Dendritica (Vetter et al 2001)

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Accession:7907
Dendritica is a collection of programs for relating dendritic geometry and signal propagation. The programs are based on those used for the simulations described in: Vetter, P., Roth, A. & Hausser, M. (2001) For reprint requests and additional information please contact Dr. M. Hausser, email address: m.hausser@ucl.ac.uk
Reference:
1 . Vetter P, Roth A, Häusser M (2001) Propagation of action potentials in dendrites depends on dendritic morphology. J Neurophysiol 85:926-37 [PubMed]
Model Information (Click on a link to find other models with that property)
Model Type: Dendrite;
Brain Region(s)/Organism:
Cell Type(s): Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal GLU cell; Hippocampus CA3 pyramidal GLU cell; Neocortex U1 L2/6 pyramidal intratelencephalic GLU cell; Cerebellum Purkinje GABA cell;
Channel(s): I Na,t; I L high threshold; I p,q; I K; I M; I K,Ca;
Gap Junctions:
Receptor(s):
Gene(s):
Transmitter(s):
Simulation Environment: NEURON;
Model Concept(s): Action Potential Initiation; Bursting; Active Dendrites; Influence of Dendritic Geometry; Detailed Neuronal Models; Axonal Action Potentials; Action Potentials;
Implementer(s): Hausser, M [M.Hausser at ucl.ac.uk];
Search NeuronDB for information about:  Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal GLU cell; Hippocampus CA3 pyramidal GLU cell; Cerebellum Purkinje GABA cell; Neocortex U1 L2/6 pyramidal intratelencephalic GLU cell; I Na,t; I L high threshold; I p,q; I K; I M; I K,Ca;
Files displayed below are from the implementation
/* Relating dendritic geometry and signal propagation   */
/* Philipp Vetter, Arnd Roth and Michael Hausser        */
/* output.hoc Version 1.0                    11.10.1999 */

proc batch()        { local ct,n
	      		/* run procedure $1 on all cells, using ActiveModel $s2 */
      			/* 1 save_geometry() */
	      		/* 2 save_active() */
	      		/* 3 save_all() */
	      		/*  if (numarg()==3) initsimvclamp(ActiveModel) */
	      		/*  eg batch(3,act0) */	         
	n=numarg()
	if (n==1) ActiveModel = act0 else ActiveModel = $s2
     	if (n==3) initsimvclamp(ActiveModel)
     	for ct=0,CellList.count-1 { calculation(CellList.object(ct).loc,$1,ActiveModel) }
			}

/********************************************************************************/

proc calculation()  { 	local i 
		/* shell procedure specifying which proc to run on each cell in batch*/
		/* $s1 cell 		*/
		/* $2  which procedure   */ 
		/* $s3 active model      */
		/* e.g. calculation(int2.loc,2,act0) */
		if ($2==1)	save_geometry($s1,$s3) 
		if ($2==2)	save_active($s1,$s3) 
		if ($2==3)    save_all($s1,$s3) 

		if ($2==7)    get_neurondata($s1,$s3)		

		if ($2==8)     manual($s1)

		if ($2==10)   deq_calc($s1,"don't save") 
		if ($2==11)   dAdr_calc($s1,"don't save")
		if ($2==12)   slope_darea($s1,ActiveModel,"don't","write") 
		if ($2==13)   slope_deq($s1,ActiveModel,"don't","write")

		if ($2==16)   equivforward($s1,$s3)
		if ($2==15)   equivforwardII($s1,$s3)
		if ($2==26)   normforward($s1,$s3) 

		if ($2==17)   save_back($s1,$s3)
		if ($2==18)   save_fI($s1,$s3)
		if ($2==19)   save_fII($s1,$s3)
		if ($2==21)   printvectors($s1,$s3)

		if ($2==30)   equivZfwdwrite($s1,$s3)

		if ($2==40)   printvectors_back($s1,$s3)
		if ($2==41)   printvectors_forward($s1,$s3)
		if ($2==42)   printvectors_forward2($s1,$s3)


