BK Channels Promote Bursting in Pituitary Cells (Tabak et al 2011)

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"The electrical activity pattern of endocrine pituitary cells regulates their basal secretion level. Rat somatotrophs and lactotrophs exhibit spontaneous bursting and have high basal levels of hormone secretion, while gonadotrophs exhibit spontaneous spiking and have low basal hormone secretion. It has been proposed that the difference in electrical activity between bursting somatotrophs and spiking gonadotrophs is due to the presence of large conductance potassium (BK) channels on somatotrophs but not on gonadotrophs. This is one example where the role of an ion channel type may be clearly established. We demonstrate here that BK channels indeed promote bursting activity in pituitary cells. Blocking BK channels in bursting lacto-somatotroph GH4C1 cells changes their firing activity to spiking, while further adding an artificial BK conductance via dynamic clamp restores bursting. Importantly, this burst-promoting effect requires a relatively fast BK activation/deactivation, as predicted by computational models. We also show that adding a fast-activating BK conductance to spiking gonadotrophs converts the activity of these cells to bursting. Together, our results suggest that differences in BK channel expression may underlie the differences in electrical activity and basal hormone secretion levels among pituitary cell types and that the rapid rate of BK channel activation is key to its role in burst promotion."
1 . Tabak J, Tomaiuolo M, Gonzalez-Iglesias AE, Milescu LS, Bertram R (2011) Fast-activating voltage- and calcium-dependent potassium (BK) conductance promotes bursting in pituitary cells: a dynamic clamp study. J Neurosci 31:16855-63 [PubMed]
2 . Tennøe S, Hodne K, Haug T, Weltzien F, Einevoll G, Halnes G (2019) ReScience [Re] Fast-Activating Voltage-and Calcium-Dependent Potassium (BK) Conductance Promotes Bursting in Pituitary Cells: A Dynamic Clamp Study ReScience
Model Information (Click on a link to find other models with that property)
Model Type: Neuron or other electrically excitable cell;
Brain Region(s)/Organism:
Cell Type(s): Pituitary cell;
Channel(s): I K,Ca; I Potassium;
Gap Junctions:
Simulation Environment: XPP (web link to model); NEURON (web link to model); Python (web link to model);
Model Concept(s): Activity Patterns; Bursting;
Search NeuronDB for information about:  I K,Ca; I Potassium;
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