Crayfish hybrid experimental model (Chung et al. 2015)

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Accession:150697
The Crayfish hybrid experimental model is an AnimatLab v1 neuromechanical model of the crayfish thorax and 5th walking leg that provides a virtual periphery to the live crayfish central nervous system. Run in real time, levator and depressor muscles are excited by motor nerve discharges of the CNS. Up and down movement of the leg shortens and stretches a model stretch receptor that controls movement of a real stretch receptor that provides sensory feedback to the CNS. Real-time sensory feedback provided by the model increases the locomotor cycle frequency by three-fold.
Reference:
1 . Chung B, Bacqué-Cazenave J, Cofer DW, Cattaert D, Edwards DH (2015) The effect of sensory feedback on crayfish posture and locomotion: I. Experimental analysis of closing the loop. J Neurophysiol 113:1763-71 [PubMed]
Model Information (Click on a link to find other models with that property)
Model Type:
Brain Region(s)/Organism:
Cell Type(s):
Channel(s):
Gap Junctions:
Receptor(s):
Gene(s):
Transmitter(s): Acetylcholine;
Simulation Environment: AnimatLab v1;
Model Concept(s):
Implementer(s): Cofer, David [dcofer at neurorobotictech.com];
Search NeuronDB for information about:  Acetylcholine;
/
ChungEtAl2015
Backup
Crayfish Body Parts
Ant Lev Set Up.atvf
Command.atvf *
Crayfish Hybrid Experimental Model.aproj
Crayfish Hybrid Experimental Model.asim
Crayfish.abef
Crayfish.abpe
Crayfish.absys
Crayfish.afnn
Crayfish.arnn
Crayfish.astl
DataTool_4.atvf
DataTool_5.atvf
Depressor Set Up.atvf *
Distal Telson Rec Neurons.atvf *
Experiment Data.atvf
grass11.bmp *
gravel.bmp *
Ground.astl
Leg CB Angles.dat *
Leg5 Angles and Tensions.dat *
Motor Transducer.JNB *
MSIs.atvf *
Organism_1.abef *
Organism_1.abpe *
Organism_1.absys *
Organism_1.astl *
Post Lev Set Up.atvf *
Prox Telson Rec Neurons.atvf *
thorax.ase *
thorax.mtl *
thorax.obj *
thorax_collision.mtl *
thorax_collision.obj *
thorax_flipped.bmp *
Water.astl
                            
<NeuralModule>
<TimeStep>0.00025</TimeStep>
<SpikePeak>40</SpikePeak>
<SpikeStrength>6</SpikeStrength>
<AHPEquilPot>-75</AHPEquilPot>
<CaEquilPot>200</CaEquilPot>
<AbsoluteRefr>3.5</AbsoluteRefr>
<UseCriticalPeriod >False</UseCriticalPeriod >
<StartCriticalPeriod>0</StartCriticalPeriod>
<EndCriticalPeriod>5</EndCriticalPeriod>
<TTX>False</TTX>
<Cd>False</Cd>
<HH>False</HH>
<Synapses>
<SpikingSynapses>
<SpikingSynapse>
<Name>Nicotinic Cholinergic</Name>
<ID>0</ID>
<Equil>-10</Equil>
<SynAmp>0.025</SynAmp>
<Decay>2.5</Decay>
<RelFacil>10</RelFacil>
<FacilDecay>100</FacilDecay>
<VoltDep>False</VoltDep>
<MaxRelCond>5e+06</MaxRelCond>
<SatPSPot>-30</SatPSPot>
