Theoretical principles of DBS induced synaptic suppression (Farokhniaee & McIntyre 2019)

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Accession:261873
"Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a successful clinical therapy for a wide range of neurological disorders; however, the physiological mechanisms of DBS remain unresolved. While many different hypotheses currently exist, our analyses suggest that high frequency (~100?Hz) stimulation-induced synaptic suppression represents the most basic concept that can be directly reconciled with experimental recordings of spiking activity in neurons that are being driven by DBS inputs. Objective The goal of this project was to develop a simple model system to characterize the excitatory post-synaptic currents (EPSCs) and action potential signaling generated in a neuron that is strongly connected to pre-synaptic glutamatergic inputs that are being directly activated by DBS. Methods We used the Tsodyks-Markram (TM) phenomenological synapse model to represent depressing, facilitating, and pseudo-linear synapses driven by DBS over a wide range of stimulation frequencies. The EPSCs were then used as inputs to a leaky integrate-and-fire neuron model and we measured the DBS-triggered post-synaptic spiking activity. Results Synaptic suppression was a robust feature of high frequency stimulation, independent of the synapse type. As such, the TM equations were used to define alternative DBS pulsing strategies that maximized synaptic suppression with the minimum number of stimuli. ..."
Reference:
1 . Farokhniaee A, McIntyre CC (2019) Theoretical principles of deep brain stimulation induced synaptic suppression. Brain Stimul 12:1402-1409 [PubMed]
Model Information (Click on a link to find other models with that property)
Model Type: Synapse; Neuron or other electrically excitable cell;
Brain Region(s)/Organism: Neocortex;
Cell Type(s): Abstract integrate-and-fire leaky neuron;
Channel(s):
Gap Junctions:
Receptor(s):
Gene(s):
Transmitter(s): Glutamate;
Simulation Environment: MATLAB;
Model Concept(s): Activity Patterns; Action Potentials; Deep brain stimulation;
Implementer(s): Farokhniaee, AmirAli [aafarokh at gmail.com];
Search NeuronDB for information about:  Glutamate;
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