Citation Relationships



Grossberg S, Hong S (2006) A neural model of surface perception: lightness, anchoring, and filling-in. Spat Vis 19:263-321 [PubMed]

References and models cited by this paper

References and models that cite this paper

Adams MM, Hof PR, Gattass R, Webster MJ, Ungerleider LG (2000) Visual cortical projections and chemoarchitecture of macaque monkey pulvinar. J Comp Neurol 419:377-93 [PubMed]

Adelson EH (2000) Lightness perception and lightness illusions The new cognitive neurosciences (2nd ed), Gazzaniga MS, ed. pp.339

Adelson EH, Pentland AP (1996) The perception of shading and reflectance Perception as Bayesian inference, Knill DC:Richards W, ed. pp.409

Alonso JM, Martinez LM (1998) Functional connectivity between simple cells and complex cells in cat striate cortex. Nat Neurosci 1:395-403 [Journal] [PubMed]

Alonso JM, Usrey WM, Reid RC (2001) Rules of connectivity between geniculate cells and simple cells in cat primary visual cortex. J Neurosci 21:4002-15 [PubMed]

Anderson BL (1997) A theory of illusory lightness and transparency in monocular and binocular images: the role of contour junctions. Perception 26:419-53 [Journal] [PubMed]

Angelucci A, Levitt JB, Walton EJ, Hupe JM, Bullier J, Lund JS (2002) Circuits for local and global signal integration in primary visual cortex. J Neurosci 22:8633-46 [PubMed]

Arend L, Reeves A (1986) Simultaneous color constancy. J Opt Soc Am A 3:1743-51 [PubMed]

Arend LE (1993) Mesopic lightness, brightness, and brightness contrast. Percept Psychophys 54:469-76 [PubMed]

Arend LE (1994) Surface colors, illumination, and surface geometry: Intrinsic-image models of human color perception Lightness, brightness, and transparency, Gilchrist A, ed. pp.159

Arend LE, Spehar B (1993) Lightness, brightness, and brightness contrast: 1. Illuminance variation. Percept Psychophys 54:446-56

Arend LE, Spehar B (1993) Lightness, brightness, and brightness contrast: 2. Reflectance variation. Percept Psychophys 54:457-68 [PubMed]

Arrington KF (1994) The temporal dynamics of brightness filling-in. Vision Res 34:3371-87 [PubMed]

Baccus SA, Meister M (2002) Fast and slow contrast adaptation in retinal circuitry. Neuron 36:909-19 [PubMed]

BARLOW HB (1953) Summation and inhibition in the frog's retina. J Physiol 119:69-88 [PubMed]

Barlow HB, Levick WR (1969) Three factors limiting the reliable detection of light by retinal ganglion cells of the cat. J Physiol 200:1-24 [PubMed]

Barlow RB, Snodderly DM, Swadlow HA (1978) Intensity coding in primate visual system. Exp Brain Res 31:163-77 [PubMed]

Bartlett JR, Doty RW (1974) Response of units in striate cortex of squirrel monkeys to visual and electrical stimuli. J Neurophysiol 37:621-41 [Journal] [PubMed]

Baylor DA, Hodgkin AL, Lamb TD (1974) The electrical response of turtle cones to flashes and steps of light. J Physiol 242:685-727 [PubMed]

Baylor DA, Hodgkin AL, Lamb TD (1974) Reconstruction of the electrical responses of turtle cones to flashes and steps of light. J Physiol 242:759-91 [PubMed]

Benda J, Bock R, Rujan P, Ammermuller J (2004) Asymmetrical dynamics of voltage spread in retinal horizontal cell networks. Vis Neurosci 18:835-48

Bickford ME, Günlük AE, Guido W, Sherman SM (1993) Evidence that cholinergic axons from the parabrachial region of the brainstem are the exclusive source of nitric oxide in the lateral geniculate nucleus of the cat. J Comp Neurol 334:410-30 [Journal] [PubMed]

Bloomfield SA, Xin D, Persky SE (1995) A comparison of receptive field and tracer coupling size of horizontal cells in the rabbit retina. Vis Neurosci 12:985-99 [PubMed]

Bonato F, Cataliotti J (2000) The effects of figure/ground, perceived area, and target saliency on the luminosity threshold. Percept Psychophys 62:341-9 [PubMed]

Bonato F, Gilchrist AL (1994) The perception of luminosity on different backgrounds and in different illuminations. Perception 23:991-1006 [Journal] [PubMed]

Bonato F, Gilchrist AL (1999) Perceived area and the luminosity threshold. Percept Psychophys 61:786-97 [PubMed]

Bressan P (2001) Explaining lightness illusions. Perception 30:1031-46 [Journal] [PubMed]

Bressan P, Mingolla E, Spillmann L, Watanabe T (1997) Neon color spreading: a review. Perception 26:1353-66 [Journal] [PubMed]

Brown SP, Masland RH (2001) Spatial scale and cellular substrate of contrast adaptation by retinal ganglion cells. Nat Neurosci 4:44-51 [Journal] [PubMed]

Budd JM (1998) Extrastriate feedback to primary visual cortex in primates: a quantitative analysis of connectivity. Proc Biol Sci 265:1037-44 [Journal] [PubMed]

