Hippocampal CA1 NN with spontaneous theta, gamma: full scale & network clamp (Bezaire et al 2016)

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Accession:187604
This model is a full-scale, biologically constrained rodent hippocampal CA1 network model that includes 9 cells types (pyramidal cells and 8 interneurons) with realistic proportions of each and realistic connectivity between the cells. In addition, the model receives realistic numbers of afferents from artificial cells representing hippocampal CA3 and entorhinal cortical layer III. The model is fully scaleable and parallelized so that it can be run at small scale on a personal computer or large scale on a supercomputer. The model network exhibits spontaneous theta and gamma rhythms without any rhythmic input. The model network can be perturbed in a variety of ways to better study the mechanisms of CA1 network dynamics. Also see online code at http://bitbucket.org/mbezaire/ca1 and further information at http://mariannebezaire.com/models/ca1
References:
1 . Bezaire MJ, Raikov I, Burk K, Vyas D, Soltesz I (2016) Interneuronal mechanisms of hippocampal theta oscillations in a full-scale model of the rodent CA1 circuit. Elife [PubMed]
2 . Bezaire M, Raikov I, Burk K, Armstrong C, Soltesz I (2016) SimTracker tool and code template to design, manage and analyze neural network model simulations in parallel NEURON bioRxiv
Model Information (Click on a link to find other models with that property)
Model Type: Realistic Network;
Brain Region(s)/Organism: Hippocampus;
Cell Type(s): Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal GLU cell; Hippocampus CA1 interneuron oriens alveus GABA cell; Hippocampus CA1 basket cell; Hippocampus CA1 stratum radiatum interneuron; Hippocampus CA1 bistratified cell; Hippocampus CA1 axo-axonic cell; Hippocampus CA1 PV+ fast-firing interneuron;
Channel(s): I Na,t; I K; I K,leak; I h; I K,Ca; I Calcium;
Gap Junctions:
Receptor(s): GabaA; GabaB; Glutamate; Gaba;
Gene(s):
Transmitter(s): Gaba; Glutamate;
Simulation Environment: NEURON; NEURON (web link to model);
Model Concept(s): Oscillations; Methods; Connectivity matrix; Laminar Connectivity; Gamma oscillations;
Implementer(s): Bezaire, Marianne [mariannejcase at gmail.com]; Raikov, Ivan [ivan.g.raikov at gmail.com];
Search NeuronDB for information about:  Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal GLU cell; Hippocampus CA1 interneuron oriens alveus GABA cell; GabaA; GabaB; Glutamate; Gaba; I Na,t; I K; I K,leak; I h; I K,Ca; I Calcium; Gaba; Glutamate;
TITLE A-type potassium channel (voltage dependent)

COMMENT
A-type K+ channel (voltage dependent)

Ions: k

Style: quasi-ohmic

From: Modified from Klee Ficker and Heinemann

Updates:
2014 December (Marianne Bezaire): documented
2001      (Michele Migliore): modified to be used with cvode 
1997 June (Michele Migliore): modified to account for Dax A Current
ENDCOMMENT



UNITS {
	(mA) = (milliamp)
	(mV) = (millivolt)

}

PARAMETER {
	v (mV)
	celsius		(degC)
	gmax=.008 (mho/cm2)
	vhalfn=11   (mV)
	vhalfl=-56   (mV)
	a0l=0.05      (/ms)
	a0n=0.05    (/ms)
	zetan=-1.5    (1)
	zetal=3    (1)
	gmn=0.55   (1)
	gml=1   (1)
	lmin=2  (mS)
	nmin=0.1  (mS)
	pw=-1    (1)
	tq=-40
	qq=5
	q10=5
	qtl=1
	ek
	e
}


NEURON {
	SUFFIX ch_KvAproxp
	USEION k READ ek WRITE ik
	RANGE gmax, myi, e, g
	GLOBAL ninf,linf,taul,taun,lmin
}

STATE {
	n
        l
}

ASSIGNED {
	ik (mA/cm2)
	myi (mA/cm2)
	ninf
	linf      
	taul
	taun
	g
}

INITIAL {
	rates(v)
	n=ninf
	l=linf
}


BREAKPOINT {
	SOLVE states METHOD cnexp
	g = gmax*n*l
	ik = g*(v-ek)
	myi = ik
}


FUNCTION alpn(v(mV)) {
LOCAL zeta
  zeta=zetan+pw/(1+exp((v-tq)/qq))
  alpn = exp(1.e-3*zeta*(v-vhalfn)*9.648e4/(8.315*(273.16+celsius))) 
}

FUNCTION betn(v(mV)) {
LOCAL zeta
  zeta=zetan+pw/(1+exp((v-tq)/qq))
  betn = exp(1.e-3*zeta*gmn*(v-vhalfn)*9.648e4/(8.315*(273.16+celsius))) 
}

FUNCTION alpl(v(mV)) {
  alpl = exp(1.e-3*zetal*(v-vhalfl)*9.648e4/(8.315*(273.16+celsius))) 
}

FUNCTION betl(v(mV)) {
  betl = exp(1.e-3*zetal*gml*(v-vhalfl)*9.648e4/(8.315*(273.16+celsius))) 
}

DERIVATIVE states {     : exact when v held constant; integrates over dt step
        rates(v)
        n' = (ninf - n)/taun
        l' =  (linf - l)/taul
}

PROCEDURE rates(v (mV)) { :callable from hoc
        LOCAL a,qt
        qt=q10^((celsius-24)/10)
        a = alpn(v)
        ninf = 1/(1 + a)
        taun = betn(v)/(qt*a0n*(1+a))
	if (taun<nmin) {taun=nmin}
        a = alpl(v)
        linf = 1/(1+ a)
	taul = 0.26*(v+50)/qtl
	if (taul<lmin/qtl) {taul=lmin/qtl}
}

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