Biophysically realistic neuron models for simulation of cortical stimulation (Aberra et al. 2018)

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Accession:241165
This archive instantiates the single-cell cortical models used in (Aberra et al. 2018) and sets up extracellular stimulation with either a point-current source, to simulate intracortical microstimulation (ICMS), or a uniform E-field distribution, with a monophasic, rectangular pulse waveform in both cases.
Reference:
1 . Aberra AS, Peterchev AV, Grill WM (2018) Biophysically realistic neuron models for simulation of cortical stimulation J. Neural Eng. [PubMed]
Model Information (Click on a link to find other models with that property)
Model Type: Neuron or other electrically excitable cell; Axon;
Brain Region(s)/Organism: Neocortex; Barrel cortex;
Cell Type(s): Myelinated neuron;
Channel(s):
Gap Junctions:
Receptor(s):
Gene(s):
Transmitter(s):
Simulation Environment: NEURON;
Model Concept(s): Action Potential Initiation; Detailed Neuronal Models;
Implementer(s): Aberra, Aman [aman.aberra at duke.edu];
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AberraEtAl2018
cells
L6_TPC_L4_cADpyr231_4
mechanisms
Ca_HVA.mod *
Ca_LVAst.mod *
CaDynamics_E2.mod *
Ih.mod *
Im.mod *
K_Pst.mod *
K_Tst.mod *
Nap_Et2.mod *
NaTa_t.mod *
NaTs2_t.mod *
ProbAMPANMDA_EMS.mod *
ProbGABAAB_EMS.mod *
SK_E2.mod *
SKv3_1.mod *
                            
:Comment : LVA ca channel. Note: mtau is an approximation from the plots
:Reference : :		Avery and Johnston 1996, tau from Randall 1997
:Comment: shifted by -10 mv to correct for junction potential
:Comment: corrected rates using q10 = 2.3, target temperature 34, orginal 21

NEURON	{
	SUFFIX Ca_LVAst
	USEION ca READ eca WRITE ica
	RANGE gCa_LVAstbar, gCa_LVAst, ica
}

UNITS	{
	(S) = (siemens)
	(mV) = (millivolt)
	(mA) = (milliamp)
}

PARAMETER	{
	gCa_LVAstbar = 0.00001 (S/cm2)
}

ASSIGNED	{
	v	(mV)
	eca	(mV)
	ica	(mA/cm2)
	gCa_LVAst	(S/cm2)
	mInf
	mTau
	hInf
	hTau
}

STATE	{
	m
	h
}

BREAKPOINT	{
	SOLVE states METHOD cnexp
	gCa_LVAst = gCa_LVAstbar*m*m*h
	ica = gCa_LVAst*(v-eca)
}

DERIVATIVE states	{
	rates()
	m' = (mInf-m)/mTau
	h' = (hInf-h)/hTau
}

INITIAL{
	rates()
	m = mInf
	h = hInf
}

PROCEDURE rates(){
  LOCAL qt
  qt = 2.3^((34-21)/10)

	UNITSOFF
		v = v + 10
		mInf = 1.0000/(1+ exp((v - -30.000)/-6))
		mTau = (5.0000 + 20.0000/(1+exp((v - -25.000)/5)))/qt
		hInf = 1.0000/(1+ exp((v - -80.000)/6.4))
		hTau = (20.0000 + 50.0000/(1+exp((v - -40.000)/7)))/qt
		v = v - 10
	UNITSON
}

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