Bullier J, Henry GH (1979) Laminar distribution of first-order neurons and afferent terminals in cat striate cortex. J Neurophysiol 42:1271-81 [Journal] [PubMed]

Bullier J, Hupé JM, James A, Girard P (1996) Functional interactions between areas V1 and V2 in the monkey. J Physiol Paris 90:217-20 [PubMed]

Bullier J, Hupé JM, James AC, Girard P (2001) The role of feedback connections in shaping the responses of visual cortical neurons. Prog Brain Res 134:193-204 [PubMed]

Burkhardt DA (1994) Light adaptation and photopigment bleaching in cone photoreceptors in situ in the retina of the turtle. J Neurosci 14:1091-105 [PubMed]

Callaway EM (1998) Local circuits in primary visual cortex of the macaque monkey. Annu Rev Neurosci 21:47-74 [Journal] [PubMed]

Calvert PD, Govardovskii VI, Arshavsky VY, Makino CL (2002) Two temporal phases of light adaptation in retinal rods. J Gen Physiol 119:129-45 [PubMed]

Caputo G (1998) Texture brightness filling-in. Vision Res 38:841-51 [PubMed]

Carpenter G, Grossberg S (1981) Adaptation and transmitter gating in vertebrate photoreceptors J Theoret Neurobiol 1:1-42

Cataliotti J, Gilchrist A (1995) Local and global processes in surface lightness perception. Percept Psychophys 57:125-35 [PubMed]

Chapman B, Gödecke I (2002) No ON-OFF maps in supragranular layers of ferret visual cortex. J Neurophysiol 88:2163-6 [Journal] [PubMed]

Cohen MA, Grossberg S (1984) Neural dynamics of brightness perception: features, boundaries, diffusion, and resonance. Percept Psychophys 36:428-56 [PubMed]

Cole RE, Diamond AL (1971) Amount of surround and test inducing separation in simultaneous brightnes scontrast Perception Psychophysics 9:125-128

Cook PB, McReynolds JS (1998) Lateral inhibition in the inner retina is important for spatial tuning of ganglion cells. Nat Neurosci 1:714-9 [Journal] [PubMed]

Cornsweet TN (1970) Visual perception

Dacheux RF, Raviola E (1982) Horizontal cells in the retina of the rabbit. J Neurosci 2:1486-93 [PubMed]

Davey MP, Maddess T, Srinivasan MV (1998) The spatiotemporal properties of the Craik-O'Brien-Cornsweet effect are consistent with 'filling-in'. Vision Res 38:2037-46 [PubMed]

Davidson M, Whiteside JA (1971) Human brightness perception near sharp contours. J Opt Soc Am 61:530-6 [PubMed]

De Valois RL, Cottaris NP, Mahon LE, Elfar SD, Wilson JA (2000) Spatial and temporal receptive fields of geniculate and cortical cells and directional selectivity. Vision Res 40:3685-702 [PubMed]

De_Valois R, De_Valois K (1988) Spatial Vision

Demb JB (2002) Multiple mechanisms for contrast adaptation in the retina. Neuron 36:781-3 [PubMed]

DeVries SH, Schwartz EA (1989) Modulation of an electrical synapse between solitary pairs of catfish horizontal cells by dopamine and second messengers. J Physiol 414:351-75 [PubMed]

DeVries SH, Schwartz EA (1992) Hemi-gap-junction channels in solitary horizontal cells of the catfish retina. J Physiol 445:201-30 [PubMed]

Dolan RP, Schiller PH (1994) Effects of ON channel blockade with 2-amino-4-phosphonobutyrate (APB) on brightness and contrast perception in monkeys. Vis Neurosci 11:23-32 [PubMed]

Dowling JE (1987) The Retina: An Approachable Part of the Brain

Dresp B, Grossberg S (1997) Contour integration across polarities and spatial gaps: from local contrast filtering to global grouping. Vision Res 37:913-24 [PubMed]

Dubin MW, Cleland BG (1977) Organization of visual inputs to interneurons of lateral geniculate nucleus of the cat. J Neurophysiol 40:410-27 [Journal] [PubMed]

Edwards DP, Purpura KP, Kaplan E (1995) Contrast sensitivity and spatial frequency response of primate cortical neurons in and around the cytochrome oxidase blobs. Vision Res 35:1501-23 [PubMed]

Enroth-Cugell C, Shapley RM (1973) Flux, not retinal illumination, is what cat retinal ganglion cells really care about. J Physiol 233:311-26 [PubMed]

Enroth-Cugell C, Shapley RM (1973) Adaptation and dynamics of cat retinal ganglion cells. J Physiol 233:271-309 [PubMed]

Erisir A, Van Horn SC, Bickford ME, Sherman SM (1997) Immunocytochemistry and distribution of parabrachial terminals in the lateral geniculate nucleus of the cat: a comparison with corticogeniculate terminals. J Comp Neurol 377:535-49 [PubMed]

Erwin E, Baker FH, Busen WF, Malpeli JG (1999) Relationship between laminar topology and retinotopy in the rhesus lateral geniculate nucleus: results from a functional atlas. J Comp Neurol 407:92-102 [PubMed]

Eysel UT, Pape HC, Van Schayck R (1986) Excitatory and differential disinhibitory actions of acetylcholine in the lateral geniculate nucleus of the cat. J Physiol 370:233-54 [PubMed]