<ThreshPSPot>-60</ThreshPSPot>
<Hebbian>False</Hebbian>
<MaxAugCond>1</MaxAugCond>
<LearningInc>10</LearningInc>
<LearningTime>20</LearningTime>
<AllowForget>True</AllowForget>
<ForgetTime>10000</ForgetTime>
<Consolidation>1</Consolidation>
</SpikingSynapse>
<SpikingSynapse>
<Name>Strong EPSP</Name>
<ID>1</ID>
<Equil>-10</Equil>
<SynAmp>10</SynAmp>
<Decay>3</Decay>
<RelFacil>1.5</RelFacil>
<FacilDecay>100</FacilDecay>
<VoltDep>False</VoltDep>
<MaxRelCond>5e+06</MaxRelCond>
<SatPSPot>-30</SatPSPot>
<ThreshPSPot>-60</ThreshPSPot>
<Hebbian>False</Hebbian>
<MaxAugCond>1</MaxAugCond>
<LearningInc>10</LearningInc>
<LearningTime>20</LearningTime>
<AllowForget>True</AllowForget>
<ForgetTime>10000</ForgetTime>
<Consolidation>1</Consolidation>
</SpikingSynapse>
<SpikingSynapse>
<Name>Long IPSP</Name>
<ID>2</ID>
<Equil>-80</Equil>
<SynAmp>3</SynAmp>
<Decay>30</Decay>
<RelFacil>1</RelFacil>
<FacilDecay>100</FacilDecay>
<VoltDep>False</VoltDep>
<MaxRelCond>5e+06</MaxRelCond>
<SatPSPot>-30</SatPSPot>
<ThreshPSPot>-60</ThreshPSPot>
<Hebbian>False</Hebbian>
<MaxAugCond>1</MaxAugCond>
<LearningInc>10</LearningInc>
<LearningTime>20</LearningTime>
<AllowForget>True</AllowForget>
<ForgetTime>10000</ForgetTime>
<Consolidation>1</Consolidation>
</SpikingSynapse>
<SpikingSynapse>
<Name>Depolarizing IPSP</Name>
<ID>3</ID>
<Equil>-70</Equil>
<SynAmp>10</SynAmp>
<Decay>100</Decay>
<RelFacil>1</RelFacil>
<FacilDecay>100</FacilDecay>
<VoltDep>False</VoltDep>
<MaxRelCond>5e+06</MaxRelCond>
<SatPSPot>-30</SatPSPot>
<ThreshPSPot>-60</ThreshPSPot>
<Hebbian>False</Hebbian>
<MaxAugCond>1</MaxAugCond>
<LearningInc>10</LearningInc>
<LearningTime>20</LearningTime>
<AllowForget>False</AllowForget>
<ForgetTime>10000</ForgetTime>
<Consolidation>1</Consolidation>
</SpikingSynapse>
<SpikingSynapse>
<Name>NMDA type</Name>
<ID>4</ID>
<Equil>-10</Equil>
<SynAmp>0.1</SynAmp>
<Decay>50</Decay>
<RelFacil>1</RelFacil>
<FacilDecay>1</FacilDecay>
<VoltDep>True</VoltDep>
<MaxRelCond>5e+06</MaxRelCond>
<SatPSPot>-30</SatPSPot>
<ThreshPSPot>-60</ThreshPSPot>
<Hebbian>False</Hebbian>
<MaxAugCond>1</MaxAugCond>
<LearningInc>10</LearningInc>
<LearningTime>20</LearningTime>
<AllowForget>True</AllowForget>
<ForgetTime>10000</ForgetTime>
<Consolidation>1</Consolidation>
</SpikingSynapse>
<SpikingSynapse>
<Name>Hyperpolarizing IPSP</Name>
<ID>5</ID>
<Equil>-80</Equil>
<SynAmp>1</SynAmp>
<Decay>10</Decay>
<RelFacil>1.5</RelFacil>
<FacilDecay>100</FacilDecay>
<VoltDep>False</VoltDep>
<MaxRelCond>1e+07</MaxRelCond>
<SatPSPot>-30</SatPSPot>
<ThreshPSPot>-60</ThreshPSPot>
<Hebbian>False</Hebbian>
<MaxAugCond>1</MaxAugCond>
<LearningInc>10</LearningInc>
<LearningTime>20</LearningTime>
<AllowForget>True</AllowForget>