	   	}

/********************************************************************************/

proc manual() {
			dAdr_calc($s1)
			deq_calc($s1)
			slope_darea()
			slope_deq()

		}


proc save_geometry() {
		/*  saves geometry data of cell $s1 to disk */
		/*  $s1 cell */
		/*  $s2 active model (for equivalent cable) */
		/*  e.g. save_geometry(int2,act0)  */

		if (numarg()==2) get($s1,$s2,1) 
		L_switch(0)
		geometry_calc()
		equivalent_calc()
		write_numbers()
			}

/********************************************************************************/

proc save_active() {    
		/*  saves active data of cell $s1 to disk */
		/*  $s1 cell */
		/*  $s2 active model */
		/*  e.g. active_save(int2,act0)  */

		if (numarg()==2) get($s1,$s2,1)     	
		get_gdist(1)
		geometry_calc()	 
		if (diffvonset) set_waveform("dendspike_p21",1) else set_waveform()
		if ((!diffvonset)&&(!equiv)) threshold_calc() else forwardthreshold_calc()
		impedance_calc()  
		if (equiv) { 	write_nathreshold(2)
				print "this is the critical bit"
				equivZfwdwrite($s1,$s2) 
		    } else {
 		   		equivalent_calc()
		   		if (diffvonset) write_nathreshold(1) else write_nathreshold() 
			   }
		}

/********************************************************************************/



proc save_cable() {

		print "\nEquivalent cable============================="
		make_equivalent_cable() 
		equiv = 1
		cell_name(cell)
		// save_geometry(cell,ActiveModel)
		save_active(cell,ActiveModel)

		}

/********************************************************************************/

proc save_forwardmini() { 

		L_switch(1)
		geometry_calc()
		set_waveform("dendspike_p21",1)
		APdecay(1)
		APdecay(3)
		write_nathreshold(5)
		L_switch(0)
		geometry_calc()
		if (!equiv) slope_darea()
		equivalent_calc()
		write_numbers()

			}

/********************************************************************************/

proc save_all() {    
		/*  save active data of cell $s1 + equivalent cylinder + forward prop */
		/*  $s1 cell */
		/*  $s2 active model */
		/*  e.g. active_save(int2,act0)  */

		set_suffix("reset")
		diffvonset=0
		cell        = $s1
		ActiveModel = $s2


		print "\nNormal Morphology========================"
		// save_geometry(cell,ActiveModel)
		save_active(cell,ActiveModel)
		save_cable()

		diffvonset=1
		print "\nForward propagation======================="
		name_somadist(200,"load","save_geometry()")
		name_somadist(200,"load","{save_active() save_cable()}")

		name_halfdecay(halfdecay_maxlocation,"load","save_geometry()")
		name_halfdecay(halfdecay_maxlocation,"load","{save_active() save_cable()}")

		name_halfdecay(halfdecay_minlocation,"load","save_forwardmini()")
		name_halfdecay(apsoma_maxlocation,"load","save_forwardmini()")
		name_halfdecay(apsoma_minlocation,"load","save_forwardmini()")
		name_halfdecay(ap200_maxlocation,"load","save_forwardmini()")
		name_halfdecay(ap200_minlocation,"load","save_forwardmini()")

		}


proc save_back() {    
		/*  save active data of cell $s1 + equivalent cylinder + forward prop */
		/*  $s1 cell */
		/*  $s2 active model */
		/*  e.g. active_save(int2,act0)  */

		set_suffix("reset")
		diffvonset=0
		cell        = $s1
		ActiveModel = $s2


		print "\n\nNormal Morphology========================"
		save_geometry(cell,ActiveModel)
		save_active(cell,ActiveModel)
		save_cable()

