1. Féger J and Robledo P. (1991) The Effects of Activation or Inhibition of the Subthalamic Nucleus on the Metabolic and Electrophysiological Activities Within the Pallidal Complex and Substantia Nigra in the Rat. Eur J Neurosci 3:947-952.

NeuronCompartmentPropertyConnectivityNotes
Substantia nigra pars reticulata principal GABA cellDistal equivalent dendriteNMDA subthalamonigral inputIn vivo, the excitatory influence of STN contributes to the tonic discharge of SNr cells as shown by the marked reduction in SNr firing rate induced by a pharmacological blockade of STN activity (Féger J and Robledo P, 19911 ). The effects of glutamate on SNr cells is mediated by the three principal types of glutamate receptors: a-amino 3hydroxy-5methyl- 4-isoxaline propionic acid/kainate (AMPA), N-methyl-D aspartate (NMDA) and metabotropic receptors” Reviewed in (Deniau JM et al, 20072 ).
Substantia nigra pars reticulata principal GABA cellMiddle equivalent dendriteNMDAsubthalamonigral inputIn vivo, the excitatory influence of STN contributes to the tonic discharge of SNr cells as shown by the marked reduction in SNr firing rate induced by a pharmacological blockade of STN activity (Féger J and Robledo P, 19911 ). The effects of glutamate on SNr cells is mediated by the three principal types of glutamate receptors: a-amino 3hydroxy-5methyl- 4-isoxaline propionic acid/kainate (AMPA), N-methyl-D aspartate (NMDA) and metabotropic receptors” Reviewed in (Deniau JM et al, 20072 ).
Substantia nigra pars reticulata principal GABA cellProximal equivalent dendriteNMDAsubthalamonigral inputIn vivo, the excitatory influence of STN contributes to the tonic discharge of SNr cells as shown by the marked reduction in SNr firing rate induced by a pharmacological blockade of STN activity (Féger J and Robledo P, 19911 ). The effects of glutamate on SNr cells is mediated by the three principal types of glutamate receptors: a-amino 3hydroxy-5methyl- 4-isoxaline propionic acid/kainate (AMPA), N-methyl-D aspartate (NMDA) and metabotropic receptors” Reviewed in (Deniau JM et al, 20072 ).
Substantia nigra pars reticulata principal GABA cellProximal equivalent dendriteAMPAsubthalamonigral inputIn vivo, the excitatory influence of STN contributes to the tonic discharge of SNr cells as shown by the marked reduction in SNr firing rate induced by a pharmacological blockade of STN activity (Féger J and Robledo P, 19911 ). The effects of glutamate on SNr cells is mediated by the three principal types of glutamate receptors: a-amino 3hydroxy-5methyl- 4-isoxaline propionic acid/kainate (AMPA), N-methyl-D aspartate (NMDA) and metabotropic receptors” Reviewed in (Deniau JM et al, 20072 ).
Substantia nigra pars reticulata principal GABA cellMiddle equivalent dendriteAMPAsubthalamonigral inputIn vivo, the excitatory influence of STN contributes to the tonic discharge of SNr cells as shown by the marked reduction in SNr firing rate induced by a pharmacological blockade of STN activity (Féger J and Robledo P, 19911 ). The effects of glutamate on SNr cells is mediated by the three principal types of glutamate receptors: a-amino 3hydroxy-5methyl- 4-isoxaline propionic acid/kainate (AMPA), N-methyl-D aspartate (NMDA) and metabotropic receptors” Reviewed in (Deniau JM et al, 20072 ).
Substantia nigra pars reticulata principal GABA cellDistal equivalent dendriteAMPAsubthalamonigral inputIn vivo, the excitatory influence of STN contributes to the tonic discharge of SNr cells as shown by the marked reduction in SNr firing rate induced by a pharmacological blockade of STN activity (Féger J and Robledo P, 19911 ). The effects of glutamate on SNr cells is mediated by the three principal types of glutamate receptors: a-amino 3hydroxy-5methyl- 4-isoxaline propionic acid/kainate (AMPA), N-methyl-D aspartate (NMDA) and metabotropic receptors” Reviewed in (Deniau JM et al, 20072 ).