<ForgetTime>10000</ForgetTime>
<Consolidation>1</Consolidation>
</SpikingSynapse>
<SpikingSynapse>
<Name>Non-facilitating Nicot Chol</Name>
<ID>6</ID>
<Equil>-10</Equil>
<SynAmp>0.5</SynAmp>
<Decay>3</Decay>
<RelFacil>1</RelFacil>
<FacilDecay>100</FacilDecay>
<VoltDep>False</VoltDep>
<MaxRelCond>5</MaxRelCond>
<SatPSPot>-30</SatPSPot>
<ThreshPSPot>-60</ThreshPSPot>
<Hebbian>False</Hebbian>
<MaxAugCond>1</MaxAugCond>
<LearningInc>0.1</LearningInc>
<LearningTime>20</LearningTime>
<AllowForget>True</AllowForget>
<ForgetTime>10000</ForgetTime>
<Consolidation>1</Consolidation>
</SpikingSynapse>
<SpikingSynapse>
<Name>Afferent-MSI</Name>
<ID>7</ID>
<Equil>-10</Equil>
<SynAmp>1</SynAmp>
<Decay>3</Decay>
<RelFacil>0.95</RelFacil>
<FacilDecay>100</FacilDecay>
<VoltDep>False</VoltDep>
<MaxRelCond>5</MaxRelCond>
<SatPSPot>-30</SatPSPot>
<ThreshPSPot>-60</ThreshPSPot>
<Hebbian>False</Hebbian>
<MaxAugCond>1</MaxAugCond>
<LearningInc>0.1</LearningInc>
<LearningTime>20</LearningTime>
<AllowForget>True</AllowForget>
<ForgetTime>10000</ForgetTime>
<Consolidation>1</Consolidation>
</SpikingSynapse>
<SpikingSynapse>
<Name>Long EPSP</Name>
<ID>8</ID>
<Equil>-10</Equil>
<SynAmp>0.2</SynAmp>
<Decay>20</Decay>
<RelFacil>1</RelFacil>
<FacilDecay>100</FacilDecay>
<VoltDep>False</VoltDep>
<MaxRelCond>5</MaxRelCond>
<SatPSPot>-30</SatPSPot>
<ThreshPSPot>-60</ThreshPSPot>
<Hebbian>False</Hebbian>
<MaxAugCond>1</MaxAugCond>
<LearningInc>0.1</LearningInc>
<LearningTime>20</LearningTime>
<AllowForget>True</AllowForget>
<ForgetTime>10000</ForgetTime>
<Consolidation>1</Consolidation>
</SpikingSynapse>
<SpikingSynapse>
<Name>Hebbian ACh type</Name>
<ID>9</ID>
<Equil>-10</Equil>
<SynAmp>0.1</SynAmp>
<Decay>3</Decay>
<RelFacil>1</RelFacil>
<FacilDecay>1</FacilDecay>
<VoltDep>False</VoltDep>
<MaxRelCond>5e+06</MaxRelCond>
<SatPSPot>-30</SatPSPot>
<ThreshPSPot>-60</ThreshPSPot>
<Hebbian>True</Hebbian>
<MaxAugCond>1</MaxAugCond>
<LearningInc>10</LearningInc>
<LearningTime>20</LearningTime>
<AllowForget>True</AllowForget>
<ForgetTime>10000</ForgetTime>
<Consolidation>1</Consolidation>
</SpikingSynapse>
<SpikingSynapse>
<Name>Exten excite Inhib</Name>
<ID>10</ID>
<Equil>-10</Equil>
<SynAmp>1</SynAmp>
<Decay>30</Decay>
<RelFacil>1.5</RelFacil>
<FacilDecay>100</FacilDecay>
<VoltDep>False</VoltDep>
<MaxRelCond>5e+06</MaxRelCond>
<SatPSPot>-30</SatPSPot>
<ThreshPSPot>-60</ThreshPSPot>
<Hebbian>False</Hebbian>
<MaxAugCond>1</MaxAugCond>
<LearningInc>10</LearningInc>
<LearningTime>20</LearningTime>
<AllowForget>True</AllowForget>
<ForgetTime>10000</ForgetTime>
<Consolidation>1</Consolidation>
</SpikingSynapse>
<SpikingSynapse>
<Name>N-ACh non-dep</Name>
<ID>11</ID>
<Equil>-10</Equil>
<SynAmp>2</SynAmp>
<Decay>3</Decay>
<RelFacil>1.9</RelFacil>