Eysel UT, Schweigart G (1999) Increased receptive field size in the surround of chronic lesions in the adult cat visual cortex. Cereb Cortex 9:101-9 [PubMed]

Fahrenfort I, Habets RL, Spekreijse H, Kamermans M (1999) Intrinsic cone adaptation modulates feedback efficiency from horizontal cells to cones. J Gen Physiol 114:511-24 [PubMed]

Fain GL (2001) Dark adaptation. Prog Brain Res 131:383-94 [PubMed]

Felisberti F, Derrington AM (2006) Long-range interactions in the lateral geniculate nucleus of the New-World monkey, Callithrix jacchus. Vis Neurosci 18:209-18

Felleman DJ, Van Essen DC (1991) Distributed hierarchical processing in the primate cerebral cortex. Cereb Cortex 1:1-47 [PubMed]

Ferster D, Chung S, Wheat H (1996) Orientation selectivity of thalamic input to simple cells of cat visual cortex. Nature 380:249-52 [Journal] [PubMed]

Field DJ, Hayes A, Hess RF (1993) Contour integration by the human visual system: evidence for a local "association field". Vision Res 33:173-93 [PubMed]

Fischl B, Schwartz EL (1997) Learning an integral equation approximation to nonlinear anisotropic diffusion inimage processing IEEE Trans Pattern Anal Mach Intell 19:342-352

Foster KH, Gaska JP, Nagler M, Pollen DA (1985) Spatial and temporal frequency selectivity of neurones in visual cortical areas V1 and V2 of the macaque monkey. J Physiol 365:331-63 [PubMed]

Friedman HS, Zhou H, von der Heydt R (2003) The coding of uniform colour figures in monkey visual cortex. J Physiol 548:593-613 [Journal] [PubMed]

FRY GA (1948) Mechanisms subserving simultaneous brightness contrast. Am J Optom Arch Am Acad Optom 25:162-78 [PubMed]

FRY GA, ALPERN M (1953) The effect of a peripheral glare source upon the apparent brightness of an object. J Opt Soc Am 43:189-95 [PubMed]

Ghose GM, Ts'o DY (1997) Form processing modules in primate area V4. J Neurophysiol 77:2191-6 [Journal] [PubMed]

Gilbert CD (1977) Laminar differences in receptive field properties of cells in cat primary visual cortex. J Physiol 268:391-421 [PubMed]

Gilbert CD, Wiesel TN (1979) Morphology and intracortical projections of functionally characterised neurones in the cat visual cortex. Nature 280:120-5 [PubMed]

Gilchrist A, Delman S, Jacobsen A (1983) The classification and integration of edges as critical to the perception of reflectance and illumination. Percept Psychophys 33:425-36 [PubMed]

Gilchrist A, Kossyfidis C, Bonato F, Agostini T, Cataliotti J, Li X, Spehar B, Annan V, Economou E (1999) An anchoring theory of lightness perception. Psychol Rev 106:795-834 [PubMed]

Gilchrist AL (1977) Perceived lightness depends on perceived spatial arrangement. Science 195:185-7 [PubMed]

Gilchrist AL (1980) When does perceived lightness depend on perceived spatial arrangement? Percept Psychophys 28:527-38 [PubMed]

Gilchrist AL, Bonato F (1995) nchoring of lightness values in center-surround displays. J Exp Psych Human Percep Perform 6:1427-1440

Gilchrist AL, Cataliotti J (1994) Anchoring of surface lightness with multiple illumination levels Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 35:2165

Gove A, Grossberg S, Mingolla E (2000) Brightness perception, illusory contours, and corticogeniculate feedback. Vis Neurosci 12:1027-52

Grossberg S (1980) How does a brain build a cognitive code? Psychol Rev 87:1-51 [PubMed]

Grossberg S (1983) The quantized geometry of visual space: The coherent computation of depth, form, and lightness Behav Brain Sci 6:625-692

Grossberg S (1994) 3-D vision and figure-ground separation by visual cortex. Percept Psychophys 55:48-121 [PubMed]

Grossberg S (1999) How does the cerebral cortex work? Learning, attention, and grouping by the laminar circuits of visual cortex. Spat Vis 12:163-85 [PubMed]

Grossberg S (2000) The complementary brain: unifying brain dynamics and modularity. Trends Cogn Sci 4:233-246 [PubMed]

Grossberg S (2003) Filling-in the forms: Surface and boundary interactions in visual cortex Filling-in: From Perceptual Completion to Skill Learning, Pessoa L:De_Weerd P, ed.

