Layer V pyramidal cell model with reduced morphology (Mäki-Marttunen et al 2018)

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Accession:187474
" ... In this work, we develop and apply an automated, stepwise method for fitting a neuron model to data with fine spatial resolution, such as that achievable with voltage sensitive dyes (VSDs) and Ca2+ imaging. ... We apply our method to simulated data from layer 5 pyramidal cells (L5PCs) and construct a model with reduced neuronal morphology. We connect the reduced-morphology neurons into a network and validate against simulated data from a high-resolution L5PC network model. ..."
References:
1 . Hay E, Hill S, Schürmann F, Markram H, Segev I (2011) Models of neocortical layer 5b pyramidal cells capturing a wide range of dendritic and perisomatic active properties. PLoS Comput Biol 7:e1002107 [PubMed]
2 . Hay E, Segev I (2015) Dendritic Excitability and Gain Control in Recurrent Cortical Microcircuits. Cereb Cortex 25:3561-71 [PubMed]
3 . Mäki-Marttunen T, Halnes G, Devor A, Metzner C, Dale AM, Andreassen OA, Einevoll GT (2018) A stepwise neuron model fitting procedure designed for recordings with high spatial resolution: Application to layer 5 pyramidal cells. J Neurosci Methods 293:264-283 [PubMed]
Model Information (Click on a link to find other models with that property)
Model Type: Neuron or other electrically excitable cell;
Brain Region(s)/Organism: Neocortex;
Cell Type(s): Neocortex L5/6 pyramidal GLU cell;
Channel(s): I Na,p; I Na,t; I L high threshold; I T low threshold; I A; I M; I h; I K,Ca; I Calcium; I A, slow;
Gap Junctions:
Receptor(s):
Gene(s):
Transmitter(s):
Simulation Environment: NEURON; NEURON (web link to model); Python; NeuroML;
Model Concept(s):
Implementer(s): Maki-Marttunen, Tuomo [tuomo.maki-marttunen at tut.fi]; Metzner, Christoph [c.metzner at herts.ac.uk];
Search NeuronDB for information about:  Neocortex L5/6 pyramidal GLU cell; I Na,p; I Na,t; I L high threshold; I T low threshold; I A; I M; I h; I K,Ca; I Calcium; I A, slow;
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reducedhaymodel
single_cell
models
README.html
Ca_HVA.mod *
Ca_LVAst.mod *
CaDynamics_E2.mod *
epsp.mod *
Ih.mod *
Im.mod *
K_Pst.mod *
K_Tst.mod *
Nap_Et2.mod *
NaTa_t.mod *
SK_E2.mod *
SKv3_1.mod *
fullhay_run_1.dat
fullhay_run_2.dat
fullhay_run_3.dat
fullhay_run_3a.dat
mosinit.hoc
run_ctrl_vgraph.ses
runmodel.hoc
runmodel.py
screenshot.png
                            
: this model is built-in to neuron with suffix epsp
: Schaefer et al. 2003

COMMENT
modified from syn2.mod
injected current with exponential rise and decay current defined by
         i = 0 for t < onset and
         i=amp*((1-exp(-(t-onset)/tau0))-(1-exp(-(t-onset)/tau1)))
          for t > onset

	compare to experimental current injection:
 	i = - amp*(1-exp(-t/t1))*(exp(-t/t2))

	-> tau1==t2   tau0 ^-1 = t1^-1 + t2^-1
ENDCOMMENT
					       
INDEPENDENT {t FROM 0 TO 1 WITH 1 (ms)}

NEURON {
	POINT_PROCESS epsp
	RANGE onset, tau0, tau1, imax, i, myv
	NONSPECIFIC_CURRENT i
}
UNITS {
	(nA) = (nanoamp)
	(mV) = (millivolt)
	(umho) = (micromho)
}

PARAMETER {
	onset=0  (ms)
	tau0=0.2 (ms)
	tau1=3.0 (ms)
	imax=0 	 (nA)
	v	 (mV)
}

ASSIGNED { i (nA)  myv (mV)}

LOCAL   a[2]
LOCAL   tpeak
LOCAL   adjust
LOCAL   amp

BREAKPOINT {
	myv = v
        i = curr(t)
}

FUNCTION myexp(x) {
	if (x < -100) {
	myexp = 0
	}else{
	myexp = exp(x)
	}
}

FUNCTION curr(x) {				
	tpeak=tau0*tau1*log(tau0/tau1)/(tau0-tau1)
	adjust=1/((1-myexp(-tpeak/tau0))-(1-myexp(-tpeak/tau1)))
	amp=adjust*imax
	if (x < onset) {
		curr = 0
	}else{
		a[0]=1-myexp(-(x-onset)/tau0)
		a[1]=1-myexp(-(x-onset)/tau1)
		curr = -amp*(a[0]-a[1])
	}
}

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