<FacilDecay>100</FacilDecay>
<VoltDep>False</VoltDep>
<MaxRelCond>5e+06</MaxRelCond>
<SatPSPot>-30</SatPSPot>
<ThreshPSPot>-60</ThreshPSPot>
<Hebbian>False</Hebbian>
<MaxAugCond>1</MaxAugCond>
<LearningInc>10</LearningInc>
<LearningTime>20</LearningTime>
<AllowForget>True</AllowForget>
<ForgetTime>10000</ForgetTime>
<Consolidation>1</Consolidation>
</SpikingSynapse>
<SpikingSynapse>
<Name>LG excite Recurr Inhib</Name>
<ID>12</ID>
<Equil>-10</Equil>
<SynAmp>5</SynAmp>
<Decay>30</Decay>
<RelFacil>1.5</RelFacil>
<FacilDecay>100</FacilDecay>
<VoltDep>False</VoltDep>
<MaxRelCond>5</MaxRelCond>
<SatPSPot>-30</SatPSPot>
<ThreshPSPot>-60</ThreshPSPot>
<Hebbian>False</Hebbian>
<MaxAugCond>1</MaxAugCond>
<LearningInc>0.1</LearningInc>
<LearningTime>20</LearningTime>
<AllowForget>True</AllowForget>
<ForgetTime>10000</ForgetTime>
<Consolidation>1</Consolidation>
</SpikingSynapse>
<SpikingSynapse>
<Name>PAD</Name>
<ID>13</ID>
<Equil>-65</Equil>
<SynAmp>20</SynAmp>
<Decay>30</Decay>
<RelFacil>1</RelFacil>
<FacilDecay>100</FacilDecay>
<VoltDep>False</VoltDep>
<MaxRelCond>5</MaxRelCond>
<SatPSPot>-30</SatPSPot>
<ThreshPSPot>-60</ThreshPSPot>
<Hebbian>False</Hebbian>
<MaxAugCond>1</MaxAugCond>
<LearningInc>0.1</LearningInc>
<LearningTime>20</LearningTime>
<AllowForget>True</AllowForget>
<ForgetTime>10000</ForgetTime>
<Consolidation>1</Consolidation>
</SpikingSynapse>
<SpikingSynapse>
<Name>Flex excite Inhib</Name>
<ID>14</ID>
<Equil>-10</Equil>
<SynAmp>1</SynAmp>
<Decay>30</Decay>
<RelFacil>1.5</RelFacil>
<FacilDecay>100</FacilDecay>
<VoltDep>False</VoltDep>
<MaxRelCond>5</MaxRelCond>
<SatPSPot>-30</SatPSPot>
<ThreshPSPot>-60</ThreshPSPot>
<Hebbian>False</Hebbian>
<MaxAugCond>1</MaxAugCond>
<LearningInc>0.1</LearningInc>
<LearningTime>20</LearningTime>
<AllowForget>True</AllowForget>
<ForgetTime>10000</ForgetTime>
<Consolidation>1</Consolidation>
</SpikingSynapse>
<SpikingSynapse>
<Name>MoG-FF</Name>
<ID>15</ID>
<Equil>-10</Equil>
<SynAmp>10</SynAmp>
<Decay>3</Decay>
<RelFacil>0.5</RelFacil>
<FacilDecay>100</FacilDecay>
<VoltDep>False</VoltDep>
<MaxRelCond>5e+06</MaxRelCond>
<SatPSPot>-30</SatPSPot>
<ThreshPSPot>-60</ThreshPSPot>
<Hebbian>False</Hebbian>
<MaxAugCond>1</MaxAugCond>
<LearningInc>10</LearningInc>
<LearningTime>20</LearningTime>
<AllowForget>True</AllowForget>
<ForgetTime>10000</ForgetTime>
<Consolidation>1</Consolidation>
</SpikingSynapse>
<SpikingSynapse>
<Name>Strong IPSP</Name>
<ID>16</ID>
<Equil>-95</Equil>
<SynAmp>3</SynAmp>
<Decay>3</Decay>
<RelFacil>1</RelFacil>
<FacilDecay>100</FacilDecay>
<VoltDep>False</VoltDep>
<MaxRelCond>5e+06</MaxRelCond>
<SatPSPot>-30</SatPSPot>
<ThreshPSPot>-60</ThreshPSPot>
<Hebbian>False</Hebbian>
<MaxAugCond>1</MaxAugCond>