Grossberg S, Howe PD (2003) A laminar cortical model of stereopsis and three-dimensional surface perception. Vision Res 43:801-29 [PubMed]

Grossberg S, Hwang S, Mingolla E (2002) Thalamocortical dynamics of the McCollough effect: boundary-surface alignment through perceptual learning. Vision Res 42:1259-86 [PubMed]

Grossberg S, Kelly F (1999) Neural dynamics of binocular brightness perception. Vision Res 39:3796-816 [PubMed]

Grossberg S, McLoughlin N (1997) Cortical dynamics of 3-D surface perception: Binocular and half-occludedscenic images Neural Networks 10:1583-1605

Grossberg S, Mingolla E (1985) Neural dynamics of form perception: boundary completion, illusory figures, and neon color spreading. Psychol Rev 92:173-211 [PubMed]

Grossberg S, Mingolla E (1985) Neural dynamics of perceptual grouping: textures, boundaries, and emergent segmentations. Percept Psychophys 38:141-71 [PubMed]

Grossberg S, Mingolla E, Williamson J (1995) Synthetic aperture radar processing by a multiple scale neural system for boundary and surface representation Neural Networks 7:1005-1028

Grossberg S, Raizada RD (2000) Contrast-sensitive perceptual grouping and object-based attention in the laminar circuits of primary visual cortex. Vision Res 40:1413-32 [PubMed]

Grossberg S, Swaminathan G (2004) A laminar cortical model for 3D perception of slanted and curved surfaces and of 2D images: development, attention, and bistability. Vision Res 44:1147-87 [Journal] [PubMed]

Grossberg S, Todorovic D (1988) Neural dynamics of 1-D and 2-D brightness perception: a unified model of classical and recent phenomena. Percept Psychophys 43:241-77 [PubMed]

Grossberg S, Yazdanbakhsh A (2003) Laminar cortical dynamics of 3-D surface stratification, transparency,and neon spreading J Vision 3:247

Grossberg S, Yazdanbakhsh A (2005) Laminar cortical dynamics of 3D surface perception: stratification, transparency, and neon color spreading. Vision Res 45:1725-43 [Journal] [PubMed]

Hahnloser RH, Douglas RJ, Hepp K (2002) Attentional recruitment of inter-areal recurrent networks for selective gain control. Neural Comput 14:1669-89 [Journal] [PubMed]

Helson H (1943) Some factors and implications of color constancy J Opt Soc Am 33:179-184

Hering E (1920) Outline of a theory of the light sense, trans, Hurvich L:Jameson D, ed.

Hong S, Grossberg S (2003) Cortical Dynamics of Surface Lightness Anchoring, Filling-In, and Perception Vision Sciences Society, Third Annual Meeting :120

Hong S, Grossberg S (2004) A neuromorphic model for achromatic and chromatic surface representation of natural images. Neural Netw 17:787-808 [Journal] [PubMed]

Horn BKP (1977) Understanding image intensities Art Intell 21:201-231

Huang X, MacEvoy SP, Paradiso MA (2002) Perception of brightness and brightness illusions in the macaque monkey. J Neurosci 22:9618-25 [PubMed]

HUBEL DH, WIESEL TN (1961) Integrative action in the cat's lateral geniculate body. J Physiol 155:385-98 [PubMed]

HUBEL DH, WIESEL TN (1962) Receptive fields, binocular interaction and functional architecture in the cat's visual cortex. J Physiol 160:106-54 [PubMed]

Hung CP, Ramsden BM, Chen LM, Roe AW (2001) Building surfaces from borders in Areas 17 and 18 of the cat. Vision Res 41:1389-407 [PubMed]

Hupé JM, James AC, Girard P, Bullier J (2001) Response modulations by static texture surround in area V1 of the macaque monkey do not depend on feedback connections from V2. J Neurophysiol 85:146-63 [Journal] [PubMed]

Hupé JM, James AC, Payne BR, Lomber SG, Girard P, Bullier J (1998) Cortical feedback improves discrimination between figure and background by V1, V2 and V3 neurons. Nature 394:784-7 [Journal] [PubMed]

Hurlbert A (1986) Formal connections between lightness algorithms. J Opt Soc Am A 3:1684-93 [PubMed]

Hurley JB (2002) Shedding light on adaptation. J Gen Physiol 119:125-8 [PubMed]

Issa NP, Trepel C, Stryker MP (2000) Spatial frequency maps in cat visual cortex. J Neurosci 20:8504-14 [PubMed]

Jameson D, Hurvich LM (1989) Essay concerning color constancy. Annu Rev Psychol 40:1-22 [Journal] [PubMed]

Jobson DJ, Rahman Z, Woodell GA (1997) Properties and Performance of a Center-Surround Retinex IEEE Trans Image Proc

Jobson DJ, Rahman Z, Woodell GA (1997) A Multi-Scale Retinex For Bridging the Gap Between Color Images and the Human Observation of Scenes IEEE Trans Image Proc

Jones EG (1994) GABA neurons and their role in activity-dependent plasticity of adult primate visual cortex Cerebral Cortex, Peters A:Rockland KS, ed. pp.61

Jones HE, Andolina IM, Oakely NM, Murphy PC, Sillito AM (2000) Spatial summation in lateral geniculate nucleus and visual cortex. Exp Brain Res 135:279-84 [Journal] [PubMed]

Kaas JH, Collins CE (2001) The organization of sensory cortex. Curr Opin Neurobiol 11:498-504 [PubMed]

Kahrilas PJ, Doty RW, Bartlett JR (1980) Failure to find luxotonic responses for single units in visual cortex of the rabbit. Exp Brain Res 39:11-6 [PubMed]

Kamermans M, Haak J, Habraken JB, Spekreijse H (1996) The size of the horizontal cell receptive fields adapts to the stimulus in the light adapted goldfish retina. Vision Res 36:4105-19 [PubMed]

Kamitani Y, Shimojo S (2006) Global yet early processing of visual surface The Visual Neurosciencies, Chalupa LM:Werner JS, ed.