		}



proc save_fI() {    
		/*  save active data of cell $s1 + equivalent cylinder + forward prop */
		/*  $s1 cell */
		/*  $s2 active model */
		/*  e.g. active_save(int2,act0)  */

		set_suffix("reset")
		diffvonset=1
		cell        = $s1
		ActiveModel = $s2

		cell_name(cell)
		readveca("halfdecay")
		
		print "\nForward propagation========================"

		name_somadist(200,"load","save_geometry()")
		name_somadist(200,"load","{save_active() save_cable()}")

		name_halfdecay(halfdecay_minlocation,"load","save_forwardmini()")
		name_halfdecay(apsoma_maxlocation,"load","save_forwardmini()")
		name_halfdecay(apsoma_minlocation,"load","save_forwardmini()")
		name_halfdecay(ap200_maxlocation,"load","save_forwardmini()")
		name_halfdecay(ap200_minlocation,"load","save_forwardmini()")

		}



/**************************************************************************/

proc save_fII() {    
		/*  save active data of cell $s1 + equivalent cylinder + forward prop */
		/*  $s1 cell */
		/*  $s2 active model */
		/*  e.g. active_save(int2,act0)  */

		set_suffix("reset")
		diffvonset=1
		cell        = $s1
		ActiveModel = $s2

		cell_name(cell)
		readveca("halfdecay")

		print "\nForward propagation============================="

		name_halfdecay(halfdecay_maxlocation,"load","save_geometry()")
		name_halfdecay(halfdecay_maxlocation,"load","{save_active() save_cable()}")
		}


proc helpme() {    
		/*  save active data of cell $s1 + equivalent cylinder + forward prop */
		/*  $s1 cell */
		/*  $s2 active model */
		/*  e.g. active_save(int2,act0)  */

		set_suffix("reset")
		diffvonset=1
		cell        = ca1g.loc
		ActiveModel = act0

		cell_name(cell)
		readveca("halfdecay")

		print "\nForward propagation============================="
		name_halfdecay(halfdecay_maxlocation,"load","{save_active()}")
		}



/********************************************************************************/

proc write_numbers() { /* write out values calculated in geometry_calc() */
			/* these values are independent of the active model */
 
		writevec("numbers")
	   	fprint("area_max	  	= %2.4f\n",area_max)
	   	fprint("darea_max	  	= %2.4f\n",darea_max)
	   	fprint("darea_maxdist	  	= %2.4f\n",darea_maxdist)
	   	fprint("distance_max  		= %2.4f\n",adist.max)
	   	fprint("taper	  		= %2.4f\n",taper)

		if (!equiv) {
	   	fprint("equiv_diam 		= %2.4f\n",equiv_diam)
	   	fprint("sections_max  		= %2.4f\n",sections_max)
	   	fprint("sections_maxdist  	= %2.4f\n",sections_maxdist)
	   	fprint("sections_mean  		= %2.4f\n",sections_mean)
	   	fprint("taper_mean  		= %2.4f\n",taper_mean)
	   	fprint("diam_mean	  	= %2.4f\n",diam_mean)
	   	fprint("branchpoints_num  	= %2.4f\n",branchpoints_num)
	   	fprint("rallratio_mean  	= %2.4f\n",rallratio_mean)
		fprint("rallratio_peak		= %2.4f\n",rallratio_peak)
	   	fprint("diamratio_mean  	= %2.4f\n",diamratio_mean)
		fprint("diamratio_peak		= %2.4f\n",diamratio_peak)
	   	fprint("branchdensity	  	= %2.4f\n",branchdensity)
	   	fprint("branchdensityII	  	= %2.4f\n",branchdensityII)
	   	fprint("rallratio_noend_mean  	= %2.4f\n",rallratio_noend_mean)
		fprint("rallratio_noend_peak	= %2.4f\n",rallratio_noend_peak)
	   	fprint("diamratio_noend_mean  	= %2.4f\n",diamratio_noend_mean)
		fprint("diamratio_noend_peak	= %2.4f\n",diamratio_noend_peak)
	   	fprint("branchdensity_noend	= %2.4f\n",branchdensity_noend)
	   	fprint("branchdensityII_noend	= %2.4f\n",branchdensityII_noend)
	   	fprint("mean_stem_dendrite_diam	= %2.4f\n",mean_stem_dendrite_diam)
				}
		wopen()
			}

