Coincident glutamatergic depolarization effects on Cl- dynamics (Lombardi et al, 2021)

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Accession:266823
"... we used compartmental biophysical models of Cl- dynamics simulating either a simple ball-and-stick topology or a reconstructed CA3 neuron. These computational experiments demonstrated that glutamatergic co-stimulation enhances GABA receptor-mediated Cl- influx at low and attenuates or reverses the Cl- efflux at high initial [Cl-]i. The size of glutamatergic influence on GABAergic Cl--fluxes depends on the conductance, decay kinetics, and localization of glutamatergic inputs. Surprisingly, the glutamatergic shift in GABAergic Cl--fluxes is invariant to latencies between GABAergic and glutamatergic inputs over a substantial interval..."
Reference:
1 . Lombardi A, Jedlicka P, Luhmann HJ, Kilb W (2021) Coincident glutamatergic depolarizations enhance GABAA receptor-dependent Cl- influx in mature and suppress Cl- efflux in immature neurons PLOS Comp Bio
Model Information (Click on a link to find other models with that property)
Model Type: Synapse; Dendrite;
Brain Region(s)/Organism:
Cell Type(s): Hippocampus CA3 pyramidal GLU cell;
Channel(s):
Gap Junctions:
Receptor(s): GabaA; AMPA; NMDA;
Gene(s):
Transmitter(s): Gaba; Glutamate;
Simulation Environment: NEURON;
Model Concept(s): Short-term Synaptic Plasticity; Synaptic Plasticity; Chloride regulation;
Implementer(s): Jedlicka, Peter [jedlicka at em.uni-frankfurt.de]; Kilb, Werner [wkilb at uni-mainz.de];
Search NeuronDB for information about:  Hippocampus CA3 pyramidal GLU cell; GabaA; AMPA; NMDA; Gaba; Glutamate;
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Fig3f-h_Ball-stick_AP_Effect
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test_a.hoc *
                            
TITLE l-calcium channel
: l-type calcium channel


UNITS {
	(mA) = (milliamp)
	(mV) = (millivolt)

	FARADAY = 96520 (coul)
	R = 8.3134 (joule/degC)
	KTOMV = .0853 (mV/degC)
}

PARAMETER {
	v (mV)
	celsius 	(degC)
	gcalbar=.003 (mho/cm2)
	ki=.001 (mM)
	cai (mM)
	cao (mM)
        tfa=1
}


NEURON {
	SUFFIX cal
	USEION ca READ cai,cao WRITE ica
        RANGE gcalbar,cai
        GLOBAL minf,tau
}

STATE {
	m
}

ASSIGNED {
	ica (mA/cm2)
        gcal (mho/cm2)
        minf
        tau   (ms)
}

INITIAL {
	rate(v)
	m = minf
}

BREAKPOINT {
	SOLVE state METHOD cnexp
	gcal = gcalbar*m*m*h2(cai)
	ica = gcal*ghk(v,cai,cao)

}

FUNCTION h2(cai(mM)) {
	h2 = ki/(ki+cai)
}


FUNCTION ghk(v(mV), ci(mM), co(mM)) (mV) {
        LOCAL nu,f

        f = KTF(celsius)/2
        nu = v/f
        ghk=-f*(1. - (ci/co)*exp(nu))*efun(nu)
}

FUNCTION KTF(celsius (DegC)) (mV) {
        KTF = ((25./293.15)*(celsius + 273.15))
}


FUNCTION efun(z) {
	if (fabs(z) < 1e-4) {
		efun = 1 - z/2
	}else{
		efun = z/(exp(z) - 1)
	}
}

FUNCTION alp(v(mV)) (1/ms) {
	TABLE FROM -150 TO 150 WITH 200
	alp = 15.69*(-1.0*v+81.5)/(exp((-1.0*v+81.5)/10.0)-1.0)
}

FUNCTION bet(v(mV)) (1/ms) {
	TABLE FROM -150 TO 150 WITH 200
	bet = 0.29*exp(-v/10.86)
}

DERIVATIVE state {  
        rate(v)
        m' = (minf - m)/tau
}

PROCEDURE rate(v (mV)) { :callable from hoc
        LOCAL a
        a = alp(v)
        tau = 1/(tfa*(a + bet(v)))
        minf = tfa*a*tau
}
 














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