CA1 pyramidal neuron: depolarization block (Bianchi et al. 2012)

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Accession:143719
NEURON files from the paper: On the mechanisms underlying the depolarization block in the spiking dynamics of CA1 pyramidal neurons by D.Bianchi, A. Marasco, A.Limongiello, C.Marchetti, H.Marie,B.Tirozzi, M.Migliore (2012). J Comput. Neurosci. In press. DOI: 10.1007/s10827-012-0383-y. Experimental findings shown that under sustained input current of increasing strength neurons eventually stop firing, entering a depolarization block. We analyze the spiking dynamics of CA1 pyramidal neuron models using the same set of ionic currents on both an accurate morphological reconstruction and on its reduction to a single-compartment. The results show the specic ion channel properties and kinetics that are needed to reproduce the experimental findings, and how their interplay can drastically modulate the neuronal dynamics and the input current range leading to depolarization block.
Reference:
1 . Bianchi D, Marasco A, Limongiello A, Marchetti C, Marie H, Tirozzi B, Migliore M (2012) On the mechanisms underlying the depolarization block in the spiking dynamics of CA1 pyramidal neurons. J Comput Neurosci 33:207-25 [PubMed]
Model Information (Click on a link to find other models with that property)
Model Type: Neuron or other electrically excitable cell;
Brain Region(s)/Organism: Hippocampus;
Cell Type(s): Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal GLU cell;
Channel(s): I Na,t; I A; I K; I M; I h; I K,Ca; I_AHP;
Gap Junctions:
Receptor(s): GabaA; AMPA; NMDA;
Gene(s):
Transmitter(s): Gaba; Glutamate;
Simulation Environment: NEURON; Mathematica;
Model Concept(s): Simplified Models; Depolarization block; Bifurcation;
Implementer(s): Bianchi, Daniela [danielabianchi12 -at- gmail.com]; Limongiello, Alessandro [alessandro.limongiello at unina.it];
Search NeuronDB for information about:  Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal GLU cell; GabaA; AMPA; NMDA; I Na,t; I A; I K; I M; I h; I K,Ca; I_AHP; Gaba; Glutamate;
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Ca1_Bianchi
experiment
cad.mod *
cagk.mod *
cal.mod *
calH.mod *
car.mod *
cat.mod *
d3.mod *
h.mod *
kadist.mod *
kaprox.mod *
kca.mod *
kdr.mod *
km.mod *
na3.mod *
na3dend.mod *
na3notrunk.mod *
nap.mod *
nax.mod *
somacar.mod *
cell-setup.hoc
mosinit.hoc
sessio.ses
Simulation.hoc
                            
TITLE CA1 KM channel from Mala Shah
: M. Migliore June 2006

UNITS {
	(mA) = (milliamp)
	(mV) = (millivolt)

}

PARAMETER {
	v 		(mV)
	ek
	celsius 	(degC)
	gbar=.0001 	(mho/cm2)
      : vhalfl=-40  	(mV)
     vhalfl=-42	(mV)
	kl=-4
       : vhalft=-42   	(mV)
       vhalft=-42 (mV)
        a0t=0.04  	(/ms)
      : a0t=0.009      	(/ms)

      : zetat=7    	(1)
      zetat=4
        gmt=.7	(1)
       	q10=5
	b0=60
	st=1
}


NEURON {
	SUFFIX km
	USEION k READ ek WRITE ik
        RANGE  gbar,ik
      GLOBAL inf, tau
}

STATE {
        m
}

ASSIGNED {
	ik (mA/cm2)
        inf
	tau
        taua
	taub
}

INITIAL {
	rate(v)
	m=inf
}


BREAKPOINT {
	SOLVE state METHOD cnexp
	ik = gbar*m^st*(v-ek)
}


FUNCTION alpt(v(mV)) {
  alpt = exp(0.0378*zetat*(v-vhalft)) 
}

FUNCTION bett(v(mV)) {
  bett = exp(0.0378*zetat*gmt*(v-vhalft)) 
}

DERIVATIVE state {
        rate(v)
:        if (m<inf) {tau=taua} else {tau=taub}
	m' = (inf - m)/tau
}

PROCEDURE rate(v (mV)) { :callable from hoc
        LOCAL a,qt
        qt=q10^((celsius-35)/10)
        inf = (1/(1 + exp((v-vhalfl)/kl)))
        a = alpt(v)
        tau = b0 + bett(v)/(a0t*(1+a))
:        taua = 50
:        taub = 300
}















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