1. Stuart GJ and Sakmann B. (1994) Active propagation of somatic action potentials into neocortical pyramidal cell dendrites. Nature 367:69-72 [Journal] .

NeuronCompartmentPropertyConnectivityNotes
Neocortex L5/6 pyramidal GLU cellDistal apical dendriteI Na,t.Numerous authors (e.g., (Wong RK et al, 19792 ). Benardo et al 1982; (Huguenard JR et al, 1989 [rat]3 ). have provided evidence for active properties. Dual patch recordings show backpropagating impulses (Stuart GJ and Sakmann B, 1994 [rat]1 ). (Ulrich D and Stricker C, 20004 ).
Neocortex L5/6 pyramidal GLU cellMiddle apical dendriteI Na,t.Numerous authors (e.g., (Wong RK et al, 19792 ). Benardo et al 1982; (Huguenard JR et al, 1989 [rat]3 ). have provided evidence for active properties. Dual patch recordings show backpropagating impulses (Stuart GJ and Sakmann B, 1994 [rat]1 ). (Ulrich D and Stricker C, 20004 ).
Neocortex L5/6 pyramidal GLU cellProximal apical dendriteI Na,t.Numerous authors (e.g., (Wong RK et al, 19792 ). Benardo et al 1982; (Huguenard JR et al, 1989 [rat]3 ). have provided evidence for active properties. Dual patch recordings show backpropagating impulses (Stuart GJ and Sakmann B, 1994 [rat]1 ). (Ulrich D and Stricker C, 20004 ).
Substantia nigra pars compacta DA cellMiddle apical dendriteI p,q.The action potential has a pronounced Ca component on its falling phase (Yung WH et al, 1991 [guinea pig]5 ). reviewed in (Häusser M et al, 1995 [rat]6 ). (Yung WH et al, 1991 [guinea pig]5 ). (Geffen LB et al, 1976 [rat]7 ). (Stuart GJ and Sakmann B, 1994 [rat]1 ).
Neocortex M1 L6 pyramidal corticothalamic GLU cellDistal apical dendriteI Na,t.Numerous authors (e.g., (Wong RK et al, 19792 ). Benardo et al 1982; (Huguenard JR et al, 1989 [rat]3 ). have provided evidence for active properties. Dual patch recordings show backpropagating impulses (Stuart GJ and Sakmann B, 1994 [rat]1 ). (Ulrich D and Stricker C, 20004 ).
Neocortex M1 L6 pyramidal corticothalamic GLU cellMiddle apical dendriteI Na,t.Numerous authors (e.g., (Wong RK et al, 19792 ). Benardo et al 1982; (Huguenard JR et al, 1989 [rat]3 ). have provided evidence for active properties. Dual patch recordings show backpropagating impulses (Stuart GJ and Sakmann B, 1994 [rat]1 ). (Ulrich D and Stricker C, 20004 ).
Neocortex M1 L6 pyramidal corticothalamic GLU cellProximal apical dendriteI Na,t.Numerous authors (e.g., (Wong RK et al, 19792 ). Benardo et al 1982; (Huguenard JR et al, 1989 [rat]3 ). have provided evidence for active properties. Dual patch recordings show backpropagating impulses (Stuart GJ and Sakmann B, 1994 [rat]1 ). (Ulrich D and Stricker C, 20004 ).

Classical References: first publications on each compartmental property; search PubMed for complete list
1.  Stuart GJ and Sakmann B. (1994) Active propagation of somatic action potentials into neocortical pyramidal cell dendrites. Nature 367:69-72 [Journal] .
2.  Wong RK, Prince DA and Basbaum AI. (1979) Intradendritic recordings from hippocampal neurons. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 76:986-90.
3.  Huguenard JR, Hamill OP and Prince DA. (1989) Sodium channels in dendrites of rat cortical pyramidal neurons. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 86:2473-7.
4.  Ulrich D and Stricker C. (2000) Dendrosomatic voltage and charge transfer in rat neocortical pyramidal cells in vitro. J Neurophysiol 84:1445-52 [Journal] .
5.  Yung WH, Häusser MA and Jack JJ. (1991) Electrophysiology of dopaminergic and non-dopaminergic neurones of the guinea-pig substantia nigra pars compacta in vitro. J Physiol 436:643-67.
6.  Häusser M, Stuart G, Racca C and Sakmann B. (1995) Axonal initiation and active dendritic propagation of action potentials in substantia nigra neurons. Neuron 15:637-47.
7.  Geffen LB, Jessell TM, Cuello AC and Iversen LL. (1976) Release of dopamine from dendrites in rat substantia nigra. Nature 260:258-60.