D2 dopamine receptor modulation of interneuronal activity (Maurice et al. 2004)

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Accession:98005
"... Using a combination of electrophysiological, molecular, and computational approaches, the studies reported here show that D2 dopamine receptor modulation of Na+ currents underlying autonomous spiking contributes to a slowing of discharge rate, such as that seen in vivo. Four lines of evidence support this conclusion. ... Fourth, simulation of cholinergic interneuron pacemaking revealed that a modest increase in the entry of Na+ channels into the slow-inactivated state was sufficient to account for the slowing of pacemaker discharge. These studies establish a cellular mechanism linking dopamine and the reduction in striatal cholinergic interneuron activity seen in the initial stages of associative learning." See paper for more and details.
Reference:
1 . Maurice N, Mercer J, Chan CS, Hernandez-Lopez S, Held J, Tkatch T, Surmeier DJ (2004) D2 dopamine receptor-mediated modulation of voltage-dependent Na+ channels reduces autonomous activity in striatal cholinergic interneurons. J Neurosci 24:10289-301 [PubMed]
Model Information (Click on a link to find other models with that property)
Model Type: Neuron or other electrically excitable cell;
Brain Region(s)/Organism:
Cell Type(s): Neostriatum interneuron ACh cell;
Channel(s): I Na,t; I K; I h; I K,Ca; I Sodium; I Calcium; I Potassium;
Gap Junctions:
Receptor(s): D2;
Gene(s): D2 DRD2; HCN1; HCN2;
Transmitter(s):
Simulation Environment: NEURON;
Model Concept(s): Activity Patterns; Action Potentials; Parkinson's;
Implementer(s): Held, Joshua [j-held at northwestern.edu];
Search NeuronDB for information about:  Neostriatum interneuron ACh cell; D2; I Na,t; I K; I h; I K,Ca; I Sodium; I Calcium; I Potassium;
: this model is built-in to neuron with suffix synampa

COMMENT
synaptic current with exponential rise and decay conductance defined by
        i = g * (v - e)      i(nanoamps), g(micromhos);
        where
         g = 0 for t < onset and
         g=amp*((1-exp(-(t-onset)/tau0))-(1-exp(-(t-onset)/tau1)))
          for t > onset
ENDCOMMENT
					       
INDEPENDENT {t FROM 0 TO 1 WITH 1 (ms)}

NEURON {
	POINT_PROCESS synampa
	RANGE onset, tau0, tau1, gmax, e, i
	NONSPECIFIC_CURRENT i
}
UNITS {
	(nA) = (nanoamp)
	(mV) = (millivolt)
	(umho) = (micromho)
}

PARAMETER {
	onset=0  (ms)
	tau0=0.2 (ms)
	tau1=3.0 (ms)
	gmax=0 	 (umho)
	e=0	 (mV)
	v	 (mV)
}

ASSIGNED { i (nA)  g (umho) }

LOCAL   a[2]
LOCAL   tpeak
LOCAL   adjust
LOCAL   amp

BREAKPOINT {
        g = cond(t)
	i = g*(v - e)
}

FUNCTION cond(x) {
	tpeak=tau0*tau1*log(tau0/tau1)/(tau0-tau1)
	adjust=1/((1-exp(-tpeak/tau0))-(1-exp(-tpeak/tau1)))
	amp=adjust*gmax
	if (x < onset) {
		cond = 0
	}else{
		a[0]=1-exp(-(x-onset)/tau0)
		a[1]=1-exp(-(x-onset)/tau1)
		cond = amp*(a[0]-a[1])
	}
}

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