/********************************************************************************/

proc write_nathreshold() {			local n,i,j,q
		/* write out numbers that depend on the active model */
		/* n = 0 everything */
		/* n = 1 skip equivalent_calc calculations */
		/* n = 2 skip nathreshold et al.  but not nathresholdvclamp, APhalf */
		/* n = 3 skip all nathreshold calculations */
		n = numarg()
		if (n==1) n = $1 else n = 0

		writeveca("nathreshold")

	   	fprint("adarea_max	  	= %2.4f\n",adarea_max)      // Geometry_calc
	   	fprint("adarea_maxdist	  	= %2.4f\n",adarea_maxdist)
	   	fprint("adistance_max  		= %2.4f\n",adist.max)
	   	fprint("ataper	  		= %2.4f\n",ataper)
	  	fprint("AP200		 	= %2.4f\n",AP200)
	  	fprint("APhalf	 		= %2.4f\n",APhalf)
	  	fprint("AP200_pass	 	= %2.4f\n",AP200_pass)
	  	fprint("APhalf_pass 		= %2.4f\n",APhalf_pass) 
		if (n<4){
	   	fprint("input_resistance	= %2.4f\n",input_resistance)
	   	fprint("Zmismatch_peak 		= %2.4f\n",Zmismatch_peak)
	   	fprint("Rmismatch_peak 		= %2.4f\n",Rmismatch_peak)
	   	fprint("aZmismatch_peak 	= %2.4f\n",aZmismatch_peak)
	   	fprint("aRmismatch_peak 	= %2.4f\n",aRmismatch_peak)
	   	fprint("Zmismatch_mean 		= %2.4f\n",Zmismatch_mean)
	   	fprint("Rmismatch_mean 		= %2.4f\n",Rmismatch_mean)
	   	fprint("aZmismatch_mean 	= %2.4f\n",aZmismatch_mean)
	   	fprint("aRmismatch_mean 	= %2.4f\n",aRmismatch_mean)
	   	fprint("Zmismatch_peak_noend 	= %2.4f\n",Zmismatch_peak_noend)
	   	fprint("Rmismatch_peak_noend 	= %2.4f\n",Rmismatch_peak_noend)
	   	fprint("aZmismatch_peak_noend 	= %2.4f\n",aZmismatch_peak_noend)
	   	fprint("aRmismatch_peak_noend 	= %2.4f\n",aRmismatch_peak_noend)
	   	fprint("Zmismatch_mean_noend 	= %2.4f\n",Zmismatch_mean_noend)
	   	fprint("Rmismatch_mean_noend 	= %2.4f\n",Rmismatch_mean_noend)
	   	fprint("aZmismatch_mean_noend 	= %2.4f\n",aZmismatch_mean_noend)
	   	fprint("aRmismatch_mean_noend 	= %2.4f\n",aRmismatch_mean_noend)
	   	fprint("Zfwd_min 		= %2.4f\n",Zfwd_min)
	   	fprint("Zfwd_max 		= %2.4f\n",Zfwd_max)
	   	fprint("dZfwd_min 		= %2.4f\n",dZfwd_min)
	   	fprint("dZfwd_max 		= %2.4f\n",dZfwd_max)
	   	fprint("Rfwd_min 		= %2.4f\n",Rfwd_min)
	   	fprint("Rfwd_max 		= %2.4f\n",Rfwd_max)
	   	fprint("dRfwd_min 		= %2.4f\n",dRfwd_min)
	   	fprint("dRfwd_max 		= %2.4f\n",dRfwd_max)
	   	fprint("aZfwd_min 		= %2.4f\n",aZfwd_min)
	   	fprint("aZfwd_max 		= %2.4f\n",aZfwd_max)
	   	fprint("daZfwd_min 		= %2.4f\n",daZfwd_min)
	   	fprint("daZfwd_max 		= %2.4f\n",daZfwd_max)
	   	fprint("aRfwd_min 		= %2.4f\n",aRfwd_min)
	   	fprint("aRfwd_max 		= %2.4f\n",aRfwd_max)
	   	fprint("daRfwd_min 		= %2.4f\n",daRfwd_min)
	   	fprint("daRfwd_max 		= %2.4f\n",daRfwd_max)
			}
		if (n<3){
	  	fprint("nathresholdvclamp  	= %2.4f\n",nathresholdvclamp)	
			}
		if (n<2){
	   	fprint("asections_max  		= %2.4f\n",asections_max)
	   	fprint("asections_maxdist  	= %2.4f\n",asections_maxdist)
	   	fprint("asections_mean  	= %2.4f\n",asections_mean)
	   	fprint("abranchdensity	  	= %2.4f\n",abranchdensity)
	   	fprint("abranchdensityII	= %2.4f\n",abranchdensityII)
	   	fprint("abranchdensity_noend	= %2.4f\n",abranchdensity_noend)
	   	fprint("abranchdensityII_noend	= %2.4f\n",abranchdensityII_noend)
	   	fprint("adeq_max		= %2.4f\n",adeq_max)
	   	fprint("adeq_maxdist		= %2.4f\n",adeq_maxdist)
	   	fprint("ataper_mean  		= %2.4f\n",ataper_mean) // equivalent_calc
	   	fprint("adiam_mean	  	= %2.4f\n",adiam_mean)
			}
		if (n<1){ 	
		fprint("nathreshold 	  	= %2.4f\n",nathreshold)
		fprint("st_intensity	  	= %2.4f\n",st_intensity)
		fprint("nathresholdvclamp2  	= %2.4f\n",nathresholdvclamp2)
	  	fprint("AP200_half	        = %2.4f\n",AP200_half)
	  	fprint("AP200_steep	        = %2.4f\n",AP200_steep)
	  	fprint("AP200_range	        = %2.4f\n",AP200_range)
	  	fprint("AP200_basis	        = %2.4f\n",AP200_basis)
		q=sens[0].size()
		for i=0,2  { fprint("sens[%d]      = new Vector(%d)\n",i,q)
		for j=0,sens[0].size()-1 { fprint("sens[%d].x[%d]=%2.4f\n",i,j,sens[i].x[j]) }}
			}
		wopen()
		}
		   