Kaufman L (1974) Sight and mind

Kayama Y, Riso RR, Bartlett JR, Doty RW (1979) Luxotonic responses of units in macaque striate cortex. J Neurophysiol 42:1495-1517 [Journal] [PubMed]

Kellman PJ, Shipley TF (1991) A theory of visual interpolation in object perception. Cogn Psychol 23:141-221 [PubMed]

Kelly F, Grossberg S (2000) Neural dynamics of 3-D surface perception: figure-ground separation and lightness perception. Percept Psychophys 62:1596-618 [PubMed]

Kimmel R, Elad M, Shaked D, Keshet R, Sobel I (2002) A Variational Framework to Retinex Int J Comp Vis

Kinoshita M, Komatsu H (2001) Neural representation of the luminance and brightness of a uniform surface in the macaque primary visual cortex. J Neurophysiol 86:2559-70 [Journal] [PubMed]

Kobatake E, Tanaka K (1994) Neuronal selectivities to complex object features in the ventral visual pathway of the macaque cerebral cortex. J Neurophysiol 71:856-67 [Journal] [PubMed]

Kobayashi M, Imamura K, Sugai T, Onoda N, Yamamoto M, Komai S, Watanabe Y (2000) Selective suppression of horizontal propagation in rat visual cortex by norepinephrine. Eur J Neurosci 12:264-72 [PubMed]

Komatsu H, Kinoshita M, Murakami I (2000) Neural responses in the retinotopic representation of the blind spot in the macaque V1 to stimuli for perceptual filling-in. J Neurosci 20:9310-9 [PubMed]

Komatsu H, Murakami I, Kinoshita M (1996) Surface representation in the visual system. Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 5:97-104 [PubMed]

Koutalos Y, Yau KW (1996) Regulation of sensitivity in vertebrate rod photoreceptors by calcium. Trends Neurosci 19:73-81 [PubMed]

KUFFLER SW (1953) Discharge patterns and functional organization of mammalian retina. J Neurophysiol 16:37-68 [Journal] [PubMed]

Lambert JH (1760) Photometria sive de mensura et gradibus luminis, colorum et umbrae Augsburg (German translation by E. Anding, Klett: Leipzig 1892)

Lamme VA (2001) Blindsight: the role of feedforward and feedback corticocortical connections. Acta Psychol (Amst) 107:209-28 [PubMed]

Lamme VA, Zipser K, Spekreijse H (1998) Figure-ground activity in primary visual cortex is suppressed by anesthesia. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 95:3263-8 [PubMed]

Land EH, McCann JJ (1971) Lightness and retinex theory. J Opt Soc Am 61:1-11 [PubMed]

Lee AB, Blais B, Shouval HZ, Cooper LN (2000) Statistics of lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) activity determine the segregation of ON/OFF subfields for simple cells in visual cortex. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 97:12875-9 [Journal] [PubMed]

Lee BB, Dacey DM, Smith VC, Pokorny J (1999) Horizontal cells reveal cone type-specific adaptation in primate retina. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 96:14611-6 [PubMed]

Legg CR, Cowey A (1977) Effects of subcortical lesions on visual intensity discriminations in rats. Physiol Behav 19:635-46 [PubMed]

Legg CR, Cowey A (1977) The role of the ventral lateral geniculate nucleus and posterior thalamus in intensity discrimination in rats. Brain Res 123:261-73 [PubMed]

LEIBOWITZ H, MOTE FA, THURLOW WR (1953) Simultaneous contrast as a function of separation between test and inducing fields. J Exp Psychol 46:453-6 [PubMed]

Livingstone MS, Hubel DH (1981) Effects of sleep and arousal on the processing of visual information in the cat. Nature 291:554-61 [PubMed]

Lu C, Zhang DQ, McMahon DG (1999) Electrical coupling of retinal horizontal cells mediated by distinct voltage-independent junctions. Vis Neurosci 16:811-8 [PubMed]

MacEvoy SP, Kim W, Paradiso MA (1998) Integration of surface information in primary visual cortex. Nat Neurosci 1:616-20 [Journal] [PubMed]

MacEvoy SP, Paradiso MA (2001) Lightness constancy in primary visual cortex. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:8827-31 [Journal] [PubMed]

Marrocco RT (1972) Maintained activity of monkey optic tract fibers and lateral geniculate nucleus cells. Vision Res 12:1175-81 [PubMed]

Martin GR (1983) Schematic eye models in vertebrates Prog Sens Physiol 4:44-81

Martinez LM, Alonso JM (2001) Construction of complex receptive fields in cat primary visual cortex. Neuron 32:515-25 [PubMed]

Masland RH (2001) The fundamental plan of the retina. Nat Neurosci 4:877-86 [Journal] [PubMed]

McMahon DG (1994) Modulation of electrical synaptic transmission in zebrafish retinal horizontal cells. J Neurosci 14:1722-34 [PubMed]

McMahon DG, Zhang DQ, Ponomareva L, Wagner T (2001) Synaptic mechanisms of network adaptation in horizontal cells. Prog Brain Res 131:419-36 [PubMed]

Mechler F, Ringach DL (2002) On the classification of simple and complex cells. Vision Res 42:1017-33 [PubMed]

Meister M, Berry MJ (1999) The neural code of the retina. Neuron 22:435-50 [PubMed]