<LearningInc>10</LearningInc>
<LearningTime>20</LearningTime>
<AllowForget>True</AllowForget>
<ForgetTime>10000</ForgetTime>
<Consolidation>1</Consolidation>
</SpikingSynapse>
<SpikingSynapse>
<Name>FF Mn to FF muscle</Name>
<ID>17</ID>
<Equil>-10</Equil>
<SynAmp>0.5</SynAmp>
<Decay>3</Decay>
<RelFacil>0</RelFacil>
<FacilDecay>1000</FacilDecay>
<VoltDep>False</VoltDep>
<MaxRelCond>5e+06</MaxRelCond>
<SatPSPot>-30</SatPSPot>
<ThreshPSPot>-60</ThreshPSPot>
<Hebbian>False</Hebbian>
<MaxAugCond>1</MaxAugCond>
<LearningInc>10</LearningInc>
<LearningTime>20</LearningTime>
<AllowForget>True</AllowForget>
<ForgetTime>10000</ForgetTime>
<Consolidation>1</Consolidation>
</SpikingSynapse>
<SpikingSynapse>
<Name>Dep MoG to FF muscle</Name>
<ID>18</ID>
<Equil>-10</Equil>
<SynAmp>10</SynAmp>
<Decay>3</Decay>
<RelFacil>0.5</RelFacil>
<FacilDecay>100</FacilDecay>
<VoltDep>False</VoltDep>
<MaxRelCond>5e+06</MaxRelCond>
<SatPSPot>-30</SatPSPot>
<ThreshPSPot>-60</ThreshPSPot>
<Hebbian>False</Hebbian>
<MaxAugCond>1</MaxAugCond>
<LearningInc>10</LearningInc>
<LearningTime>20</LearningTime>
<AllowForget>True</AllowForget>
<ForgetTime>10000</ForgetTime>
<Consolidation>1</Consolidation>
</SpikingSynapse>
<SpikingSynapse>
<Name>Short dIPSP</Name>
<ID>19</ID>
<Equil>-65</Equil>
<SynAmp>2</SynAmp>
<Decay>25</Decay>
<RelFacil>1.5</RelFacil>
<FacilDecay>100</FacilDecay>
<VoltDep>False</VoltDep>
<MaxRelCond>5</MaxRelCond>
<SatPSPot>-30</SatPSPot>
<ThreshPSPot>-60</ThreshPSPot>
<Hebbian>False</Hebbian>
<MaxAugCond>1</MaxAugCond>
<LearningInc>0.1</LearningInc>
<LearningTime>20</LearningTime>
<AllowForget>True</AllowForget>
<ForgetTime>10000</ForgetTime>
<Consolidation>1</Consolidation>
</SpikingSynapse>
<SpikingSynapse>
<Name>Phasic NMJ</Name>
<ID>20</ID>
<Equil>-10</Equil>
<SynAmp>0.5</SynAmp>
<Decay>3</Decay>
<RelFacil>1</RelFacil>
<FacilDecay>100</FacilDecay>
<VoltDep>False</VoltDep>
<MaxRelCond>5</MaxRelCond>
<SatPSPot>-30</SatPSPot>
<ThreshPSPot>-60</ThreshPSPot>
<Hebbian>False</Hebbian>
<MaxAugCond>1</MaxAugCond>
<LearningInc>0.1</LearningInc>
<LearningTime>20</LearningTime>
<AllowForget>True</AllowForget>
<ForgetTime>10000</ForgetTime>
<Consolidation>1</Consolidation>
</SpikingSynapse>
</SpikingSynapses>
<NonSpikingSynapses>
<NonSpikingSynapse>
<Name>Hyperpolarising IPSP</Name>
<ID>0</ID>
<Equil>-70</Equil>
<SynAmp>0.5</SynAmp>
<ThreshV>-55</ThreshV>
<SaturateV>-40</SaturateV>
</NonSpikingSynapse>
<NonSpikingSynapse>
<Name>Nicotinic ACh type</Name>
<ID>1</ID>
<Equil>-10</Equil>
<SynAmp>10</SynAmp>
<ThreshV>-65</ThreshV>
<SaturateV>-20</SaturateV>
</NonSpikingSynapse>
<NonSpikingSynapse>
<Name>Depolarising IPSP</Name>
<ID>2</ID>
<Equil>-60</Equil>
<SynAmp>4</SynAmp>
<ThreshV>-68</ThreshV>
<SaturateV>-40</SaturateV>
