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Synaptic gating at axonal branches, and sharp-wave ripples with replay (Vladimirov et al. 2013)

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The computational model of in vivo sharp-wave ripples with place cell replay. Excitatory post-synaptic potentials at dendrites gate antidromic spikes arriving from the axonal collateral, and thus determine when the soma and the main axon fire. The model allows synchronous replay of pyramidal cells during sharp-wave ripple event, and the replay is possible in both forward and reverse directions.
1 . Vladimirov N, Tu Y, Traub RD (2013) Synaptic gating at axonal branches, and sharp-wave ripples with replay: a simulation study. Eur J Neurosci 38:3435-47 [PubMed]
Model Information (Click on a link to find other models with that property)
Model Type: Neuron or other electrically excitable cell; Axon; Dendrite; Connectionist Network;
Brain Region(s)/Organism:
Cell Type(s): Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal GLU cell; Hippocampus CA1 basket cell;
Channel(s): I Na,t; I A; I K; I K,leak; I K,Ca; I Calcium; I Potassium; I_AHP;
Gap Junctions: Gap junctions;
Receptor(s): GabaA; AMPA;
Transmitter(s): Gaba; Glutamate;
Simulation Environment: NEURON;
Model Concept(s): Action Potential Initiation; Oscillations; Synchronization; Axonal Action Potentials; Place cell/field; Conduction failure; Brain Rhythms;
Implementer(s): Vladimirov, Nikita ;
Search NeuronDB for information about:  Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal GLU cell; GabaA; AMPA; I Na,t; I A; I K; I K,leak; I K,Ca; I Calcium; I Potassium; I_AHP; Gaba; Glutamate;
  Generates a train of current pulses
  User specifies duration of pulse, interpulse interval (ton and toff),
  and number of pulses.
  1/24/2002 NTC

	RANGE del, ton, toff, num, amp, i

	(nA) = (nanoamp)

	del (ms)
	ton (ms) <0, 1e9>	: duration of ON phase
	toff (ms) <0, 1e9>	: duration of OFF phase
	num			: how many to deliver
	amp (nA)		: how big

	ival (nA)
	i (nA)
	tally			: how many more to deliver

	i = 0
	ival = 0
	tally = num
	if (tally > 0) {
		net_send(del, 1)
		on = 0
		tally = tally - 1

: printf("%g\n", t)
	i = ival

	: ignore any but self-events with flag == 1
	if (flag == 1) {
		if (on == 0) {
			: turn it on
			ival = amp
			on = 1
			: prepare to turn it off
			net_send(ton, 1)
		} else {
			: turn it off
			ival = 0
			on = 0
			if (tally > 0) {
				: prepare to turn it on again
				net_send(toff, 1)
				tally = tally - 1

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