Optical stimulation of a channelrhodopsin-2 positive pyramidal neuron model (Foutz et al 2012)

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A computational tool to explore the underlying principles of optogenetic neural stimulation. This "light-neuron" model consists of theoretical representations of the light dynamics generated by a fiber optic in brain tissue, coupled to a multicompartment cable model of a cortical pyramidal neuron (Hu et al. 2009, ModelDB #123897) embedded with channelrhodopsin-2 (ChR2) membrane dynamics. Simulations predict that the activation threshold is sensitive to many of the properties of ChR2 (density, conductivity, and kinetics), tissue medium (scattering and absorbance), and the fiber-optic light source (diameter and numerical aperture). This model system represents a scientific instrument to characterize the effects of optogenetic neuromodulation, as well as an engineering design tool to help guide future development of optogenetic technology.
1 . Foutz TJ, Arlow RL, McIntyre CC (2012) Theoretical principles underlying optical stimulation of a channelrhodopsin-2 positive pyramidal neuron. J Neurophysiol 107:3235-45 [PubMed]
Model Information (Click on a link to find other models with that property)
Model Type: Neuron or other electrically excitable cell; Axon; Channel/Receptor; Dendrite;
Brain Region(s)/Organism:
Cell Type(s): Neocortex L5/6 pyramidal GLU cell;
Channel(s): I K; I M; I K,Ca; I Sodium; I Calcium; Channelrhodopsin (ChR);
Gap Junctions:
Simulation Environment: NEURON; Python;
Model Concept(s): Detailed Neuronal Models; Action Potentials; Parameter sensitivity; Intracortical Microstimulation; Neuromodulation;
Implementer(s): MacIntyre, CC [ccm4 at case.edu]; Foutz, Thomas J [tfoutz at uw.edu]; Arlow, Richard L [richard.arlow at case.edu];
Search NeuronDB for information about:  Neocortex L5/6 pyramidal GLU cell; I K; I M; I K,Ca; I Sodium; I Calcium; Channelrhodopsin (ChR);
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