</NonSpikingSynapse>
</NonSpikingSynapses>
<ElectricalSynapses>
<ElectricalSynapse>
<Name>ipsi-contra LG</Name>
<ID>0</ID>
<LowCoup>5</LowCoup>
<HiCoup>5</HiCoup>
<TurnOnV>0</TurnOnV>
<SaturateV>0</SaturateV>
</ElectricalSynapse>
<ElectricalSynapse>
<Name>Afferent-LG Rectifying</Name>
<ID>1</ID>
<LowCoup>0.05</LowCoup>
<HiCoup>2</HiCoup>
<TurnOnV>15</TurnOnV>
<SaturateV>35</SaturateV>
</ElectricalSynapse>
<ElectricalSynapse>
<Name>Rectifying Synapse High</Name>
<ID>2</ID>
<LowCoup>0.05</LowCoup>
<HiCoup>5</HiCoup>
<TurnOnV>0</TurnOnV>
<SaturateV>20</SaturateV>
</ElectricalSynapse>
<ElectricalSynapse>
<Name>Non-Rectifying Synapse High</Name>
<ID>3</ID>
<LowCoup>10</LowCoup>
<HiCoup>10</HiCoup>
<TurnOnV>0</TurnOnV>
<SaturateV>0</SaturateV>
</ElectricalSynapse>
<ElectricalSynapse>
<Name>Intra-LG</Name>
<ID>4</ID>
<LowCoup>0.2</LowCoup>
<HiCoup>0.2</HiCoup>
<TurnOnV>0</TurnOnV>
<SaturateV>0</SaturateV>
</ElectricalSynapse>
<ElectricalSynapse>
<Name>Non-Rectifying Synapse Medium</Name>
<ID>5</ID>
<LowCoup>1.5</LowCoup>
<HiCoup>1.5</HiCoup>
<TurnOnV>0</TurnOnV>
<SaturateV>0</SaturateV>
</ElectricalSynapse>
<ElectricalSynapse>
<Name>Intra-Int C</Name>
<ID>6</ID>
<LowCoup>1.5</LowCoup>
<HiCoup>1.5</HiCoup>
<TurnOnV>0</TurnOnV>
<SaturateV>0</SaturateV>
</ElectricalSynapse>
<ElectricalSynapse>
<Name>Rectifying Synapse Very Low</Name>
<ID>7</ID>
<LowCoup>0.01</LowCoup>
<HiCoup>0.05</HiCoup>
<TurnOnV>0</TurnOnV>
<SaturateV>20</SaturateV>
</ElectricalSynapse>
<ElectricalSynapse>
<Name>Rectifying Synapse Med</Name>
<ID>8</ID>
<LowCoup>0.05</LowCoup>
<HiCoup>2</HiCoup>
<TurnOnV>15</TurnOnV>
<SaturateV>35</SaturateV>
</ElectricalSynapse>
<ElectricalSynapse>
<Name>Rectifying Synapse Low</Name>
<ID>9</ID>
<LowCoup>0.05</LowCoup>
<HiCoup>0.5</HiCoup>
<TurnOnV>0</TurnOnV>
<SaturateV>20</SaturateV>
</ElectricalSynapse>
<ElectricalSynapse>
<Name>Intra-Afferent</Name>
<ID>10</ID>
<LowCoup>2.5</LowCoup>
<HiCoup>2.5</HiCoup>
<TurnOnV>0</TurnOnV>
<SaturateV>0</SaturateV>
</ElectricalSynapse>
<ElectricalSynapse>
<Name>Inter-Afferent</Name>
<ID>11</ID>
<LowCoup>1.4</LowCoup>
<HiCoup>1.4</HiCoup>
<TurnOnV>0</TurnOnV>
<SaturateV>0</SaturateV>
</ElectricalSynapse>
<ElectricalSynapse>
<Name>Giant Motor Synapse</Name>
<ID>12</ID>
<LowCoup>0.1</LowCoup>
<HiCoup>10</HiCoup>
<TurnOnV>28</TurnOnV>
<SaturateV>50</SaturateV>
</ElectricalSynapse>
<ElectricalSynapse>
<Name>Non-Rectifying Synapse Low</Name>
<ID>13</ID>
<LowCoup>0.7</LowCoup>
<HiCoup>0.7</HiCoup>
<TurnOnV>0</TurnOnV>
<SaturateV>0</SaturateV>
</ElectricalSynapse>
<ElectricalSynapse>
<Name>LG Axon</Name>
<ID>14</ID>
<LowCoup>10</LowCoup>
<HiCoup>10</HiCoup>
<TurnOnV>0</TurnOnV>
<SaturateV>0</SaturateV>
</ElectricalSynapse>
</ElectricalSynapses>