/********************************************************************************/




proc geometry_read() {	/*  reads geometry data into cell $s1 */
			/*  used by procedure get() */
			/*  e.g. geometry_read(int2)  */

			L_switch(0)
			readvec("areas",Ar)
			if (!equiv) {

			readvec("cdiam",cdiam)
			readvec("rdiam",rdiam)
			readvec("mdiam",mdiam)
			readvec("sections",sections)   
				}

			readvec("numbers")
//			readvec("darea")

		     }

/********************************************************************************/

proc active_read() { 	local i,j, k, kbp  	
			/*  reads active data into cell $s1 */
			/* $s2 active model
			/*  used by procedure get() */
			/*  e.g. active_read(int2,act0)  */

			L_switch(1)
			readveca("areas",Ar)
			L_switch(0)

			readveca("nathreshold")
			st_set(st_intensity)
			if (!equiv){	

			readveca("cdiam",cdiam)
			readveca("rdiam",rdiam)
			readveca("mdiam",mdiam)
			readveca("sections",sections)
				    }

			readveca("frequency",Zfrequency)
			readveca("Zmismatch",Zmismatch)
			readveca("Rmismatch",Rmismatch)
			readveca("Zback",Zback)
			readveca("Rback",Rback)
			readveca("Zfwd",Zfwd)
			readveca("Rfwd",Rfwd)
			readveca("aZfwd",aZfwd)
			readveca("aRfwd",aRfwd)
			readveca("Z",Z)
			readveca("R2",R2)
			readveca("aZmismatch",aZmismatch)
			readveca("aRmismatch",aRmismatch)
			readveca("aZback",aZback)
			readveca("aRback",aRback)
			readveca("aZfwd",aZfwd)
			readveca("aRfwd",aRfwd)
			readveca("aZ",aZ)
			readveca("aR",aR)

