"... The model
hereby clarifies, for the first time, how the following levels of brain organization coexist to realize
cognitive processing properties that regulate fast learning and stable memory of brain representations:
single cell properties, such as spiking dynamics, spike-timing-dependent plasticity (STDP), and
acetylcholine modulation; detailed laminar thalamic and cortical circuit designs and their interactions;
aggregate cell recordings, such as current-source densities and local field potentials; and single cell and
large-scale inter-areal oscillations in the gamma and beta frequency domains. ..."
Grossberg S and Versace M (2008) Spikes, synchrony, and attentive learning by laminar thalamocortical circuits Brain Research [PubMed]