Modulation of septo-hippocampal theta activity by GABAA receptors (Hajos et al. 2004)

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Theta frequency oscillation of the septo-hippocampal system has been considered as a prominent activity associated with cognitive function and affective processes. ... In the present experiments we applied a combination of computational and physiological techniques to explore the functional role of GABAA receptors in theta oscillation. ... In parallel to these experimental observations, a computational model has been constructed by implementing a septal GABA neuron model with a CA1 hippocampal model containing three types of neurons (including oriens and basket interneurons and pyramidal cells; latter modeled by multicompartmental techniques; for detailed model description with network parameters see online addendum: This connectivity made the network capable of simulating the responses of the septo-hippocampal circuitry to the modulation of GABAA transmission, and the presently described computational model proved suitable to reveal several aspects of pharmacological modulation of GABAA receptors. In addition, computational findings indicated different roles of distinctively located GABAA receptors in theta generation.
1 . Hajós M, Hoffmann WE, Orbán G, Kiss T, Erdi P (2004) Modulation of septo-hippocampal Theta activity by GABAA receptors: an experimental and computational approach. Neuroscience 126:599-610 [PubMed]
Model Information (Click on a link to find other models with that property)
Model Type: Realistic Network; Neuron or other electrically excitable cell;
Brain Region(s)/Organism: Hippocampus;
Cell Type(s): Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal GLU cell; Hippocampus CA1 interneuron oriens alveus GABA cell; Hippocampus CA1 basket cell;
Channel(s): I Na,t; I A; I K; I M; I h; I K,Ca; I Calcium;
Gap Junctions:
Receptor(s): GabaA;
Simulation Environment: GENESIS;
Model Concept(s): Oscillations;
Search NeuronDB for information about:  Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal GLU cell; Hippocampus CA1 interneuron oriens alveus GABA cell; GabaA; I Na,t; I A; I K; I M; I h; I K,Ca; I Calcium;
// genesis
include kons_b.g

/*****This script creates a prototype for the basket interenuron which 
******selectively terminates on soma and proximal dendrites of pyramidal cells 
******controlling action potential geneartion and passive propagation

create neutral /prot_b

//*****Somatic compartment
create	compartment 	/prot_b/soma
setfield 		/prot_b/soma \
	Cm		{CM_B * SOMA_A_B} \			// F
	Ra		{RA_B * SOMA_L_B /SOMA_XA_B}\ // ohm (felesleges)
	Em  		{EREST_ACT_B} \				// V
	Rm		{RM_B/SOMA_A_B} \  			// ohm
	inject		{1.4 * {SOMA_A_B} * 1e-2} \
	initVm		-0.065

//*****Active sodium channel a la Wang & Buzsaki '96 with fast m gate
create	vdep_channel	/prot_b/soma/Na_channel
setfield 	/prot_b/soma/Na_channel \
	Ek 		55e-3 \					// V
	gbar		{ 350 * {SOMA_A_B} }			// S

//*****the m gate of the sodium channel
create table /prot_b/soma/Na_channel/m_gate

ce /prot_b/soma/Na_channel/m_gate

int i
float y
float alpham
float betam
float x
for (i = 0; i<= VRES; i = i + 1)
   x = (i * (VMAX - VMIN) / VRES) + VMIN
   alpham= -0.1e+6 * ( x  + 0.035) / ({ exp {-0.1e+3 * ( x + 0.035 )} } - 1)
   betam= 4e+3 * { exp { -1 * ( x + 0.060 ) / 0.018 } }
   y = alpham / ( alpham + betam )
   if (x == -0.035)
      y = 0.9970947
   setfield . table->table[{i}] {y}
setfield . table->calc_mode 0

ce /

//*****the h gate of the sodium channel
create tabgate /prot_b/soma/Na_channel/h_gate

/*****tobb dolog is megkavarja a nagysagrandeket es elojeleket: atteres mV->V;
******atteres ms->s; az exponencialis szamlaloban, vagy nevezoben van-e

setupgate ^ alpha {Phi*70} 0 0 58e-3 20e-3 -size {VRES} -range {VMIN} {VMAX}
setupgate ^ beta {Phi*1e+3} 0 1 28e-3 -10e-3 -size {VRES} -range {VMIN} {VMAX}

//*****Connecting gates to the channel
ce /prot_b/soma/Na_channel
addmsg m_gate . MULTGATE output 3
addmsg h_gate . MULTGATE m 1
ce /

//*****Active potassium channel (deleyed rectifier)

create vdep_channel /prot_b/soma/K_channel
setfield ^  Ek -90e-3 gbar {90*{SOMA_A_B}}

create tabgate /prot_b/soma/K_channel/nv_gate

setupgate ^ alpha {-0.01e+6*Phi*0.034} {-0.01e+6*Phi} -1 0.034 -10e-3 -size {VRES} -range {VMIN} {VMAX}
setupgate ^ beta {0.125e+3*Phi} 0 0 0.044 0.080 -size {VRES} -range {VMIN} {VMAX}

//*****Connecting gates to the channel
ce /prot_b/soma/K_channel
addmsg nv_gate . MULTGATE m 4
ce /

//*****Copying constituents to a prototype cell

ce /prot_b/soma

addmsg . 		K_channel/nv_gate 	VOLTAGE	Vm
addmsg K_channel	. 			CHANNEL Gk Ek
addmsg . 		K_channel 		VOLTAGE Vm

addmsg . 		Na_channel/m_gate	INPUT	Vm
addmsg . 		Na_channel/h_gate	VOLTAGE Vm
addmsg Na_channel	.			CHANNEL	Gk Ek
addmsg . 		Na_channel		VOLTAGE	Vm

ce /

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