[i] = varss(v,i)
		fac[i] = (1 - exp(-dt/tau[i]))
	}
}
















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