</Synapses>
<Neurons>
<Neuron>
<ID>0</ID>
<Name>Ant Lev Tonic MNs</Name>
<Zapped>False</Zapped>
<TonicStimulus>0</TonicStimulus>
<Noise>0</Noise>
<RestingPot>-60</RestingPot>
<Size>1</Size>
<TimeConst>2</TimeConst>
<InitialThresh>-50</InitialThresh>
<RelativeAccom>0</RelativeAccom>
<AccomTimeConst>10</AccomTimeConst>
<AHPAmp>1</AHPAmp>
<AHPTimeConst>2</AHPTimeConst>
<GMaxCa>0</GMaxCa>
<VM>-30</VM>
<SM>0.1</SM>
<MTimeConst>20</MTimeConst>
<VH>-90</VH>
<SH>-0.1</SH>
<HTimeConst>7500</HTimeConst>
</Neuron>
<Neuron>
<ID>1</ID>
<Name>Leg5L Depressor Phasic Muscle</Name>
<Zapped>False</Zapped>
<TonicStimulus>0</TonicStimulus>
<Noise>0</Noise>
<RestingPot>-70</RestingPot>
<Size>1</Size>
<TimeConst>15</TimeConst>
<InitialThresh>50</InitialThresh>
<RelativeAccom>0</RelativeAccom>
<AccomTimeConst>10</AccomTimeConst>
<AHPAmp>1</AHPAmp>
<AHPTimeConst>3</AHPTimeConst>
<GMaxCa>0</GMaxCa>
<VM>-30</VM>
<SM>0.1</SM>
<MTimeConst>20</MTimeConst>
<VH>-90</VH>
<SH>-0.1</SH>
<HTimeConst>7500</HTimeConst>
</Neuron>
<Neuron>
<ID>2</ID>
<Name>Leg5L Levator Phasic Muscle</Name>
<Zapped>False</Zapped>
<TonicStimulus>0</TonicStimulus>
<Noise>0</Noise>
<RestingPot>-70</RestingPot>
<Size>1</Size>
<TimeConst>15</TimeConst>
<InitialThresh>50</InitialThresh>
<RelativeAccom>0</RelativeAccom>
<AccomTimeConst>10</AccomTimeConst>
<AHPAmp>1</AHPAmp>
<AHPTimeConst>3</AHPTimeConst>
<GMaxCa>0</GMaxCa>
<VM>-30</VM>
<SM>0.1</SM>
<MTimeConst>20</MTimeConst>
<VH>-90</VH>
<SH>-0.1</SH>
<HTimeConst>7500</HTimeConst>
</Neuron>
<Neuron>
<ID>3</ID>
<Name>Leg5L Levator Tonic Muscle</Name>
<Zapped>False</Zapped>
<TonicStimulus>0</TonicStimulus>
<Noise>0</Noise>
<RestingPot>-70</RestingPot>
<Size>1</Size>
<TimeConst>30</TimeConst>
<InitialThresh>50</InitialThresh>
<RelativeAccom>0</RelativeAccom>
<AccomTimeConst>10</AccomTimeConst>
<AHPAmp>1</AHPAmp>
<AHPTimeConst>3</AHPTimeConst>
<GMaxCa>0</GMaxCa>
<VM>-30</VM>
<SM>0.1</SM>
<MTimeConst>20</MTimeConst>
<VH>-90</VH>
<SH>-0.1</SH>
<HTimeConst>7500</HTimeConst>
</Neuron>
<Neuron>
<ID>4</ID>
<Name>Post Lev Tonic MNs</Name>
<Zapped>False</Zapped>
<TonicStimulus>0</TonicStimulus>
<Noise>0</Noise>
<RestingPot>-60</RestingPot>
<Size>1</Size>
<TimeConst>2</TimeConst>
<InitialThresh>-45</InitialThresh>
<RelativeAccom>0</RelativeAccom>
<AccomTimeConst>10</AccomTimeConst>
<AHPAmp>1</AHPAmp>
<AHPTimeConst>2</AHPTimeConst>
<GMaxCa>0</GMaxCa>
<VM>-30</VM>
<SM>0.1</SM>
<MTimeConst>20</MTimeConst>
<VH>-90</VH>
<SH>-0.1</SH>
<HTimeConst>7500</HTimeConst>
</Neuron>
<Neuron>
<ID>5</ID>
<Name>Leg5L Post Levator Phasic Muscle</Name>
<Zapped>False</Zapped>
<TonicStimulus>0</TonicStimulus>
<Noise>0</Noise>
<RestingPot>-70</RestingPot>
<Size>1</Size>
<TimeConst>15</TimeConst>
<InitialThresh>50</InitialThresh>