Substantia nigra pars reticulata principal GABA cellDistal equivalent dendritemGluR1subthalamonigral inputIn vivo, the excitatory influence of STN contributes to the tonic discharge of SNr cells as shown by the marked reduction in SNr firing rate induced by a pharmacological blockade of STN activity (Féger J and Robledo P, 19911 ). The effects of glutamate on SNr cells is mediated by the three principal types of glutamate receptors: a-amino 3hydroxy-5methyl- 4-isoxaline propionic acid/kainate (AMPA), N-methyl-D aspartate (NMDA) and metabotropic receptors [mGluR1 and mGluR5]” Reviewed in (Deniau JM et al, 20072 ).
Substantia nigra pars reticulata principal GABA cellMiddle equivalent dendritemGluR1subthalamonigral inputIn vivo, the excitatory influence of STN contributes to the tonic discharge of SNr cells as shown by the marked reduction in SNr firing rate induced by a pharmacological blockade of STN activity (Féger J and Robledo P, 19911 ). The effects of glutamate on SNr cells is mediated by the three principal types of glutamate receptors: a-amino 3hydroxy-5methyl- 4-isoxaline propionic acid/kainate (AMPA), N-methyl-D aspartate (NMDA) and metabotropic receptors [mGluR1 and mGluR5]” Reviewed in (Deniau JM et al, 20072 ).
Substantia nigra pars reticulata principal GABA cellProximal equivalent dendritemGluR1subthalamonigral inputIn vivo, the excitatory influence of STN contributes to the tonic discharge of SNr cells as shown by the marked reduction in SNr firing rate induced by a pharmacological blockade of STN activity (Féger J and Robledo P, 19911 ). The effects of glutamate on SNr cells is mediated by the three principal types of glutamate receptors: a-amino 3hydroxy-5methyl- 4-isoxaline propionic acid/kainate (AMPA), N-methyl-D aspartate (NMDA) and metabotropic receptors [mGluR1 and mGluR5]” Reviewed in (Deniau JM et al, 20072 ).
Substantia nigra pars reticulata principal GABA cellDistal equivalent dendritemGluR5subthalamonigral inputIn vivo, the excitatory influence of STN contributes to the tonic discharge of SNr cells as shown by the marked reduction in SNr firing rate induced by a pharmacological blockade of STN activity (Féger J and Robledo P, 19911 ). The effects of glutamate on SNr cells is mediated by the three principal types of glutamate receptors: a-amino 3hydroxy-5methyl- 4-isoxaline propionic acid/kainate (AMPA), N-methyl-D aspartate (NMDA) and metabotropic receptors [mGluR1 and mGluR5]” Reviewed in (Deniau JM et al, 20072 ).
Substantia nigra pars reticulata principal GABA cellMiddle equivalent dendritemGluR5subthalamonigral inputIn vivo, the excitatory influence of STN contributes to the tonic discharge of SNr cells as shown by the marked reduction in SNr firing rate induced by a pharmacological blockade of STN activity (Féger J and Robledo P, 19911 ). The effects of glutamate on SNr cells is mediated by the three principal types of glutamate receptors: a-amino 3hydroxy-5methyl- 4-isoxaline propionic acid/kainate (AMPA), N-methyl-D aspartate (NMDA) and metabotropic receptors [mGluR1 and mGluR5]” Reviewed in (Deniau JM et al, 20072 ).
Substantia nigra pars reticulata principal GABA cellProximal equivalent dendritemGluR5subthalamonigral inputIn vivo, the excitatory influence of STN contributes to the tonic discharge of SNr cells as shown by the marked reduction in SNr firing rate induced by a pharmacological blockade of STN activity (Féger J and Robledo P, 19911 ). The effects of glutamate on SNr cells is mediated by the three principal types of glutamate receptors: a-amino 3hydroxy-5methyl- 4-isoxaline propionic acid/kainate (AMPA), N-methyl-D aspartate (NMDA) and metabotropic receptors [mGluR1 and mGluR5]” Reviewed in (Deniau JM et al, 20072 ).

Classical References: first publications on each compartmental property; search PubMed for complete list
1.  Féger J and Robledo P. (1991) The Effects of Activation or Inhibition of the Subthalamic Nucleus on the Metabolic and Electrophysiological Activities Within the Pallidal Complex and Substantia Nigra in the Rat. Eur J Neurosci 3:947-952.
2.  Deniau JM, Mailly P, Maurice N and Charpier S. (2007) The pars reticulata of the substantia nigra: a window to basal ganglia output. Prog Brain Res 160:151-72 [Journal] .