Ribbon Synapse (Sikora et al 2005)

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A model of the ribbon synapse was developed to replicate both pre- and postsynaptic functions of this glutamatergic juncture. The presynaptic portion of the model is rich in anatomical and physiological detail and includes multiple release sites for each ribbon based on anatomical studies of presynaptic terminals, presynaptic voltage at the terminal, the activation of voltage-gated calcium channels and a calcium-dependent release mechanism whose rate varies as a function of the calcium concentration that is monitored at two different sites which control both an ultrafast, docked pool of vesicles and a release ready pool of tethered vesicles. See paper for more and details.
1 . Sikora MA, Gottesman J, Miller RF (2005) A computational model of the ribbon synapse. J Neurosci Methods 145:47-61 [PubMed]
Model Information (Click on a link to find other models with that property)
Model Type: Synapse;
Brain Region(s)/Organism:
Cell Type(s): Retina ganglion GLU cell; Retina bipolar GLU cell;
Channel(s): I L high threshold;
Gap Junctions:
Receptor(s): AMPA; NMDA;
Transmitter(s): Glutamate;
Simulation Environment: NEURON;
Model Concept(s): Intrinsic plasticity; Calcium dynamics;
Implementer(s): Sikora, Michael [Sikora at umn.edu];
Search NeuronDB for information about:  Retina ganglion GLU cell; Retina bipolar GLU cell; AMPA; NMDA; I L high threshold; Glutamate;
load_proc ("nrnmainmenu")
create soma, bp
soma {L=25 diam=25 nseg=2}
bp {L=10 diam=10 nseg=1}

// Pre synaptic mechanisms (L channel and Voltage Clamp)
access bp
objectvar calcium
calcium = new caconc(0.5)

objectvar synapse[50]
access soma
for i=0, 49{
synapse[i] = new ribbon_ca(0.5)
setpointer synapse[i].preCA1,caconc_caconc
setpointer synapse[i].preCA2,caconc_caconc

// Pre synaptic mechanisms (L channel and Voltage Clamp)
access bp
insert gfbp
insert cad
depth_cad = 0.01
gcabar_gfbp =  0.00215
gkbar_gfbp =   0
gabar_gfbp =   0
gkcbar_gfbp =  0
gnabar_gfbp =  0
objectvar bpclamp
bpclamp = new VClamp(0.5)

RVP = 5

proc set_stim(){
for i = 0, 49 {
synapse[i].rate_constantIN = RateIn
synapse[i].S = Sout
synapse[i].Max_RVP = RVP

objectvar vbox,vbox3, tempobj3

proc rib_panel(){
        vbox3 = new VBox()

        xpanel("Single Release Site")
        xvalue("Rate IN","RateIn",1, "set_stim()")
	  xvalue("Rouze output","Sout",1, "set_stim()")
	  xvalue("RVP","RVP",1, "set_stim()")

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