<RelativeAccom>0</RelativeAccom>
<AccomTimeConst>10</AccomTimeConst>
<AHPAmp>1</AHPAmp>
<AHPTimeConst>3</AHPTimeConst>
<GMaxCa>0</GMaxCa>
<VM>-30</VM>
<SM>0.1</SM>
<MTimeConst>20</MTimeConst>
<VH>-90</VH>
<SH>-0.1</SH>
<HTimeConst>7500</HTimeConst>
</Neuron>
<Neuron>
<ID>6</ID>
<Name>Leg5L Depressor Tonic Muscle</Name>
<Zapped>False</Zapped>
<TonicStimulus>0</TonicStimulus>
<Noise>0</Noise>
<RestingPot>-70</RestingPot>
<Size>1</Size>
<TimeConst>15</TimeConst>
<InitialThresh>50</InitialThresh>
<RelativeAccom>0</RelativeAccom>
<AccomTimeConst>10</AccomTimeConst>
<AHPAmp>1</AHPAmp>
<AHPTimeConst>3</AHPTimeConst>
<GMaxCa>0</GMaxCa>
<VM>-30</VM>
<SM>0.1</SM>
<MTimeConst>20</MTimeConst>
<VH>-90</VH>
<SH>-0.1</SH>
<HTimeConst>7500</HTimeConst>
</Neuron>
<Neuron>
<ID>7</ID>
<Name>Leg5L Post Levator Tonic Muscle</Name>
<Zapped>False</Zapped>
<TonicStimulus>0</TonicStimulus>
<Noise>0</Noise>
<RestingPot>-70</RestingPot>
<Size>1</Size>
<TimeConst>30</TimeConst>
<InitialThresh>50</InitialThresh>
<RelativeAccom>0</RelativeAccom>
<AccomTimeConst>10</AccomTimeConst>
<AHPAmp>1</AHPAmp>
<AHPTimeConst>3</AHPTimeConst>
<GMaxCa>0</GMaxCa>
<VM>-30</VM>
<SM>0.1</SM>
<MTimeConst>20</MTimeConst>
<VH>-90</VH>
<SH>-0.1</SH>
<HTimeConst>7500</HTimeConst>
</Neuron>
<Neuron>
<ID>8</ID>
<Name>Dep Tonic MNs</Name>
<Zapped>False</Zapped>
<TonicStimulus>0</TonicStimulus>
<Noise>0</Noise>
<RestingPot>-60</RestingPot>
<Size>1</Size>
<TimeConst>2</TimeConst>
<InitialThresh>-50</InitialThresh>
<RelativeAccom>0</RelativeAccom>
<AccomTimeConst>10</AccomTimeConst>
<AHPAmp>1</AHPAmp>
<AHPTimeConst>2</AHPTimeConst>
<GMaxCa>0</GMaxCa>
<VM>-30</VM>
<SM>0.1</SM>
<MTimeConst>20</MTimeConst>
<VH>-90</VH>
<SH>-0.1</SH>
<HTimeConst>7500</HTimeConst>
</Neuron>
</Neurons>
<Connexions>
<Connexion>
<Source>5</Source>
<Target>4</Target>
<Type>1</Type>
<ID>2</ID>
<Delay>0</Delay>
<GFacilCx>0.5</GFacilCx>
<G>0.5</G>
</Connexion>
<Connexion>
<Source>2</Source>
<Target>0</Target>
<Type>1</Type>
<ID>2</ID>
<Delay>0</Delay>
<GFacilCx>0.5</GFacilCx>
<G>0.5</G>
</Connexion>
<Connexion>
<Source>1</Source>
<Target>8</Target>
<Type>1</Type>
<ID>2</ID>
<Delay>0</Delay>
<GFacilCx>0.5</GFacilCx>
<G>0.5</G>
</Connexion>
<Connexion>
<Source>0</Source>
<Target>3</Target>
<Type>0</Type>
<ID>0</ID>
<Delay>0</Delay>
<GFacilCx>0.025</GFacilCx>
<G>0.025</G>
</Connexion>
<Connexion>
<Source>8</Source>
<Target>6</Target>
<Type>0</Type>
<ID>0</ID>
<Delay>0</Delay>
<GFacilCx>0.025</GFacilCx>
<G>0.025</G>
</Connexion>
<Connexion>
<Source>4</Source>
<Target>7</Target>
<Type>0</Type>
<ID>0</ID>
<Delay>0</Delay>
<GFacilCx>0.025</GFacilCx>
<G>0.025</G>
</Connexion>
</Connexions>
</NeuralModule>

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