Cerebellar purkinje cell: K and Ca channels regulate APs (Miyasho et al 2001)

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Accession:17664
We adopted De Schutter and Bower's model as the starting point, then modified the descriptions of several ion channels, such as the P-type Ca channel and the delayed rectifier K channel, and added class-E Ca channels and D-type K channels to the model. Our new model reproduces most of our experimental results and supports the conclusions of our experimental study that class-E Ca channels and D-type K channels are present and functioning in the dendrites of Purkinje neurons.
Reference:
1 . Miyasho T, Takagi H, Suzuki H, Watanabe S, Inoue M, Kudo Y, Miyakawa H (2001) Low-threshold potassium channels and a low-threshold calcium channel regulate Ca2+ spike firing in the dendrites of cerebellar Purkinje neurons: a modeling study. Brain Res 891:106-15 [PubMed]
Model Information (Click on a link to find other models with that property)
Model Type: Neuron or other electrically excitable cell;
Brain Region(s)/Organism:
Cell Type(s): Cerebellum Purkinje GABA cell;
Channel(s): I Na,p; I Na,t; I T low threshold; I A; I K; I M; I K,Ca; I Sodium; I Calcium; I Potassium; I A, slow; I_KD;
Gap Junctions:
Receptor(s):
Gene(s):
Transmitter(s):
Simulation Environment: NEURON;
Model Concept(s): Action Potential Initiation; Activity Patterns; Dendritic Action Potentials; Bursting; Active Dendrites; Influence of Dendritic Geometry; Detailed Neuronal Models; Action Potentials; Calcium dynamics;
Implementer(s): Miyakawa, H [Miyakawa at ls.toyaku.ac.jp];
Search NeuronDB for information about:  Cerebellum Purkinje GABA cell; I Na,p; I Na,t; I T low threshold; I A; I K; I M; I K,Ca; I Sodium; I Calcium; I Potassium; I A, slow; I_KD;
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prknj
readme
CaE.mod *
CalciumP.mod *
CaP.mod *
CaP2.mod *
CaT.mod *
K2.mod *
K22.mod *
K23.mod *
KA.mod *
KC.mod *
KC2.mod *
KC3.mod *
KD.mod *
Kdr.mod *
Kh.mod *
Khh.mod *
KM.mod *
Leak.mod *
NaF.mod *
NaP.mod *
mosinit.hoc
purkinje.hoc
purkinje.ses
                            
TITLE Anomalous rectifier
 
COMMENT
  from "An Active Membrane Model of the Cerebellar Purkinje Cell
        1. Simulation of Current Clamp in Slice"
  
  "Anomalous Rectification in Neurons from Cat Sensorimotor Cortex
    In Vitro" W.J.SPAIN, P.C.SCHWINDT, and W.E.CRILL
           JOURNAL OF NEUROPHYSIOLOGY Vol 57, No.5
ENDCOMMENT
 
UNITS {
        (mA) = (milliamp)
        (mV) = (millivolt)
}
 
NEURON {
        SUFFIX Kh
	USEION k WRITE ik
        RANGE  gkbar, gk, minf, mexp, nexp, ik
} 
 
INDEPENDENT {t FROM 0 TO 1 WITH 1 (ms)}
 
PARAMETER {
        v (mV)
        celsius = 37 (degC)
        dt (ms)
        gkbar	= .0003 (mho/cm2)
        ek	= -30 (mV)

}
 
STATE {
        m 
}
 
ASSIGNED {
        ik (mA/cm2)
        gk minf  mexp nexp
}
 
BREAKPOINT {
        SOLVE states
        gk = gkbar *m
	ik = gk* (v-ek)
}
 
UNITSOFF
 
INITIAL {
	rates(v)
	m = minf
}

PROCEDURE states() {  :Computes state variables m, 
        rates(v)      :             at the current v and dt.
        m = 0.8*(m + mexp*(minf-m))
		+0.2*(m + nexp*(minf-m))
}
 
PROCEDURE rates(v) {  :Computes rate and other constants at current v.
                      :Call once from HOC to initialize inf at resting v.
        LOCAL  q10, tinc
        TABLE minf, mexp,nexp DEPEND dt, celsius FROM -100 TO 100 WITH 200
        q10 = 3^((celsius - 37)/10)
        tinc = -dt * q10
                :"m" potassium activation system
        minf = 1/(1+exp((v+78)/7))
        mexp = 1 - exp(tinc/38)
        nexp = 1 - exp(tinc/319)
}

 
UNITSON


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