Dopaminergic subtantia nigra neuron (Moubarak et al 2019)

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Accession:245427
Axon initial segment (AIS) geometry critically influences neuronal excitability. Interestingly, the axon of substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) dopaminergic (DA) neurons displays a highly variable location and most often arises from an axon-bearing dendrite (ABD). We combined current-clamp somatic and dendritic recordings, outside-out recordings of dendritic sodium and potassium currents, morphological reconstructions and multi-compartment modelling to determine cell-to-cell variations in AIS and ABD geometry and their influence on neuronal output (spontaneous pacemaking frequency, AP shape). Both AIS and ABD geometries are highly variable between SNc DA neurons. Surprisingly, we found that AP shape and pacemaking frequency were independent of AIS geometry. Modelling realistic morphological and biophysical variations clarify this result: in SNc DA neurons, the complexity of the ABD combined with its excitability predominantly define pacemaking frequency and AP shape, such that large variations in AIS geometry negligibly affect neuronal output, and are tolerated.
Reference:
1 . Moubarak E, Engel D, Dufour MA, Tapia M, Tell F, Goaillard JM (2019) Robustness to Axon Initial Segment Variation Is Explained by Somatodendritic Excitability in Rat Substantia Nigra Dopaminergic Neurons. J Neurosci 39:5044-5063 [PubMed]
Model Information (Click on a link to find other models with that property)
Model Type:
Brain Region(s)/Organism: Basal ganglia;
Cell Type(s): Substantia nigra pars compacta DA cell;
Channel(s): Ca pump; I A; I Calcium; I h; I Na,t; I K;
Gap Junctions:
Receptor(s):
Gene(s):
Transmitter(s):
Simulation Environment: NEURON;
Model Concept(s): Action Potential Initiation; Pacemaking mechanism;
Implementer(s): Tell, Fabien [fabien.tell at univ-amu.fr]; Moubarak, Estelle ;
Search NeuronDB for information about:  Substantia nigra pars compacta DA cell; I Na,t; I A; I K; I h; I Calcium; Ca pump;
TITLE calcium lVA channels for DA

COMMENT
 LOWthreshold calcium channel (L-type)

 
ENDCOMMENT

UNITS {
	(mM) = (milli/liter)
	(mV) = (millivolt)
	(mA) = (milliamp)
	(pS) =(picosiemens)
     FARADAY = (faraday) (coulomb)
           R = (k-mole) (joule/degC)
}



NEURON {
	THREADSAFE
	SUFFIX CAV13
	USEION ca   READ cai WRITE ica
	RANGE  gbar,  iLCa, ica, gbar
	GLOBAL qinf
}

PARAMETER {
        v (mV)
	dt (ms)
       gbar  = 2 (pS/microm2)
			celsius
				  Vmid_ac =-31 (mV)
  k_ac = 7 (mV)
			iLCa=0
	 eca = 120 (mV)
        cao = 2.0 (mM)
		cai (mM)
	
}

INDEPENDENT {t FROM 0 TO 1 WITH 1 (ms)}


STATE {
        q
}

ASSIGNED { 
        ica (mA/cm2)
	qinf
		qtau (ms)
			
	
	
	
}

BREAKPOINT {

	SOLVE states METHOD cnexp
	iLCa = (gbar)*q*(v-eca)*0.0001
	ica  = iLCa
}


INITIAL {
	
        settables(v)
	q = qinf
	
}

DERIVATIVE states {  
	settables(v)  
	q' = (qinf-q)/qtau
	
}

PROCEDURE settables(v) {  :Computes rate and other constants at current v.
                          :Call once from HOC to initialize inf at resting v.
			 
        TABLE qinf, qtau  FROM -100 TO 100 WITH 400

                :"q" L Ca activation system
        qinf   = 1.0/(1.0 + exp((Vmid_ac - v)/ k_ac))
        qtau   =1/((-0.20876*(v+39.26)/(exp(-(v+39.26)/4.111)-1)+(0.9444*exp(-(v+15.38)/224.1))))
					
      
}



 


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