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Combination sensitivity and active conductances (Carlson and Kawasaki 2006)
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"... The weakly electric fish Gymnarchus discriminates the sign of the frequency difference (Df) between a neighbor’s electric organ discharge (EOD) and its own EOD by comparing temporal patterns of amplitude modulation (AM) and phase modulation (PM). Sign-selective neurons in the midbrain respond preferentially to either positive frequency differences (Df >0 selective) or negative frequency differences (Df <0 selective). To study the mechanisms of combination sensitivity, we made whole cell intracellular recordings from sign-selective midbrain neurons in vivo and recorded postsynaptic potential (PSP) responses to AM, PM, Df >0, and Df <0. ... Responses to the nonpreferred sign of Df, but not the preferred sign of Df, were substantially weaker than linear predictions, causing a significant increase in the actual degree of sign selectivity. By using various levels of current clamp and comparing our results to simple models of synaptic integration, we demonstrate that this decreased response to the nonpreferred sign of Df is caused by a reduction in voltage-dependent excitatory conductances. This finding reveals that nonlinear decoders, in the form of voltage-dependent conductances, can enhance the selectivity of single neurons for particular combinations of stimulus attributes." See paper for more and details.
Carlson BA, Kawasaki M (2006) Stimulus selectivity is enhanced by voltage-dependent conductances in combination-sensitive neurons.
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Neuron or other electrically excitable cell;
Electric fish midbrain torus semicircularis neuron;
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