Mills SL, Massey SC (1995) Differential properties of two gap junctional pathways made by AII amacrine cells. Nature 377:734-7 [Journal] [PubMed]

Mingolla E, Ross W, Grossberg S (1999) A neural network for enhancing boundaries and surfaces in synthetic aperture radar images. Neural Netw 12:499-511 [PubMed]

Moore RY, Weis R, Moga MM (2000) Efferent projections of the intergeniculate leaflet and the ventral lateral geniculate nucleus in the rat. J Comp Neurol 420:398-418 [PubMed]

Naka KI, Rushton WA (1967) The generation and spread of S-potentials in fish (Cyprinidae). J Physiol 192:437-61 [PubMed]

Nakamura H, Gattass R, Desimone R, Ungerleider LG (1993) The modular organization of projections from areas V1 and V2 to areas V4 and TEO in macaques. J Neurosci 13:3681-91 [PubMed]

Nakatani K, Tamura T, Yau KW (1991) Light adaptation in retinal rods of the rabbit and two other nonprimate mammals. J Gen Physiol 97:413-35 [PubMed]

Nakayama K, Shimojo S (1992) Experiencing and perceiving visual surfaces. Science 257:1357-63 [PubMed]

Nawy S (2000) Regulation of the on bipolar cell mGluR6 pathway by Ca2+. J Neurosci 20:4471-9 [PubMed]

Neumann H, Pessoa L, Hansen T (2001) Visual filling-in for computing perceptual surface properties. Biol Cybern 85:355-69 [Journal] [PubMed]

Neumann H, Pessoa L, Mingolla E (1998) A neural architecture of brightness perception: Non-linear contrast detection and geometry-driven diffusion Image Vision Computing 16:423-446

Neumann H, Sepp W (1999) Recurrent V1-V2 interaction in early visual boundary processing. Biol Cybern 81:425-44 [Journal] [PubMed]

Newson LJ (1958) Some principles governing changes in the apparent lightness of test surfaces isolated from their normal backgrounds Quart J Exp Psychol 10:82-95

Papaioannou J, White A (1972) Maintained activity of lateral geniculate nucleus neurons as a function of background luminance. Exp Neurol 34:558-66 [PubMed]

Paradiso MA, Nakayama K (1991) Brightness perception and filling-in. Vision Res 31:1221-36 [PubMed]

Pessoa L, Mingolla E, Arend LE (1996) The perception of lightness in 3-D curved objects. Percept Psychophys 58:1293-305 [PubMed]

Pessoa L, Mingolla E, Neumann H (1995) A contrast- and luminance-driven multiscale network model of brightness perception. Vision Res 35:2201-23 [PubMed]

Pessoa L, Neumann H (1998) Why does the brain fill in? Trends Cogn Sci 2:422-4 [PubMed]

Peterhans E, von der Heydt R (1989) Mechanisms of contour perception in monkey visual cortex. II. Contours bridging gaps. J Neurosci 9:1749-63 [PubMed]

Pinna B, Brelstaff G, Spillmann L (2001) Surface color from boundaries: a new 'watercolor' illusion. Vision Res 41:2669-76 [PubMed]

Pinna B, Werner JS, Spillmann L (2003) The watercolor effect: a new principle of grouping and figure-ground organization. Vision Res 43:43-52 [PubMed]

Posner MI, Snyder CR, Davidson BJ (1980) Attention and the detection of signals. J Exp Psychol 109:160-74 [PubMed]

Przybyszewski AW, Gaska JP, Foote W, Pollen DA (2000) Striate cortex increases contrast gain of macaque LGN neurons. Vis Neurosci 17:485-94 [PubMed]

Rahman Z, Jobson DJ, Woodell GA (1996) Multiscale retinex for color image enhancement Int Conf Image Proc 96

Rahman Z, Woodell GA, Jobson DJ (1997) A comparison of the multiscale retinex with other image enhancement techniques Proceedings of the IS and T 50th Anniversary Conference

Raizada RD, Grossberg S (2003) Towards a theory of the laminar architecture of cerebral cortex: computational clues from the visual system. Cereb Cortex 13:100-13 [PubMed]

Raizada RDS, Grossberg S (2001) Context-sensitive binding by the laminar circuits of V1 and V2: A unified model of perceptual grouping, attention, and orientation contrast Vis Cog 8:431-466

Reid RC, Alonso JM (1995) Specificity of monosynaptic connections from thalamus to visual cortex. Nature 378:281-4 [Journal] [PubMed]

Reynolds JH, Chelazzi L, Desimone R (1999) Competitive mechanisms subserve attention in macaque areas V2 and V4. J Neurosci 19:1736-53 [PubMed]

Ribelayga C, Wang Y, Mangel SC (2002) Dopamine mediates circadian clock regulation of rod and cone input to fish retinal horizontal cells. J Physiol 544:801-16 [PubMed]

Ringach DL (2002) Spatial structure and symmetry of simple-cell receptive fields in macaque primary visual cortex. J Neurophysiol 88:455-63 [Journal] [PubMed]

Rockland KS, Lund JS (1982) Widespread periodic intrinsic connections in the tree shrew visual cortex. Science 215:1532-4 [PubMed]

Rodieck RW (1965) Quantitative analysis of cat retinal ganglion cell response to visual stimuli. Vision Res 5:583-601 [PubMed]