			j = kbp  = 0
			forsec all { 
			  for i = 1,nseg { 	
				k = (i-.5)/nseg	
				f_pk(k)		 	= Zfrequency.x[kbp]
				Rmismatch_pk(k)		= Rmismatch.x[j]
				Zmismatch_pk(k)		= Zmismatch.x[j]
				Zfwd_pk(k)		= Zfwd.x[j]
				Rfwd_pk(k)		= Rfwd.x[j]
				Zback_pk(k)		= Zback.x[j]
				Rback_pk(k)		= Rback.x[j]
				Zfwd_pk(k)		= Zfwd.x[j]
				Rfwd_pk(k)		= Rfwd.x[j]
				Z_pk(k)			= Z.x[j]
				R_pk(k)			= R2.x[j]
				aZmismatch_pk(k)	= aZmismatch.x[j]
				aRmismatch_pk(k)	= aRmismatch.x[j]
				aZback_pk(k)		= aZback.x[j]
				aRback_pk(k)		= aRback.x[j]
				aZfwd_pk(k)		= aZfwd.x[j]
				aRfwd_pk(k)		= aRfwd.x[j]
				aZ_pk(k)		= aZ.x[j]
				aR_pk(k)		= aR.x[j]
				j += 1  		/* sum of segments */
					   } 				 
				kbp +=1 }

				Zmismatch.resize(0)
				Rmismatch.resize(0)
				Zback.resize(0)
				Rback.resize(0)
				Zfwd.resize(0)
				Rfwd.resize(0)
				aZfwd.resize(0)
				aRfwd.resize(0)
				Z.resize(0)
				R2.resize(0)
				aZmismatch.resize(0)
				aRmismatch.resize(0)
				aZback.resize(0)
				aRback.resize(0)
				aZfwd.resize(0)
				aRfwd.resize(0)
				aZ.resize(0)
				aR.resize(0)

		for i=1,6 {

		dist_switch(i) 


	   	forsec distlist { for j = 0,nseg-1 {	k = (j+.5)/nseg

			Zmismatch.append(Zmismatch_pk(k))
			aZmismatch.append(aZmismatch_pk(k))
			Rmismatch.append(Rmismatch_pk(k))
			aRmismatch.append(aRmismatch_pk(k))
			Zback.append(Zback_pk(k))
			aZback.append(aZback_pk(k))
			Rback.append(Rback_pk(k))
			aRback.append(aRback_pk(k))
			Zfwd.append(Zfwd_pk(k))
			aZfwd.append(aZfwd_pk(k))
			Rfwd.append(Rfwd_pk(k))
			aRfwd.append(aRfwd_pk(k))
			Z.append(Z_pk(k))
			aZ.append(aZ_pk(k))
			R2.append(R_pk(k))
			aR.append(aR_pk(k))
							 } } }

			dist_switch(1)

			}

/********************************************************************************/

proc normforward() { local hdum,fdum

		cell_name($s1)
		if (forward) 		 name_somadist(200,"load")
		if (hdecay)  		 name_halfdecay(halfdecay_maxlocation,"load")
		if (!hdecay && !forward) get($s1,$s2,1)
		active_read() 

		L_switch(1)
		dist_switch(2)
		str5 = celladdress
		strob.right(str5,1)
		sprint(str5,"Zfwdi_%s",str5)


		hdum=hdecay
		fdum=forward
		set_suffix("reset")
		hdecay=hdum
		forward=fdum
		cell_name($s1)
		ActiveModel=$s2
		activecell = cellname

		writevecs(str5,Zfwd,Rfwd,Zmismatch,Rmismatch,dist)
	}





proc equivforward() {local n, hdum,fdum
		equiv = 1
		get($s1,$s2,1)
		active_read() 
		L_switch(1)
		dist_switch(2)
		str5 = celladdress
		strob.right(str5,1)
		sprint(str5,"Zfwd_%s",str5)
		writevecs(str5,Zfwd,Rfwd,Zmismatch,Rmismatch)