Rodieck RW (1998) The first steps in seeing

Rodieck RW, Stone J (1965) Response of cat retinal ganglion cells to moving visual patterns. J Neurophysiol 28:819-32 [Journal] [PubMed]

Roe AW, Ts'o DY (1995) Visual topography in primate V2: multiple representation across functional stripes. J Neurosci 15:3689-715 [PubMed]

Roe AW, Ts'o DY (1999) Specificity of color connectivity between primate V1 and V2. J Neurophysiol 82:2719-30 [Journal] [PubMed]

Roska B, Nemeth E, Orzo L, Werblin FS (2000) Three levels of lateral inhibition: A space-time study of the retina of the tiger salamander. J Neurosci 20:1941-51 [PubMed]

Roska B, Werblin F (2001) Vertical interactions across ten parallel, stacked representations in the mammalian retina. Nature 410:583-7 [Journal] [PubMed]

Ross WD, Pessoa L (2000) Lightness from contrast: a selective integration model. Percept Psychophys 62:1160-81 [PubMed]

Rossi AF, Paradiso MA (1999) Neural correlates of perceived brightness in the retina, lateral geniculate nucleus, and striate cortex. J Neurosci 19:6145-56 [PubMed]

Rossi AF, Rittenhouse CD, Paradiso MA (1996) The representation of brightness in primary visual cortex. Science 273:1104-7 [PubMed]

Rozas C, Frank H, Heynen AJ, Morales B, Bear MF, Kirkwood A (2001) Developmental inhibitory gate controls the relay of activity to the superficial layers of the visual cortex. J Neurosci 21:6791-801 [PubMed]

Ruksenas O, Fjeld IT, Heggelund P (2000) Spatial summation and center-surround antagonism in the receptive field of single units in the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus of cat: comparison with retinal input. Vis Neurosci 17:855-70 [PubMed]

Sakai K, Tanaka S (2000) Spatial pooling in the second-order spatial structure of cortical complex cells. Vision Res 40:855-71 [PubMed]

Sasaki Y, Watanabe T, Dale AM, Tootell RB (2001) V1 involvement for color filling-in revealed byhuman fMRI Soc Neurosci Abstr 12.11

Schiller PH (1992) The ON and OFF channels of the visual system. Trends Neurosci 15:86-92 [PubMed]

Schiller PH, Finlay BL, Volman SF (1976) Quantitative studies of single-cell properties in monkey striate cortex. V. Multivariate statistical analyses and models. J Neurophysiol 39:1362-74 [Journal] [PubMed]

Schiller PH, Sandell JH, Maunsell JH (1986) Functions of the ON and OFF channels of the visual system. Nature 322:824-5 [Journal] [PubMed]

Schirillo J, Reeves A, Arend L (1990) Perceived lightness, but not brightness, of achromatic surfaces depends on perceived depth information. Percept Psychophys 48:82-90 [PubMed]

Schwartz EL (1980) Computational anatomy and functional architecture of striate cortex: a spatial mapping approach to perceptual coding. Vision Res 20:645-69 [PubMed]

Sepp W, Neumann H (1999) A multi-resolution filling-in model for brightness perception ICANN99 Ninth International Conference On Artificial Neural Networks 470:461-466

Shapley R, Enroth-cugell C (1984) Visual adaptation and retinal gain controls Progress In Retinal Research 3:262-343

Sherman SM (1996) Dual response modes in lateral geniculate neurons: mechanisms and functions. Vis Neurosci 13:205-13 [PubMed]

Sherman SM (2001) Tonic and burst firing: dual modes of thalamocortical relay. Trends Neurosci 24:122-6 [PubMed]

Shevelev IA (1998) Second-order features extraction in the cat visual cortex: selective and invariant sensitivity of neurons to the shape and orientation of crosses and corners. Biosystems 48:195-204 [PubMed]

Shevelev IA (2000) Sensitivity of striate neurons to Y-like figures: experiment and simulation. Biosystems 58:211-7 [PubMed]

Shevelev IA, Lazareva NA, Sharaev GA, Novikova RV, Tikhomirov AS (1998) Selective and invariant sensitivity to crosses and corners in cat striate neurons. Neuroscience 84:713-21 [PubMed]

Sillito AM, Jones HE, Gerstein GL, West DC (1994) Feature-linked synchronization of thalamic relay cell firing induced by feedback from the visual cortex. Nature 369:479-82 [Journal] [PubMed]

Sillito AM, Kemp JA, Berardi N (1983) The cholinergic influence on the function of the cat dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (dLGN). Brain Res 280:299-307 [PubMed]

Smirnakis SM, Berry MJ, Warland DK, Bialek W, Meister M (1997) Adaptation of retinal processing to image contrast and spatial scale. Nature 386:69-73 [Journal] [PubMed]

Solomon SG, White AJ, Martin PR (2002) Extraclassical receptive field properties of parvocellular, magnocellular, and koniocellular cells in the primate lateral geniculate nucleus. J Neurosci 22:338-49 [PubMed]

Somers DC, Dale AM, Seiffert AE, Tootell RB (1999) Functional MRI reveals spatially specific attentional modulation in human primary visual cortex. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 96:1663-8 [PubMed]