		hdum=hdecay
		fdum=forward
		set_suffix("reset")
		hdecay=hdum
		forward=fdum

		cell_name($s1)
		ActiveModel=$s2
		activecell = cellname
		rdiam = new Vector()
		readveca("rdiam",rdiam)
		electrotonicL=1
		gdist = new Vector(rdiam.size)
	 	{ gdist.indgen(0,gstep()) gdist.x[0]=gstep()/40 }


		str5 = celladdress
		strob.right(str5,1)
		sprint(str5,"rdiam_%s",str5)
		writevecs(str5,gdist,rdiam)			
	}

proc equivforwardII() { local hdum,fdum

		equiv = 1
		get($s1,$s2,1)
		active_read() 
		L_switch(1)
		dist_switch(2)
		str5 = celladdress
		strob.right(str5,1)
		sprint(str5,"Zfwdi_%s",str5)


		hdum=hdecay
		fdum=forward
		set_suffix("reset")
		hdecay=hdum
		forward=fdum
		cell_name($s1)
		ActiveModel=$s2
		activecell = cellname

		rdiam = new Vector()
		readveca("rdiam",rdiam)
		electrotonicL=1
		gdist = new Vector(rdiam.size)
	        { gdist.indgen(0,gstep()) gdist.x[0]=gstep()/40}
		rdiam.interpolate(dist,gdist)

		writevecs(str5,Zfwd,Rfwd,Zmismatch,Rmismatch,dist,rdiam)

	}

/*
- dAdr und Abstand vom Soma in geometrischen Koordinaten, in der
Originalzelle, fuer backpropagation

- Zfwd,Rfwd,Zmismatch,Rmismatch,dist in elektrotonischen Koordinaten
im equivalent cable fuer die _forward_ propagation

- dAdr und Abstand vom der dendritischen Elektrode in geometrischen
Koordinaten, in der Originalzelle, fuer forward propagation?

*/

proc printvectors() {

		cell = $s1
		ActiveModel = $s2

		get(cell,ActiveModel)  // back: { dAr;dist }
		L_switch(0)
		dist_switch(2)
		str5 = celladdress
		strob.right(str5,1)
		sprint(str5,"dAsoma_%s",str5)
		writevecs(str5,dAr,gdist)


		name_somadist(200,"load")  // forward200: { dAr;dist }
		geometry_read(cell) 
		active_read(cell,ActiveModel)  
		for i=0,1 { L_switch(1-i)  get_gdist() }	
		dist_switch(2)
		str5 = celladdress
		strob.right(str5,1)
		sprint(str5,"fdAsoma_%s",str5)
		writevecs(str5,dAr,gdist)

		equiv = 1	     // forward200equiv: { Zfwd;Rfwd;dist;Rmismatch;Zmismatch }
		cell_name(cell)
		get(cell,ActiveModel) 
		L_switch(1)
		dist_switch(2)
		str5 = celladdress
		strob.right(str5,1)
		sprint(str5,"eqZfwd_%s",str5)
		writevecs(str5,Zfwd,Rfwd,dist,Rmismatch,Zmismatch)


				// halfdecymax: { dAr;dist }
		name_halfdecay(halfdecay_maxlocation,"load")
		geometry_read(cell) 
		active_read(cell,ActiveModel)  
		for i=0,1 { L_switch(1-i)  get_gdist() }	
		L_switch(0)
		dist_switch(2)
		str5 = celladdress
		strob.right(str5,1)
		sprint(str5,"fdAsoma_%s",str5)
		writevecs(str5,dAr,gdist)

		equiv = 1  // halfdecymaxequiv: { Zfwd;Rfwd;dist;Rmismatch;Zmismatch }
		cell_name(cell)
		get(cell,ActiveModel) 
		L_switch(1)
		dist_switch(2)
		str5 = celladdress
		strob.right(str5,1)
		sprint(str5,"eqZfwd_%s",str5)
		writevecs(str5,Zfwd,Rfwd,dist,Rmismatch,Zmismatch)
			
	}



proc printvectors_back() {

		cell = $s1
		ActiveModel = $s2

		get(cell,ActiveModel)  // back: { dAr;dist }
		L_switch(0)
		dist_switch(2)
		str5 = celladdress
		strob.right(str5,1)
		sprint(str5,"dAsoma_%s",str5)
		writevecs(str5,dAr,gdist)

			}

proc printvectors_forward() {

		cell = $s1
		ActiveModel = $s2
		cell_name(cell)

		name_somadist(200,"load")  // forward200: { dAr;dist }
		geometry_read(cell) 
		active_read(cell,ActiveModel)  
		for i=0,1 { L_switch(1-i)  get_gdist() }	
		dist_switch(2)
		str5 = celladdress
		strob.right(str5,1)
		sprint(str5,"fdAsoma_%s",str5)
		writevecs(str5,dAr,gdist)

		equiv = 1	     // forward200equiv: { Zfwd;Rfwd;dist;Rmismatch;Zmismatch }
		cell_name(cell)
		get(cell,ActiveModel,1) 
		active_read()
		L_switch(1)
		dist_switch(2)
		str5 = celladdress
		strob.right(str5,1)
		sprint(str5,"eqZfwd_%s",str5)
		writevecs(str5,Zfwd,Rfwd,dist,Rmismatch,Zmismatch)


				}


proc printvectors_forward2() {

		cell = $s1
		ActiveModel = $s2
		cell_name(cell)

				// halfdecymax: { dAr;dist }
		name_halfdecay(halfdecay_maxlocation,"load")
		geometry_read(cell) 
		active_read(cell,ActiveModel)  
		for i=0,1 { L_switch(1-i)  get_gdist() }	
		L_switch(0)
		dist_switch(2)
		str5 = celladdress
		strob.right(str5,1)
		sprint(str5,"fdAsoma_%s",str5)
		writevecs(str5,dAr,gdist)

		equiv = 1  // halfdecymaxequiv: { Zfwd;Rfwd;dist;Rmismatch;Zmismatch }
		cell_name(cell)
		get(cell,ActiveModel,1)
		active_read() 
		L_switch(1)
		dist_switch(2)
		str5 = celladdress
		strob.right(str5,1)
		sprint(str5,"eqZfwd_%s",str5)
		writevecs(str5,Zfwd,Rfwd,dist,Rmismatch,Zmismatch)
			
	}


proc make_figures() { local n

	n=numarg()

	if (n==0) ActiveModel=act0 else ActiveModel = $s1

	get_data()
	averages(3014)       	// nathresholdvclamp
	cplot(3014,1003)  	// Nathresholdvclamp vs number of branchpoints
	cplot(3014,1013)  	// Nathresholdvclamp vs d2area_max



	// remove L2/3 pyramidal cell so that only layer 5 remain for averaging
	l23 = new Vector()
	get_data()
	averages(3011)  	// passive AP200
	averages(3016)  	// AP200 half-distance			


               }



proc equivZfwdwrite() {
		equiv = 1
		get($s1,$s2,1)
		L_switch(1)
		active_read()
		dist_switch(2)

		get_cZ(1)
		cZfwd_min		= dminimum
		cZfwd_max		= dmaximum

		get_cZ(2)
		cRfwd_min		= dminimum
		cRfwd_max		= dmaximum

		get_cZ(3)
		caZfwd_min		= dminimum
		caZfwd_max		= dmaximum

		get_cZ(4)
		caRfwd_min		= dminimum
		caRfwd_max		= dmaximum	

		writeveca("Zfwd_normalize")

		fprint("cZfwd_min		= %2.4f\n",cZfwd_min*1e5)
		fprint("cZfwd_max		= %2.4f\n",cZfwd_max*1e5)
		fprint("cRfwd_min		= %2.4f\n",cRfwd_min*1e5)
		fprint("cRfwd_max		= %2.4f\n",cRfwd_max*1e5)
		fprint("caZfwd_min		= %2.4f\n",caZfwd_min*1e5)
		fprint("caZfwd_max		= %2.4f\n",caZfwd_max*1e5)
		fprint("caRfwd_min		= %2.4f\n",caRfwd_min*1e5)
		fprint("caRfwd_max		= %2.4f\n",caRfwd_max*1e5)

		wopen()
	}











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