Somers DC, Todorov EV, Siapas AG, Toth LJ, Kim DS, Sur M (1998) A local circuit approach to understanding integration of long-range inputs in primary visual cortex. Cereb Cortex 8:204-17 [PubMed]

Spillmann L (1994) The Hermann grid illusion: a tool for studying human perspective field organization. Perception 23:691-708 [Journal] [PubMed]

Spray DC, Harris AL, Bennett MV (1979) Voltage dependence of junctional conductance in early amphibian embryos. Science 204:432-4 [PubMed]

Stanley GB, Li FF, Dan Y (1999) Reconstruction of natural scenes from ensemble responses in the lateral geniculate nucleus. J Neurosci 19:8036-42 [PubMed]

Sterling P (1998) The Synaptic Organization of the Brain, Shepherd G, ed. pp.205

Stettler DD, Das A, Bennett J, Gilbert CD (2002) Lateral connectivity and contextual interactions in macaque primary visual cortex. Neuron 36:739-50 [PubMed]

Suder K, Wörgötter F, Wennekers T (2001) Neural field model of receptive field restructuring in primary visual cortex. Neural Comput 13:139-59 [PubMed]

Tadmor Y, Tolhurst DJ (2000) Calculating the contrasts that retinal ganglion cells and LGN neurones encounter in natural scenes. Vision Res 40:3145-57 [PubMed]

Thibos LN, Werblin FS (1978) The response properties of the steady antagonistic surround in the mudpuppy retina. J Physiol 278:79-99 [PubMed]

Todorovic D (1997) Lightness and junctions. Perception 26:379-94 [Journal] [PubMed]

Tomita T (1965) Electrophysiological study of the mechanisms subserving color coding in the fish retina. Cold Spring Harb Symp Quant Biol 30:559-66 [PubMed]

Treisman A, Sato S (1990) Conjunction search revisited. J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 16:459-78

Troyer TW, Krukowski AE, Priebe NJ, Miller KD (1998) Contrast-invariant orientation tuning in cat visual cortex: thalamocortical input tuning and correlation-based intracortical connectivity. J Neurosci 18:5908-27 [Journal] [PubMed]

Ts'o DY, Roe AW, Gilbert CD (2001) A hierarchy of the functional organization for color, form and disparity in primate visual area V2. Vision Res 41:1333-49 [PubMed]

Usrey WM, Sceniak MP, Chapman B (2003) Receptive fields and response properties of neurons in layer 4 of ferret visual cortex. J Neurophysiol 89:1003-15 [Journal] [PubMed]

Verweij J, Kamermans M, Spekreijse H (1996) Horizontal cells feed back to cones by shifting the cone calcium-current activation range. Vision Res 36:3943-53 [PubMed]

von der Heydt R, Peterhans E, Baumgartner G (1984) Illusory contours and cortical neuron responses. Science 224:1260-2 [PubMed]

Von H (1866) Helmholtzs treatise on physiological optics

WALLACH H (1948) Brightness constancy and the nature of achromatic colors. J Exp Psychol 38:310-24 [PubMed]

Wallach H (1976) On perception

Welchman AE, Harris JM (2001) Filling-in the details on perceptual fading. Vision Res 41:2107-17 [PubMed]

Werblin F, Roska B, Balya D (2001) Parallel processing in the mammalian retina: lateral and vertical interactions across stacked representations. Prog Brain Res 131:229-38 [PubMed]

Werblin FS (1971) Adaptation in a vertebrate retina: intracellular recording in Necturus. J Neurophysiol 34:228-41 [Journal] [PubMed]

Werblin FS (1974) Control of retinal sensitivity. II. Lateral interactions at the outer plexi form layer. J Gen Physiol 63:62-87 [PubMed]

Werblin FS, Dowling JE (1969) Organization of the retina of the mudpuppy, Necturus maculosus. II. Intracellular recording. J Neurophysiol 32:339-55 [Journal] [PubMed]

Witkovsky P, Dearry A (1991) Functional roles of dopamine in the vertebrate retina Prog Ret Res 11:247-292

Wörgötter F, Suder K, Zhao Y, Kerscher N, Eysel UT, Funke K (1998) State-dependent receptive-field restructuring in the visual cortex. Nature 396:165-8 [Journal] [PubMed]

Wyszecki G, Stiles WS (1982) Color Science : Concepts and Methods, Quantitative Data and Formulae (2nd ed.)

Xin D, Bloomfield SA (1999) Dark- and light-induced changes in coupling between horizontal cells in mammalian retina. J Comp Neurol 405:75-87 [PubMed]

Xin D, Bloomfield SA (2000) Effects of nitric oxide on horizontal cells in the rabbit retina. Vis Neurosci 17:799-811 [PubMed]

Yabuta NH, Callaway EM (1998) Cytochrome-oxidase blobs and intrinsic horizontal connections of layer 2/3 pyramidal neurons in primate V1. Vis Neurosci 15:1007-27 [PubMed]

Yarbus AL (1967) Eye movements and vision

Zhou H, Friedman HS, von der Heydt R (2000) Coding of border ownership in monkey visual cortex. J Neurosci 20:6594-611 [PubMed]

Zipser K, Lamme VA, Schiller PH (1996) Contextual modulation in primary visual cortex. J Neurosci 16:7376-89 [PubMed]

(255 refs)